The function of the brain in the process of conceiving an idea and conveying it in speech is very important. Sages of the Upanisads understood that Buddhi (intellect) has its seat in the brain. They realized that when a word is uttered it makes an impression in the brain so that when the word is pronounced at a later time it is identified. Similarly, an object perceived by sense organs also leaves an impression in the brain. Once the sound impression and the object-impression are connected by reference, for instance, pronouncing a name by pointing to an object seen, an identification of the two impressions in the brain is established. Later when that name is uttered, the sound arouses or enlightens the impression in the hearer and he immediately understands the object. This impression, or molecule in brain is Sphota.
The work entitled "Sphota Concept of Bharatamisra" represents the work I did as a research student in the Department of Sanskrit, University of Kerala, under the guidance of Dr. K. Vijayan. My attempt in the main remains the study of the topics in connection with the establishment of the theory of Sphota dealt with in Sphota siddhi of Bharatamisra and his concept of Sphota. The work consists of five chapters.
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