Q1. What are the three main
principles of Hindu Philosophy?
following are the three principles
Dharma: This concept implies that it is
morally obligatory for every individual to do what is right and lead a pious
Karma: This concept implies that every
individual has to face the consequence of his or her actions and desires. Good
deeds are rewarded and bad deeds are punished.
Moksha: When an individual dies, his soul lives on by
migrating into another body. It means that the soul is immortal and never dies.
Reaches enlightenment, which frees a person from suffering and unites the soul
with Brahman (Aatmana).
Q2. What is the main idea of Hindu
One of the key thoughts of
Hinduism is “atman,” or the belief in the soul. This philosophy holds that
living creatures have a soul, and they're all part of the supreme soul.
Pursuing Moksha is the ultimate spiritual goal of Hinduism. To reach a point
where one detaches himself from the feelings and perceptions that tie him to
the world, leading to the realization of the soul (atman) connected with the
universal (Brahman). To get to this point, one can pursue various paths: the
way of knowledge, the way of appropriate actions or works, or the way of
devotion to God.
Q3. What are the 6 systems of Hindu
The Nyaya System : The knowledge could be acquired
through: Pratyaksha (intuition), Anumana (inference), Upamana (comparison),
and Sahda (verbal testimony)
The Vaisesika System : Padartha is of six kinds: substance,
quality, activity, generality, particularity, and inherence
Sankhya System : There exist in the universe two
active principles called Purusha and Prakriti.
Yoga System : Liberation can be attained only
by methods of devotional exercises and mental discipline.
The Purva Mimansa : The soul is a reality and is
distinct from the body and the senses.
Uttar Mimansa (Vedanta) : The basic text is Brahma Sutras
attributed to Badarayana.
Q4. What are the two major
philosophies of Hinduism?
as Darshan, they are-
Samkhya – A strongly dualist theoretical
exposition of consciousness and matter.
Yoga – emphasizes practical use:
meditation, contemplation, and liberation.
Nyaya or logic – explores sources of knowledge.
Vaisheshika – A pragmatist school of atomism.
Mimaṃsa – deals with the correct
interpretation of the verses in Vedas.
Vedanta – Vedanta is also referred to as
nastika do not accept the authority of the Vedas.
Charvaka: accepted the existence of a free
denied the existence of a free will.
based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha.
based on the teachings of twenty-four teachers or Tirthankaras.101
Q5. What is the original source of
the world's oldest religious tradition founded upon the ancient surviving text
of humanity in Sanskrit: the Vedas.
Regarded as having been composed around two thousand years before (BCE). Most
of the elements of Upanishadic philosophy can be found in their basic form in
the Vedas. Historians believe that the Rig-Veda came into existence some 2000
B.C. This Veda contains references to the Varna and Ashram systems, the
fundamental elements in the social organization of the Aryans. Shrutis- Veda is
considered as the main source of Hindu law. In Hinduism, there are four Vedas
Email a Friend