Item Code: IAC47
Author: H. SARKAR
Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
Language: English
Edition: 1993
ISBN: 8121505992
Pages: 128 (B & W Illus: 23, Figures: 26)
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 10.0" X 7.4"
About the Book

The present book is an unorthodox approach to the study of early Buddhist architecture in India, and the author has marshaled the archaeological evidence to prove his two-fold thesis. Firstly, how and why the Buddhist adopted different types of building-plans, e.g. elliptical, circular and apsidal in the different period of their history. Secondly, how the Buddhist architecture was influenced and conditioned by the doctrines adopted by the Buddhist sects and sub -sect. Thus, the author has not merely shown a development within the Buddhist thought, consequent to the emergence and formation of different ideological group, but also the mutation of Buddhist ideology with their architecture. In this the author has made substantial use of the material from the Buddhist sites and in particular from the excavated material from Taxila and the Nagarjunakonda. Thus, basing his studies primarily on archaeological data, the author has, with an empirical objectivity, succeeded in proving his these. The book, divided into seven chapters, each showing a new approach has another contribution to make - the recognition, for the first time, of elliptical structure. It is also for the first time that ethnological and literary data has been combined with the archaeological material to trace the development of different types of building-plans.

The author, who has been actively associated with the study of Buddhist remains in India and in particular at Nagarjunakonda, as a member of the Archaeological Survey of India, is eminently suited to critically evaluate the subject. The present book bears testimony to his acumen.

About the Author

H. Sarkar was Director in Archaeological Survey of India, New Delhi. He was a prolific writer and contributed extensively to various journals both in India and abroad. He was also responsible for editing the Proceedings of XXVIth International Congres of Orientalists held at New Delhi.

    List of illustrations
    Chapter one

    The beginning
    Chapter two

    Elliptical structure
    Chapter three

    The stupa-shrines
    1. Circular
    2. Apsidal
    3. Quadrilateral
    4. Asoka's contribution
    5. Resume
    Chapter four

    1. Location of the settlements
    2. Lay-worshippers and the Buddhist snagha
    3. Appearance of Buddha-image
    4. The griha-stupas
    5. The principal stupa
    6. General observation
    Chapter five

    1. Sects mentioned in epigraphs and their establishments
    2. Classification of the establishments
      1. Unit consisting of stupa, and monastery
      2. Unit consisting of stupa, monastery and Chaitya-griha withstupa
      3. Unit consisting of stupa, monastery and Chaitya-griha with Buddha-image
      4. Unit consisting of monastry and chaitya-griha
      5. Isolated stupas
    3. The votive stupas
    4. The Stupas
    5. The monasteries
    6. Conclusion
    Chapter six

    Sects and archaeological evidence
    Select bibliography

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