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Vaikhanasasmartasutram: The Domestic Rules and Sacred Laws of The Vaikhanasa School Belonging to The Black Yajurveda

Vaikhanasasmartasutram: The Domestic Rules and Sacred Laws of The Vaikhanasa School Belonging to The Black Yajurveda
Item Code: IDG348
Author: Translated Into English By: W. Caland
Publisher: The Asiatic Society
Edition: C03A3
ISBN: 8172361211
Pages: 246
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details: 9.5" X 6.5"
weight of the book: 540 gms


The Vaikhanasa-Sutra belonging to the Trivandrum Sanskrit Series has been edited by Dr. W. Caland and translated into English with a learned introduction. This sutra-text forms part of the Black Yajurveda tradition and derives its name probably from Vaikhanas who was its author. The work contains two types of Sutras-the Grhya and the Dharma which together may be designated as Smarta-sutra There is no doubt that both the portions have definitely one author, since the style of the Grhya and Dharma-sutras is the same. Moreover, the author himself promises to continue a topic discussed in the Grhya-portion again in the books on Dharma. The work is on the whole a small one but it contains in the main the same materials as are treated by its predecessors.

We are glad to announce that after a gap of more than seventy years, Caland's translation of the Vaikhanasa-smarta-sutra is being reprinted. Scholars of Indology would certainly be benefitted with this unique piece of work.


11 March, 2002

Manabendu Banerjee
General Secretary




Foreword iii
A. The Grhya-sutra 1
  Enumeration of the "sacraments," I. 1. 1
  Rules for bathing for the four orders of religious life; the sipping of water without and with mantars, I. 2. 3
  The bath without mantras and with mantras; the occasional bath, the twilight devotion, I. 3. 5
  The tarpana or daily offering of libations of water, I. 4. 9
  Subsidiary rules for bathing; the tirthas of the hand, the manner of wearing the sacred string, I. 5. 12
  The Punyaha or ceremony of blessing, I. 6-7 13
  The place for the fire for domestic worship, the requisites for the sacrifice, I. 8. 16
  The normal paradigma of a sacrifice, I. 9-21; the aghara, I. 9-15 17
  The Nandimukhasraddha, II. 1-2 37
  The Initiation into the study of the Veda, II. 3-11; the various vratas, II. 10-11 41
  The ceremony of opening the annual course of study, II. 12. 56
  The final ritual of the study of the Veda, II. 13-17; the reception of a guest, II. 15th-16 58
  The daily sacrifice into the breath, II. 18. 65
  The marriage, III 1-4 66
  The rite of the fourth day, III. 5a 72
  The duties of the newly married pair, III. 5b-6. 74
  The "All-gods-sacrifice," III. 7. 75
  The ceremony performed on impregnation, III. 8. 77
  The union at the end of the period of menstruation, III. 9. 79
  The ceremony to secure conception, III. 10. 80
  The rite to ensure the birth of a male child, III. II. 81.
  The parting of the hair, III. 12. 82
  The worship of Visnu, III. 13. 82
  The ceremony at birth, III 14-15 83
  The rite at the foundation of a house. III 16-17 87
  The getting up from childbed, III. 18. 90
  The name-giving, III. 19-20 91
  The name-day rite, III. 20-21 92
  The first partaking of solid food, III. 22a. 95
  The ceremony at the return from a Journey, III. 22b. 96
  The "increasing of the rice-balls," III. 22c 97
  The rite of tonsure, III. 23. 97
  The mess of boiled rice, IV. 1. 99
  The partaking of the first fruits, IV. 2. 102
  The Astaka, IV. 3-4 103
  The Pindapitryajna, IV. 5-6 108
  The sraddha, IV. 7. 112
  The Caitri-sacrifice, IV. 8. 113
  The Asvayuji-sacrifice, IV. 9. 113
  The daily worship of Visnu, IV. 10-12 114
  The appeasing of the planets, IV. 13-14 118
  Funeral rites, V. 121
Introductory; the way of death, V. 1. 121
The rites in the house of the deceased; the conveyance of the corpse to the cremation-ground, V. 2-3 124
The corps on the pyre, V. 4. 130
The cremation, V. 5. 133
The return from the place of cremation, etc., V. 6. 136
The first ten days after a death has occurred, V. 7. 139
Funeral rites of yogins, V. 8. 140
Abnormal cases of death, V. 10. 141
Death of little children, V. 10. 142
Persons whose cremation is forbidden, V. II. 143
Cremation of the effigy, V. 12. 144
The ekoddisatasraddha, V. 13. 144
Monthly sraddhas and sapindikarana, V. 14-15 147
Prayascittas VI. 151
  For the aghara, Vi. 1. 151
  For the niseka and the nandimukha, VI. 2. 153
  For the garbhadhana, etc., VI. 3. 154
  For birth and name-giving, VI. 4. 155
  For the naksatra-sacrifice, etc., VI. 5. 156
  For the sacraments in common, VI. 6. 157
  For the initiation, VI. 7-9. 158
  The renewed initiation, VI. 10. 161
  Prayascitta for the study of the Veda, VI. 11. 162
  For the marriage, VI. 12. 163
  For parivitti and parivedana, VI. 13-14 164
  For the daily sacrifices, VI. 16. 166
  The punaradhana, VI. 16. 167
  The five "great offerings," Vi. 17. 169
  Prayascitta for the Vaisvadeva, etc., VI. 18. 170
  For the offerings of cooked food, VI. 19-20 171
Prayascittas for the funeral rites, VII. 173
  General remarks, VII. 1. 173
  Special rites, VII. 2-3 175
  Evil deaths, VII. 4. 177
  The period of impurity, VII. 5-6 178
  Prayascittas for the ekoddista, VII. 7. 180
  For the sapindikarana and the astaka, VII. 8. 181
  The pretadhana, VII. 9. 182
B. The Dharma-sutra 183
  The different orders of religious life, VIII. 1. 183
  The Veda-student, VIII. 2. 184
  Different kinds of Veda-students, VIII. 3. 185
  The householder, VIII. 4. 186
  Different kinds of householders, VIII. 5. 187
  The hermit, VIII. 6. 188
  Different kinds of hermits, VIII. 7-8 189
  The ascetic, VIII. 9a 191
  Different kinds of ascetics, VIII. 10-11 194
  The entering of the order of a hermit, IX. 1-4a 197
  The mode of living and the obligations of the hermit, IX. 4b-5. 201
  The sannyasin, IX. 6-8 203
  Rules for all the orders, IX. 9. 206
  The sipping of water, etc., IX. 10. 207
  The manner of saluting, IX. 11. 208
  Interruption of the study, IX. 12. 209
  Midday-rite, IX. 13. 210
  Rules for bathing, IX. 14. 211
  Rules for eating, IX. 14-15 212
  General rules for a householder, X. 1. 214
Forbidden things and acts, X. 2. 214
Purification, X. 3-4 215
  General rules for a hermit, X. 5. 217
  General rules for an ascetic, X. 6-7 218
  Funeral rites for an ascetic, X. 8. 220
  The bali to Narayana, X. 9-10 221
  Pure and mixed castes, X. 11-15 223
  A. Subject matter 233
  B. Jatis 235
  C. Lexicographical 236
  D. Morphological and Syntactical 236

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