Aranyaka

Filter

Aranyakasa

Each of the four Vedas, the basic scriptures of Hinduism, is generally divided into four parts: the Samhita, the Brahmana, the Aranyaka and the Upanisad.

The Samhitas are collections of Vedic hymns. The Brahmanas are treatises written in prose, dealing with the conduct of sacrifices and other rites associated with them. The Upanisads deal with philosophical truths and esoteric wisdom.

The Aranyakas form a link between the ritualism of the Brahmanas as and the philosophy of the Upanisads.

The extant Aranyakas of the four Vedas may be listed as follows:

Rgveda:

Aitareya Aranyaka, Sankhyana Aranyaka (sometimes called Kausitaki Aranyaka also).

Sukla Yajurveda:

Brhadaranyaka (the earlier part of the Satapatha Brahmana, the later part being the Upanisad).

Krsna Yajurveda:

Taittiriya Aranyaka, Maitrayaniya Aranyaka.

Samaveda:

Last part of the Tandya-mahabrahmana (also known as Pancavimsabrahmana), Talavakara Aranyaka.

Atharvaveda:

No Aranyaka is available.