Numerous peoples of the subcontinent swear by the Awadhi version of the great Indian epic. Written by the prolific Tulsidas, Ramacharitmanas captures the essence of what devotion means in the Orient. In terms of medieval Indian poetry, Tulsidas' Ramayana belongs to the Sagun school of the Bhakti literature movement. There is a rebellious angle to this popular version of the Ramayana - the fact that it was written in the Awadhi vernacular came as a challenge to the dominance of Bramhanical Sanskrit of the time.
Q1. What is the
difference between Tulsidas Ramayana and Valmiki Ramayana?
Both are based on the life of Lord Ram but the main
difference between the two is their author and the time when they were written.
written by Sage Valmiki in Treta Yuga (Rama
was born at the end of the Second Age or Treta-yuga and he came into the world
specifically at the bidding of the gods to deal with the fearsome multi-headed
demon Ravana). Ramcharitmanas was
written by Tulsidas in Kaliyuga (Hindus
believe that human civilization was spiritually degraded during the Kali Yuga
era. This era is called the Dark Age because people are as far away from God as
possible.). Valmiki has used the ‘Shlokas’
format in Ramayana, while Tulsidas has used the ‘Chaupais’ format in
Q2. Why did
Akbar imprison Tulsidas?
Tulsidas was invited by Mughal
Emperor Akbar in his court to display his magical powers after hearing a
lot about the poet from Khan-e-Khana Rahim and Toder Mal. When Tulsidas
declined, he was imprisoned. It was during this time in prison Tulsi Das
started writing Hanuman
Q3. How old is
Tulsidas died at the age of 91 on 31 July 1623
(Shravan month of the year Vikram 1680) in Assi Ghat on the bank of the river
Ganga. Assi Ghat is one of the many ghats of Ganga River. It is believed to be
the last of 80 holy ghats in Varanasi
in ancient times. To most visitors to Varanasi, it is known for being a place
where long-term foreign students, researchers, and tourists live. With hosting
Subah-e-Banaras in the morning, Assi ghat provides a spectacular notion of
Q4. How does
Chandrabati's Ramayana challenge the Ramayana narrative of Valmiki and
Chandrabati often intrudes into the text and
directly addresses the characters herself. The Chandrabati Ramayana does not tell
us about the route of Rama, but it tells us all about the life's journey of a
woman – a complete biological life-cycle – her birth, her marriage, her
pregnancy, childbirth, maturity and death.
Q5. What is the
real name of Tulsidas?
Tulsidas was born as Rambola Dubey. According to a
legend, Tulsidas took 12 months to come out in this world, till then he stayed
in the womb of his mother. He had 32 teeth from his birth and looked like a
five-year-old boy. After his birth, he started enchanting the name of Rama
instead of crying. That’s why he was named Rambola, he himself stated in Vinaya
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