The Mundak Upanishad is said to have been imparted by Lord Brahma to his eldest son Atharva. Thus it
is a part of the Atharvaveda. The name of the Upanishad comes from the word mund (to shave), the
metaphor being one who has been liberated from his ignorance.
The Upanishad contains three chapters, each of which is called a mundak. These chapters are
further divided into sub sections, called khanda. The Upanishad is in the form of a mantra, containing a
total of 64 verses.
The Mundak Upanishad preaches that there are two types of knowledge (vidyaa). Paraa vidyaa,
the higher one, is the knowledge of the Brahman. Aparaa vidyaa, the lower one, is the knowledge of the
physical world. The Upanishad goes on to say that all knowledge collected by mankind - phonetics,
grammar, etymology, even the teachings in the Vedas, is aparaa vidyaa. Only the true knowledge of the
Supreme Being is paraa vidyaa.
As the spider sends forth and draws in its thread, as plants come up from the earth, as hair
grows on a living person, the universe arises from the Impershable.
Send as free online greeting card
Email a Friend