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South Indian Inscriptions (Vol XXVII) (An Old Book)

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Item Code: NAW630
Author: Dr. M. D. Sampath
Publisher: ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA
Language: English and Kannada
Edition: 2010
Pages: 618
Cover: PAPERBACK
Other Details 11.50 X 8.50 inch
Weight 1.39 kg
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Preface

The present volume contains 465 inscriptions m all, reported in the different years of the Annual Report on Indian Epigraphy. Of these, except a few records, majority of the records are in Kannada language and script This volume was initially taken .up for editing by late Sri HK. Narasimhaswamy and the late Dr. B.R. GopaL By the time the manuscript of this volume was sent to the press they were not alive, Since the manuscript of the volume could not be completed by then, the same was taken up for editing by me and Sri Madhav N. Katti, It was, therefore, decided to get this volume press ready and printed through Tamil Nadu Government Central Press at Chennai.

Sri Kailasanathan, Managing Director, M/S Microsense Computers Pvt, Ltd., has prepared a software for the Kannada script used in this volume. Our sincere thanks ire due to him.

The Works Manager, Deputy Works Manager, Asst Works Manager and other Officers of Tamil Nadu Government Central Press came forward to undertake this volume for printing. The computer operators Sri K. Delli Raju, Sri G. Ramamurthy, Sri K. Subramani and Sri TS, Baranikumar who are experts in several languages and scripts have done a commendable job in composing this volume. Our sincere thanks are due to these officers.

Sri. M. Jayarama Sharma, Superintending Epigraphist had spared no pains to see that this volume comes out of the press. We are thankful t him for his valuable help.

Dr. CA Padmanabha Sastri and Sri. D.M. Nagaraju, Deputy Superintending Epigraphists have gone through the proof pages and helped us in several ways. Our sincere thanks are due to these officials for their effort and interest in the printing of this volume.

We are deeply beholden to Smt Komal Anand, IAS., Director General, Sri. SB. Mathur, IAS., Additional Director General, Sri. Umesh Kumar, Director (Administration and Publication) for their kind encouragement in the preparation of this Volume.

Introduction

This volume containing 465 inscriptions in all, noticed in the Annual Reports on Indian Epigraphy between 1928-29 and 1944-45, were copied from the villages the districts of old Madars presidency Of these, except a few records, most of the records are in Kannada language and script. They are of interest from the point of view of political, socio-economic and religious aspects The discussion on the importance of records is confined to area-wise and chronological framework within that region. The early ruling dynasties like the Nolambas and the Rashtrakutas are represented here. One of the early ruling families of Karnataka that figure in this volume is that of the Nolambas An inscription from Kanneluru in Jammalamadugu Taluk, Cuddapah District (No. 7) belonging to this family, can be assigned to c. 8th century. In this record the name of the king is missing, Only the expression varsha, a part of the title of one of the kings, is mentioned in the extant portion. It refers to Durggamara-Ereyappa, as the governor of the territory extending from Nariyanur to Kirudore, He is identical with Duggamara Ereyappa, son of Sripurusha. of the Ganga family whose Rashtrakuta contemporary was Dhruva Therefore, the present record may be assigned to the reign of Rashtrakuta Dhruva whose title was Dharavarsha.

Among the Nolamba records, the record from Magandlapalle (No.6) In Punganur Taluk, Chittoor District belonging to the period of Iriva Nolamba is of some interest. It is an undated record in characters of about the 10th century AD. It mentions that the king, while camping at Kinduraponne in Paruvi-nadu, conferred the title of Pallavaditya-Nolamba- gavunda on one Basavayya, son of Magara Birana-gavunda of Puli-nadu, besides the village Nagekunte being granted as a kodange to him The king held the titles Ghateyankakara and Pallavaditya. He is referred to as a younger brother of Ekavakyadeva or Vakyadeva It is probable that Vira- Mahendra II• of the Karshanapalle record (S.I.I., Vol IX, pt. I, No. 39) had two sons, Ekavakyadeva and Iriva-Nolamba Ghateyankakara It has been held by various scholars that Vakyadeva and Iriva-Nolarnba Ghateyankakara are identical (Indian Culture, Vol. VI, pp. 429 ff.). This is due to a wrong reading of Nelapalle record, where atana magam was read as Amogha and Vakyadeva who was thus considered as Amoghadeva Shri N. L. Rao (Indian Culture, Vol VII, pp. 366 ff.) had, on the other hand taken Vakyadeva a, the son of Mahendra II, while Iriva-Nolarnba Ghateayankakara figures in his genealogy as Vakyadeva's younger brother. This is the correct identification, made in the work in the Chittoor Through The Ages, 1980, Delhi, p. 53. by Dr. M D. Sampath based upon the revised reading of the Nelapalle inscription This record clearly shows that Mahendra n had a son vakyadeva, who is also called Ekavakyadeva, in the record under discussion and whose younger brother (tamma) was Iriva-Nolarnba Ghateyankakara.

Among the Kalyana Chalukya inscriptions, the record from Erramatham in Nandikotkur TaIuk, Kurnool District (No. 17) belong; to the reign of king Bhuvanaikamalla (Somesvara ll). It states that while the king was camping at Bankapura, his chief was mahamandalesvara Satyarasa, who bears the title Tagarapuravaresvara. He is said to have belonged to the Jimuta-vahana lineage and described as a devotee of god Mallikar junadeva, It states that, this chief got the temple of Bikkesvara built in the name of his father Bikkesarasa and granted the income accrued from taxes muyipu- kanike and kolungele out of his manneya for providing worship, offering; and maintaining a lamp for the above deity as well as for the feeding of the ascetics in the satra (charity or feeding house) attached to Sadyojita- pandita of Edeya-matha on the day of Chaitra-punname in the cyclic year Rakshasa in the Saka year WI (1075 AD.)

The identification of the above two chiefs viz., Bikkeyarasa and Satyarasa will help us to understand the political set up of the feudatory families. On the basis of the title Tagarapuravaresvara (the lord of Tagarapura), the lineage of Jimuta-vahana, and the reference to the rule of the king from Bankapura, it may be suggested that they belong to a branch of the Silahara family. There are about twelve branches of this family of which the major ones are those from North Konkan, South Konkan and Kolhapurr regions. The place Tagarapura has already been identified with rer in Osmanabad District, Maharashtra These chiefs, though obviously belonged to the Silahsra family, yet are not the same as the Silaharas of Basavura, whose chief Kaliyammarasa was the governor of Basavura under Somesvara II on the above date.

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