Lord Vishnu, the preserver of the world regulates order in
the universe. He assumes the human form and incarnates on earth to benefit
mankind. The ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu are of great interest as he
incarnates himself as fish, tortoise, and boar to half -animal, half-man, and
eventually in the human form. Lord Vishnu exhibited the strength and intellect
of animals who have always been considered mute spectators bearing the atrocity
of humans for ages. Exotic India presents the brass idol of Lord Vishnu and his
ten incarnations on a wooden panel with great precision and symmetry.
An detailed description on all the incarnations in the panel is available in the description section below:
The first incarnation of Lord Vishnu is of Matsya (the fish). He took this form to save the sacred hymns of the Vedas from being lost in the vast ocean. Here the incarnation is depicted in the upper half as human and lower half as fish with four hands bearing conch and discus while the other two hands are in Varada Mudra (for blessings) and Abhaya Mudra (for protection). The beautifully ornated idol is placed on the left side of Lord Vishnu.
In the second incarnation, Lord Vishnu appeared as Kurma (the tortoise) and became a pivot beneath the churning rod (Mount Mandara). The idol is placed on the right side of Lord Vishnu in a combination of human-animal forms. The personification of the objects held in hands is similar to that of Matsya.
The third incarnation was Varaha (the boar) when Lord carried the Mother Earth on his tusk and prevented it from falling into the vast ocean. It is located at the bottom of the wooden panel next to Lord Vishnu towards the right.
Lord Vishnu appeared as Narasimha (the man-lion) to kill demon Hiranyakashipu and protected his devotee Prahlad. This was the most ferocious form ever taken by the Lord. The idol can be located at the bottom top of the lord.
According to the fifth incarnation, Lord appeared as Vamana (the brahmana dwarf). The lord took three huge steps covered the entire world and deceived the demon Bali. After that, he released the water of the Ganges and purified the world of its sins. The remarkable element of the idol is the umbrella placed on top of Lord Vishnu onto the right side.
Lord Vishnu took the sixth incarnation as Parasurama and killed the warrior class twenty-one times as they continuously fought among themselves and created havoc in the society. Parasurama saved the world from the aggression of warriors. The most significant element of the idol is that it bears an axe in its right hand. The axe was the only weapon used by the lord to remove unjust from the world. The idol is placed on the extreme left of Lord Vishnu on the wooden panel.
The seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu is Rama, the most revered one. Lord Rama killed the demon Ravana and returned to his kingdom Ayodhya after completing the exile of fourteen years. The beautiful idol is placed on top of the wooden panel in the extreme right.
Lord Krishna is the eighth incarnation of Supreme Lord. He ended the tyrannical rule of his maternal uncle Kansa, became an advisor to the Pandavas and guide of Arjuna in Mahabharat. This incarnation is widely adored and worshiped all over the world. His beautiful idol is located on top to the extreme left of Lord Vishnu.
The ninth incarnation of Lord Vishnu is Balarama (Krishna’s elder brother). He was known for his prodigious strength through many adventures. His decorated idol is placed at the bottom extreme right of the panel.
The tenth incarnation of Lord Vishnu is Hayagriva (horse -headed) worshipped for knowledge and wisdom. He instils speed, strength, and intellect in his devotees. His idol is located right next to Lord Vishnu.
In the center is the idol of Lord Vishnu in its complete grandeur and glory that is captured by the artisan in a fantastic aesthetic sense. The entire set weaves the vibe of harmony, positivity, and happiness in the surroundings.
From Top Left Corner to Right :-
Kurma – 6.2 inch Height x 2.7 inch Width x 1.8 inch DepthNarasimha – 6.1 inch Height x 2.7 inch Width x 1.8 inch DepthHayagriva - 6.1 inch Height x 2.7 inch Width x 1.8 inch DepthMatshya - 6.2 inch Height x 2.7 inch Width x 1.8 inch Depth
Rama - 6 inch Height x 2.6 inch Width x 1.8 inch DepthCentre Statue - 9.2 inch Height x 5.2 inch Width x 3.3 inch DepthKrishna - 5.7 inch Height x 2.7 inch Width x 1.8 inch DepthParashurama - 6.3 inch Height x 1.9 inch Width x 1.8 inch DepthVaman - 6 inch Height x 2 inch Width x 1.8 inch DepthBalarama – 5.8 inch Height x 1.9 inch Width x 1.8 inch DepthVaraha – 6.1 inch Height x 2.7 inch Width x 1.8 inch Depth
How to care for Wood Statues?
