I am happy to write foreword to the Monograph "YOGA AND AYURVEDA—their alliedness and scope as positive health sciences" authored by Dr. S. P. Mishra. This
monograph is based on the Doctoral thesis of the author submitted under my direct guidance and supervision for the degree of Banaras Hindu University. The
adjudicators of this doctoral thesis had highly appreciated this work and had unanimously recommended this work for publication.
This monograph discusses in detail the classical concepts of the science of Yoga, its ideology and practical aspects. It brings out specifically the health and therapeutic
potential of yoga and deliberates on future scope of yoga as a health science and therapy. It puts powerful arguments to suggest yoga as a branch of Ayurveda, the
ancient science of life. For the purpose of comparison the monograph adds few chapters on the fundamental principles of Ayurveda highlighting the basic and applied
similarities and alliedness of the two great oriental sciences, Yoga and Ayurveda.
Yoga and Ayurveda, both deal with the Sada Dhatvatmaka Purusa as described by Caraka in relation to the Brahma; the individual vs the universe or the self vs non-self.
It is in this context that Ayurveda propounds two broad streams of Cikitsa viz.-l) Naisthiki Cikitsa', 2) Laukiki Cikitsa. The Naisthiki Cikitsa is the branch of Ayurveda
which deals with spiritual aspects of life and helps man in getting absolute freedom from pain and suffering of the world through absolute reality. The Laukiki Cikitsa deals
with the gross ill health and its care through drugs, diet, exercise etc. The present day science of yoga essentially falls into the realm of Naisthiki Cikitsa although Yoga
also contributes a lot in Laukiki Cikitsa.
Although, in practice Yoga and Ayurveda are very much separated, conceptually they are very much allied. One finds elaborate description of the concept of Yoga and
yogic state in Ayurvedic texts like Caraka Samhita; though technical details are not seen. It is interesting see the concept of Satya Buddhi in Caraka Samhita which
strikingly simulates the concept of Rtambhara Prajna of Patanjali or Sthitprjna of Bhagvadgita. Caraka also describes in certain details the Astaisvaryas or special
attainments, a Yogi may afford to get. Interestingly Susruta Samhita proclaims that such a state adorned by Astaisvarya can also be achieved by using the devine drugs
‘Soma’. Besides, there are elaborate descriptions of the ethical practices of Yoga like Tama, Miyama in the context of Sadvrtta and Acara Rasayana in Ayurveda
On the other hand several Yogic texts including the classic of Patanjali and later writings on Hathayoga describe the problems of health and disease as also their care
and cure by use of Asanas, Pranayama, Kriya, Mudra, Bandha etc. They also refer to the Ayurvedic doctrine of Paneamahabhuta and Tridosa or more elaborately the
concept of Prana and Nadis. As a matter of fact the basic approach and the fundamentals of both the sciences, Yoga and Ayurveda, are the same, with variance of
emphasis on certain aspects.
Both these sciences are equally ancient and are Indian in origin. Certain scholars believe that both these sciences and a third one Vyakarana Mahabhasya were
developed by the same seer Patanjali-Yoga Sastra for purification of Manas or mind; Vyakarana Sastra for correction Vani or speech and Ayurveda for preservation of
Kaya or body. Thus these three sister sciences were developed simultaneously for the care of mind, body and speech and hence they are allied to each other and they
derive extensively from each other. Cakrapani, the principal commentator on Caraka Samhita, quotes this possibility in the very first chapter of his commentary.
Besides the above cited ancient and conceptual linkage, Ayurveda and Yoga are proceeding towards more purposeful union in present times. The contemporary
Ayurveda is reorganising as a holistic system of medicine and is reviving as a full health science to meet the newer challenges of medicine today. In this endeavour a
joint front of Yoga anal Ayurveda will be a great welcome. The contemporary Yoga which has rapidly emerged out of traditional spiritualism, mysticism and cobwebs of`
mystery is now standing as a SCICHIIHC discipline, its main stream of prospective development being in the direction of health science and therapy. Thus Yoga and
Ayurveda need to collaborate to compensate each other to form a full science of health from the orient. Modern scientific methods may be applied to study and evaluate
these ancient sciences to bring them in the main stream of health care system.
Yoga should be taught as a major subject in the curriculum of Ayurvedic studies both at Post graduate and undergraduate level. Yoga may contribute substantially (1) at
the level of teaching of fundamentals principles, (2) at the level of Swasthavrtta and preventive-promotive medicine and (3) at the level of therapy as treatment of a variety
of diseases. It is high time that teaching and practice of Yoga is incorporated in the curriculum at all the above levels. Similarly there is a need to expose all Yoga
practitioners and teachers to Ayurveda. Yoga has a sound philosophy and elaborate practical technology but it has little pathology and diagnostics, while Ayurveda is a
full medical science with its own fundamental principles, life and health concepts, pathology, diagnostics and therapy. Thus putting both together, a complete system of
It is at the most appropriate time that this monograph is coming out of the press. This timely publication will a help in accelerating the idea of collaboration of Yoga and
Ayurveda and their adoption in the main stream of medical practice. The author of this monograph Dr. S. P. Mishra who has been my colleague for a number of years
deserves congratulations for having brought out such an original work. Dr. Mishra is now a senior faculty member in Ayurveda at Sampurnanand Samskrit University of
Varanasi, India. With all good contents it is hoped that the present book will be received highly by scholars and practitioners of Ayurveda and Yoga. Let us hope many
more such contributions from the pen of this young writer in future. With greetings to prospective readers.
I am happy to present the monograph "YOGA AND AYURVEDA” before the readers. This monograph is based on my Doctorate thesis submitted to Banaras Hindu
University some years earlier. Yoga and Ayurveda are equally old and ancient Indian sciences practised in India from antiquity and are now under active phase of revival
and development. Although they are being developed independently, they are highly complementary to each other. The author feels that there is a need to emphasise the
features of alliedness of these two sciences in order to encourage more and more collaboration and suitable utilisation in health care programme.
It will be useful to adopt many aspects of Ayurveda, specially its Basic Principles, preventive and promotive health practices, dietetics and non pharmacological
therapies to the practice of Yoga. Similarly yoga may be added to Ayurveda as a major component of health care and therapy. The present monograph identifies the
contents and approaches of these two sciences and highlights -their alliedness and scope of further integration.
At national level some collaboration has already been initiated. C.C.I.M, has introduced yoga in the training programme of undergraduate studies in Ayurveda. It is hoped
that with the publication of this monograph the two sciences will come more and more nearer to benefit each other on academic levels to help the health care delivery
system in better care of the people.
This monograph describes the main features of Ayurveda and yoga and attempts to highlight the similarties and areas of possible mutual integration. All statements
made in this monograph are supported with original textual references accommodated as footnotes on each page for the sake of convenience of readers. At the end of
the monograph a comprehensive bibliography on yoga has been added which provides a pooled information on contemporary yoga. There is a lot of scope of
improvement of this writeup and the author will be highly thankful to the readers of this monograph if they communicate their criticisms, observations and suggestions to
him for encorporation in the next edition.
I am thankful to the authorities of Banaras Hindu, University for granting permission to publish this thesis as a monograph. I am specially thankful to Professor R.H.
Singh, Deptt. of Kayachikitsa Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University for inspiring me to publish this work in the present form. I am also thankful to
Professor G. P. Dubey Deptt. of Basic Principles Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University for valuable suggestions. Thanks are due to Mr. Rajendra
Kumar of Chaukhambha Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi for taking necessary steps for publishing this monograph.
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