MUNDAKA UPANISHAD

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Mundaka Upanishad

The three parts of the Mundaka Upanishad respectively discuss the varying levels of self-knowledge, the relation between one's existential aspect and supreme Consciousness, and the state of knowing Bramha characterised by satchitaanand. Excerpts:-

The sky is his head, his eyes the sun and the moon, the quarters his ears, his speech the Vedas disclosed, the wind his breath, his heart the universe, from his feet came the earth, he is indeed the inner Self of all things.


From him comes fire, the sun being the fuel, from the soma comes the rain, from the earth the herbs, the male pours the seed into the female, thus many beings are begotten from the Purusha.


From him come the Rig verses, the Saman chants, the Yajus formulae, the Diksha rites, all sacrifices, all ceremonies and all gifts, the year too, the sacrificers, the worlds, where the moon shines brightly, as does sun.


From him, too, gods are manifold produced, the celestials, the men, the cattle, the birds, the breathing, the rice, the corn, the meditation, the Shraddha (faith), the Satya (truth), the Brahmacharya, and the Vidhi (law).


FAQs


Q1. Why Mundaka Upanishad is important?

 

The Mandukya Upanishad describes four states of consciousness, namely waking (jågrat), dreaming (svapna), and deep sleep (suupti), which correspond to the Three Bodies Doctrine: The first state is the waking state, in which we are aware of our daily world.


Q2. What is taken from Mundaka Upanishad?


The Mundaka Upanishad is an ancient Sanskrit Vedic text, embedded inside Atharva Veda. The Mundaka Upanishad is the source of the phrase Satyameva Jayate, which is the national motto of India.


Q3. What is the major of Mundaka?


It is a Mukhya (primary) Upanishad, and is listed as number 5 in the Muktika canon of 108 Upanishads of Hinduism. It is among the most widely translated Upanishads.