These miniature portraits are of not only the Mughal monarchs but also nearby Rajput and Maratha rulers who were influenced by the style to commission their own portraits in the same. A number of the portraits include beauteous Mughal princesses, characteristically clad Sufi mystics and wanderers of the day, and the dignitary of the Mughal courts. It goes to show how much of an artistic synthesis of Hindu, Islamic, and European culture penetrated not only art but also every facet of Indian life. While the Mughals were Muslim invaders from further West of Asia in a land that was predominantly Hindu, the European influences could be explained by the prints and paintings brought to the court as gifts by foreign envoys. The amalgamation of these influences could be seen in the depth, spatial recession, and optical reality that characterise these highly realistic Mughal portraits.
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