These bhajans and kirtanas may be set to classical tunes and sung by experts; or to simple popular tunes to even folk-tunes, so that the masses can easily follow. The latter is sometime called namavali-bhajans'. Groups of singers of bhajanas, going round a village or a town or a temple is still a common sight, especially in rural India.
Institutions known as 'bhajana-mathas' have also come into existence, to organise congregational singing. Such singing, organised by the singers of different religious cults has resulted in different 'bhajana-paddhatis' or traditions of bhajanas.
Singing of tevarams and prabandhams of the saints of Tamilnadu, the dasapadas and vacanas of Karnataka, the abhangas of Maharastra, the Vaisnava kirtanas, the baul songs and the Kali-kirtanas of Bengal, the bargits of Sankaradeva and his followers in Assam, the bhajanas of Mira, Tulasidas,
Kabir, Suradas and Nanak form the various bhajana-paddhatis or traditions of devotional songs.
Here you will find a large collection of books on bhajan and kirtan.
Q1. What is the purpose of a
Bhajans provide us with a therapeutic effect. Help
us in establishing a stable emotional bond helps in calming and soothing our
mind, stress, and anxieties busters, and brings mental relaxation, highly
beneficial in removing blockages and maintaining balance in our chakras. They
enhance our connection with our soul, and Supreme Being.
Improve the flow of prana energy through our body, Enhances
friendly connections and relations. Aids in the release of dopamine- known as
the ‘feel-good ‘hormone, improves our analytical skills, and awareness and thus
makes us more attentive, Acts as anti-depressants, providing positive
vibrations and thoughts removing negative energies.
Q2. How many types of bhajan
To sing songs in praise of God and chant
god's name accompanied by instruments like taal (cymbals), mridangam, and
pakhawaj is known as Bhajan. There are two types of Bhajan, Chakri Bhajan, and
Chakri Bhajans involve the circular
movement of devotees. They also sing without breaks.
Songi Bhajan is a type where the
performers act as devotees and deliver dialogues in the form of devotional
songs. Songi Bhajan is a traditional Folk Musical performing Art. Participants
play folk music, sing, dance, and enact. Fast urbanization changed the
dimensions of infotainment and people lost interest in such traditional art
Q3. What is the difference
between kirtan and bhajan?
A bhajan is the “sharing” of a full song with an
intro, chorus, different stanzas, etc about God. It also means singing praise
and glories of the Lord, is generally sung either solo or duet. Kirtan means a
repetition, "narrating, reciting, and describing" (praise) of the
same short verse. Kirtan can also have a call-and-response format where one
person says the verse and the rest of the audience repeat after. Bhajan pleases
God but Kirtan is more beneficial as it engages all souls gathered for
sankirtan to collectively call the lord to come amidst them, and shower
blessings on the devotees.
Q4. What is the structure of
The ‘bhajan’ means reverence and originates from the
root word ‘bhaj’. Bhajans are accompanied by percussion instruments such as
tabla, dholak, or a tambourine, hand-held small cymbals (kartals) to maintain
the beat. A bhajan may be sung in a temple, a home, under a tree, near a river
bank, or a place of significance.
Bhajans are normally lyrical and based on melodic
ragas having no prescribed form, or set rules. Ideas from scriptures, legendary
epics, the teachings of saints, and loving devotion to a deity are typical
subjects in bhajans. Bhajans are composed and shared as a musical and arts
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