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The state of Maharashtra in India is home to the Marathi people, who speak Marathi, a language rooted in its Indo-Aryan origin, as their native tongue. It acts as the official dialect of Maharashtra as well as the states of Goa, Daman, Diu, and Silvassa, where it also qualifies as a co-official language.


Nearly every district in Maharashtra has a Hindu majority. The majority observe traditions and customs in all of their festivals and ceremonies. The Marathi Hindus celebrate a unique Hindu festival called Gudi Padwa, on the  Marathi New Year. Gudhi is a symbol of triumph in the Lankan battle in the Ramayana. A spiritual awakening known as Warkari under Hinduism's bhakti spiritual tradition has long been connected to the state of Maharashtra. Vitthal, often referred to as Vithoba, is the patron deity of Pandharpur and is revered by Warkaristhis sect as a manifestation of Krishna. The spiritual movement encourages the deification of Vithoba, the adoption of a duty-based way of life that places a strong emphasis on moral conduct. They stay away from vices like smoking, drinking and consumption of non vegetarian food. They preach opposition against caste and class based discrimination, and urge disciples to chant kirtans. 


Maharashtra has a thriving literary and artistic tradition. It has been the birthplace of many illustrious figures like Dadasaheb Phalke and Kusumagraj. The religious reformation movements of the 11th and 12th centuries are strongly related to the commencement of Marathi literature. The founders of these groups aimed to replace Sanskrit with regional languages. The founders of these groups aimed to replace Sanskrit with regional languages. Early Marathi poets primarily drew inspiration from the ancient Indian epic and employed the abhanga (concise, lyrical religious verse) and ovi poetry forms. Prose genres also came into existence. The poets Namdev, Mukundraj, Eknath, Ramdas, Jnanesvar, and Tukaram were the most significant figures in historic Marathi literature.


The knowledge of Ayurveda  is not just an ancient style of medication from India; it is a steadfast naturopathic system of treatment that has time and again proven its efficiency and the attack of modern science. The basic goal of Ayurvedic science is to create a healthy lifestyle by maintaining a balance of perfect unison between the human body and the environment it inhabits, utilizing the knowledge acquired over the centuries. 


The Ashtavakra Gita is a unique work on non-dualistic (Advaita) logic that guarantees to occasionally take the practitioner nearer to the Brahman. Additionally, it moves the practitioner from slavery to liberation. No pre-essentials, rituals, Pranayama, or other factors are required. It is not necessary to use "Japa" or to continuously repeat sacred phrases. There is no necessity for introspection or evaluation.  The world and you might both disappear into nothingness as you witness a solid piece of ground transform into a magnificent scene and reach the pinnacle of longevity and bliss. 

The Ashtavakra Gita is a conversation between King Janaka, a philosopher and emperor who is well renowned for lacking body consciousness, and Ashatavakra, an astounding Self-acknowledged saintly figure from the Mahabharata. While Ashtavakra Gita is so direct and unambiguous that its meaning cannot be misunderstood, Bhagavad Gita has a few interpretations, and its meanings have been twisted and misshapen by numerous observers, both traditional and modern. Few people have taken the risk of deciphering it or including any analyses concerning it. This is something that cannot be understood through educational prowess or a basic grant.

While the Bhagavad Gita directs you toward the goal of liberation, the Ashtavakra Gita takes you directly to your destination without the need for any intermediate steps. Even if the Divine Trinity of Shiva, Vishnu, or Brahma were present to instruct you, this Consciousness couldn't just be handed to you. You'll have to work for it by focusing just on the Supreme Self, while ignoring everything else.


Q1. Which is the oldest Marathi book written in the prose form?

A poet, Mukunduraja’s Vivēkasindhu is the oldest Marathi book written in the prose form.

Q2. Who were some of the important Dalit Gujarati authors?

Raja Dhale, Annabhau Sathe, Laxman Mane, Namdev Dhasal, Laxman Gaikwad, Arun Kamble, Sharankumar Limbale Daya Pawar, and  Shantabai Kamble were some of the notable authors of Dalit Literature in Gujarat.