Wood is extensively used in sculpting especially in countries like China, Germany, and Japan. One feature that makes the wood extremely suitable for making statues and sculptures is that it is light and can take very fine detail. It is easier for artists to work with wood than with other materials such as metal or stone. Both hardwoods, as well as softwood, are used for making sculptures. Wood is mainly used for indoor sculptures because it is not as durable as stone. Changes in weather cause wooden sculptures to split or be attacked by insects or fungus. The principal woods for making sculptures and statues are cedar, pine, walnut, oak, and mahogany. The most common technique that sculptors use to make sculptures out of wood is carving with a chisel and a mallet. Since wooden statues are prone to damage, fire, and rot, they require proper care and maintenance.
It is extremely important to preserve and protect wooden sculptures with proper care. A little carelessness and negligence can lead to their decay, resulting in losing all their beauty and strength. Therefore, a regular clean-up of the sculptures is a must to prolong their age and to maintain their shine and luster.
Wood has been a preferred material for sculptures and statues
since ancient times. It is easy to work with than most metals and
stones and therefore requires less effort to shape it into any
desired shape or form. The texture of the wood gives an element of
realism to the sculpture. The selection of an appropriate wood
type is necessary for carving. Woods that are too resinous or
coniferous are not considered good for carving as their fiber is
very soft and thus lacks strength. On the other hand, wood such as
Mahogany, Oakwood, Walnut wood, Weet cherry wood, etc., are
preferred by sculptors because their fiber is harder.
A wood sculptor uses various tools such as a pointed chisel in one
hand and a mallet in another to bring the wood to the desired
measurement and to make intricate details on it. A carving knife
is used to cut and smooth the wood. Other tools such as the gouge,
V-tool, and coping saw also serve as important tools in wood
carving. Although the wood carving technique is not as complex and
tough as stone carving or metal sculpting, nonetheless, a wood
carver requires a high level of skills and expertise to create a
The process of wood carving begins with selecting a chunk of wood
that is required according to the type and shape of the statue to
be created by the sculptor. Both hardwoods and softwoods are used
for making artistic pieces, however, hardwoods are preferred more
than softer woods because of their durability and longevity. But
if heavy detailing is to be done on the statue, wood with fine
grain would be needed as it would be difficult to work with
Once the wood type is selected, the wood carver begins the
general shaping process using gouges of various sizes. A gouge
is a tool having a curved cutting edge which is useful in
removing large unwanted portions of wood easily without
splitting the wood. The sculptor always carves the wood across
the grain of the wood and not against it.
When a refined shape of the statue is obtained, it is time for
making details on the statue using different tools. This is
achieved by using tools such as a veiner to make and a V-tool to
create decorative and sharp cuts.
Once finer details have been added, the sculptor is ready to
smoothen the surface and give it a perfect finish. Tools such as
rasps and rifflers are used to get a smooth surface. The finer
polishing is obtained by rubbing the surface with sandpaper. If
a textured surface is required, this step is skipped. Finally,
to protect the statue from excessive dirt accumulation, the
sculptor applies natural oils such as walnut or linseed oil all
over it. This also brings a natural sheen to the statue.
Wood statues are lighter in weight and less expensive than metal
or stone pieces. Because wood is prone to fast decay by fungus and
algae, statues made out of this material are not preferred to be
kept outside. The rich tradition of wood carving in countries such
as Africa, Egypt, India, and Nepal has been followed for many
centuries. Indian craftsmen are specialized in this classic art
and continue to exhibit their extraordinary artistic skills.
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