Q1. What are the three sources of
justice and a good conscience: true
justice can only be attained through the principle of fairness and
impartiality, Equity and good conscience.
Legislation: It is the most reliable source
of law in the present times. Through an act of the parliament, all the
provisions, rights, and liabilities of the parties are mentioned.
Referring to Precedent:
“Precedent” means following the decision of a higher court by a lower
court. At present, the decisions of the Supreme Court of India are binding on
all the lower courts and that of High courts is binding on all the lower courts
referring to various landmark cases.
Q2. How many types of Hindu law are
law can be divided into three categories: Classical Hindu Law; the Anglo Hindu
Law and Modern Hindu Law.
Classical Hindu law: Hindu jurisprudential texts
contain elaborate and careful philosophical reflections on the nature of law
structured along the lines of Muslim law practice, included the
extracted portions of the law from Dharmasastra and the use of court pandits in
British courts to aid British judges in interpreting Shastras.
Modern Hindu Law: The three sources of modern law
are constitutional, statutory, and case law. Ranked as: first, second, and
third case laws respectively
Q3. Which is the oldest text of Hindu
law, the longest of any legal system in the world, was based on the Sanskrit
(composed between ca. 500 BCE and 500 CE.), and part of the eternal Vedas. The Law
Code of Manu, or Manu-smriti, (“Laws
of Manu”) also called Manava-dharma-shastra, traditionally the most
authoritative of the books of the Hindu code (Dharma-shastra) in India, is the
oldest Law Code on Hinduism from India.
is attributed to the legendary lawgiver, Manu. The Code
of Manu is a compilation of laws containing 2685 verses, reflecting Hindu
thought in the Buddhist period, preserved in a metrical recension, or survey.
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