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Taittiriya Upanishad

Arguably the Upanishad with the most diverse content, the Taittiriya Upanishad contains philosophical conclusions, scholarly reflections on allegory, advice to students of ancient gurukuls, guides to ethics, linguistic instruction, and prayers. A couple of fascinating excerpts:-

May the pupils inquire after me,/May the pupils come to me!/May my pupils venture forth on the way of research, inquiry!/May my pupils practice self-restraint!/May my pupils find peace and tranquility of mind!

(When) the Soul attains self-sovereignty, becomes lord of the mind, it becomes lord of speech, the lord of the eyes, the lord of the ears, the lord of knowledge; then it becomes Brahman; its body is the boundless space, its essential nature is the reality, truth; its playground the life-force, its consciousness a state of bliss, it exists in serenity, in calmness, in peace, a state of immortality.


Q1. How does Taittiriya Upanishad view the mind?


In the first section the preceptor gives clear instructions to the aspirants on character building. He imparts to them rules of right conduct or right living in order to prepare themselves for the attainment of Brahma-Jnana or the knowledge of the Self. The second section deals with bliss of Brahman. The order of creation is described in this Valli. The third section deals with the story of Bhrigu, son of Varuna, who, under instructions from his father, understood Bliss or Brahman, after undergoing the required penance. In this section the description of the five Kosas or sheaths is clearly given.


Q2. How many Prana are there in Taittiriya Upanishad?


There are five pranas: prana, apana, vyana, udana and samana. Five senses of knowledge, five organs of action and five pranas make fifteen ways in which we contact things.


Q3. Who wrote Taittiriya Brahmana?


The Taittirīya Upanishad is associated with the Taittirīya school of the Yajurveda, attributed to the pupils of sage Vaishampayana. It lists as number 7 in the Muktika canon of 108 Upanishads.