The Indian philosophical systems, known as darsanas, generally treat their subject under four major headings: the Causes of the universe; creation or evolution of the universe; nature of the individual soul; the goal of human life and means of achieving it. Though the Bhagavad Gita is not a systematic treatise on philosophy it is possible to deal with its subject matter under these headings. It may not be out of place to mention here that the colophon given at the end of each chapter of the Gita viz., Upanishad, Brahmavidya and Yogasastra, reflects its contents very well. It is an úpanishad’ or esoteric wisdom given by the teacher to a discipline on request. It is ‘brahmavidya’ since it deals with Brahman, the Absolute. It is Ýogashastra’ since it describes yoga or practical disciplines that help an aspirant to attain spiritual wisdom, the goal of life.
is the purpose of life according to the Gita?
The Bhagavad Gita, also
known as the manual of life, teaches us various lessons on how to lead a
purposeful life. It is a divine conversation between the Supreme Lord
Krishna and His devotee and friend Arjun. The Lord gives many instances in
the Gita that tell us the importance of the human form of life. He tells Arjun
that the ultimate goal of all living entities is to come out of the vicious
cycle of birth, death, old age, and disease, and to go back to the spiritual
world (a place of no miseries) from where the individual soul never returns to
the material world.
is Krishna’s philosophy of action?
Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, tells
Arjun in the Srimad
Bhagwat Geeta that the living entities, which are His parts and parcels,
should engage in their prescribed duties (According to Varnashrama Dharma)
but should be detached from the results of their actions. The Lord also
explains that all work should be done as a sacrifice for Vishnu and in this
way, the individual soul always remains free from material bondage.
was Krishna’s philosophy in the Gita?
The Supreme Lord
Krishna instructed His dearmost devotee and friend Arjun about the three
modes of material nature (Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas) and how the living entities
(Jiva) that are parts and parcels of the Supreme Lord (Ishvara) engage in
different activities (Karma) and suffer or enjoy their results. With the
influence of Time (Kaal), a powerful force of the Supreme Lord, everything is
destroyed. The Lord tells Arjun that the nature of this material world is that
it is temporary and full of miseries. Therefore, the only solution to get out
of this material existence is to surrender to the Lord and work for Him. In
this way, the conditioned soul gets liberated and enters into the spiritual
world where there are no miseries.
is the philosophy of the Bhagavad Gita?
The Bhagavad Gita is
the most relevant book for solving everyday problems. It opens the secret of
five subject matters: the Supreme Lord (Ishvara), the living entity (Jiva), the
material nature (Prakriti), work or action (Karma), and time (Kaal). Among
these five, the living entities are the superior energy of the Lord. Whereas,
the material nature is the inferior energy. The living entities engage in different
activities according to the three modes of material nature and the Kaal offers
them either happiness or distress. However, to get out of the cycle of birth
and death, the living entities need to surrender unto the lotus feet of the
Supreme Lord and go back to the spiritual world.
Bhagavad Gita a philosophical work?
Yes, Bhagavad Gita presents the perfect philosophy
about the Absolute Truth, that which never changes and applies to everyone and
forever. Lord Krishna explains to Arjun in the Gita about the constitutional
identity or position of the living entities, their relationship with Him (the
Supreme Lord), and how to establish it. He also tells him about the nature of
this material world and what is the ultimate goal or purpose of all living
entities. Whoever tries to follow the instructions of Lord Krishna given in the
Gita certainly attains the highest perfection of life.
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