Siva Purana (Uttarakhanda): Text with English Translation And Introduction

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Item Code: IDG617
Publisher: Nag Publication
Author: Dr. U. N. Dhal
Language: English
Edition: 2014
ISBN: 8170815207
Pages: 815
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 8.7" X 5.8"
Weight 1 kg
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Book Description


Lord Siva is regarded as one of the most popular gods of the Hindu pantheon. He is more well-known among the masses than the classes. Beginning from the Rgveda onwards though well received, his popularity is more acclaimed in the Puranas as the storehouse of popular religion and culture. Of the eighteen principal Mahapuranas, as many as nine viz., (1) Skanda, (2) Linga, (3) Kurma, (4) Vamana, (5) Varaha, (6) Bhaisya, (7) Matsya, (8) Markandeya, (9) Vayu sing the glory of the lord. Above all stands the Siva Purana which exclusively glorifies Siva and his exploits.

The Siva Purana is believe to be more composite and an unwieldy work, sections of which "were written by different hands in different climes and ages". But it is still preserved in different recensions. The Vangavasi press (edition) consists of six Samhitas or parts like-(1) Jnana Samhita, (2) Vidyesvara, (3) Kailasa, (4) Sanatkumara, (5) Vayaviya Purvabhaga and Uttarabhaga and (6) Dharma. The other two editions published in (1) Venkatesvara press, Bombay and (2) Pandit Pustakalaya, Kasi carry seven Samhitas each and contain the following: (1) Vidyesvara-, (2) Rudra-, (3) Satarudra-, (4) Kotirudra-, (5) Uma-, (6) Kailasa-and (7) Vayaviya-, whereas the Vangavasi edition contains 290 Adhyayas, the other two contain 451 Adhyayas each. The number of verses varies from the Vangavasi edition to the other group and is believed to have one lac verses as related in the Vayaviya Samhita.

Haraprasad Shastri informs us in the Notices of Sanskrit MSS IV, pp. 220-3, Nos, 298-299 about the Siva Purana, which is divided into two parts viz., (1) Purvakhanda and (2) Uttarakhanda. The Purvakhanda contains 3270 slokas in 51 chapters. It was preserved in Mahimprakas Brahmacari Matha, Pandita Baladeva Brahmacari in Puri in Nagari character. And the Uttarakhanda in Uria character is preserved there, which contains 45 chapters. The Purvakhanda of the present Siva Purana is nothing but the present Sanatkumara Samhita (No. 4) of the Vangavasi edition.

H. H. Wilson in his introduction to the Visnu Purana (P. LIVf) includes Siva Purana as one of the eighteen Upapuranas. It is distributed into two parts and contains about six thousand stanzas. The part one (Purvakhanda) is related by Sanatkumara to Vyasa and the Rsis at Naimisaranya etc. but the second part (Uttarakhanda) is made up the almost wholly Saiva stories (Gunakarmani) as the defeat of Tripurasura, the sacrifice of Daksa, the births of Kartikeya and Ganesa, the sons of Siva, and Nandi and Bhrngariti his attendants and others, together with descriptions of Banaras and other places of pilgrimage, and rules for observing such festivals as the Sivaratri.

I have taken up this Siva Purana (Uttarakhanda) part two for the present study. Since the part one or Purvakhanda of Siva Purana is already included in the Vangavasi edition and translated into Bengali and is of general character, I have reserved it for future study. The second part (Uttarakhanda) besides dilating on exploits of Siva, dwells at length on the glory of the lord in Orissa in general and the Ekamraksetra and other places of Sivaite importance in Orissa particular.

The present work is divided into five sections. The first one introduces the cult in general. A brief discussion on the Siva Purana (U) and its claim as an Upapurana or as an independent work is related. The second section deals with the probable sources including the Vedic Puranic literature and the other classical literature. This section clearly points out how it derives inspiration from the works of Kalidasa, the immortal poet laureate of India. The third section discusses the major exploits of Siva including the birth stories of Parvati and other members of Siva's family. Beside pointing to certain legends to glorify the Sivaratri Vrata, it incorporates one special event in Siva's career namely Rasakrida of Siva. For the critical edition of the Siva Puranna (Uttarakhanda) different Manuscripts of the text are duly collated to have a standard reading of the work and is included in the fourth section. The last section deals with the English rendering of the critical text to give clear insight into the contents. In case of the translation of the text. It is rightly said that it can be either beautiful or faithful but not both. In the present case I have tried to provide a overall picture of the text in general.

I am grateful to the Superintendant, Orissa state Museum, Bhubaneswar, Pandit Srinivasa Ratha, in charge of Manuscript, Parija library, Manuscript section, Utkal University for their kind help and cooperation. I am grateful to the U. G. C. for their financial support for preparation of the manscript.

I must express deep gratitude to pandit Somanatha Ratha, Dr. B. Panda, formerly editor, Publication wing of the Cultural Affairs Department, Government of Orissa and Professor Dr. K. S. Behera Head of the Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology, Utkal University for their valuable help and cooperation in preparing this work, MY sisncere thanks go to Dr. K. C. Dash, Department of History, Dhenkanal College, Dhenkanal, Orissa for his regular encouragement. Last but not the least I remember late Nag Sharan Singh, Nag Publishers, Delhi for his whole-hearted patronage for the encouragement of Puranic studies. I take this Pratap for taking up this publication in right earnest. I thanks Sri H. B. Ghadei for his secretarial work in record time.


About the Book:

Siva purana is very popular in the hierarcy of the Purana literature and has undergone various editions and differ one from the other in contents and volume. Though consisting of tow parts, the present edition exclusively deals with the second part (Uttarabhaga) only. The edition is divided into five sections. The Section one introduces the Siva Cult in general in broader prospective. As to the analysis of the source of the work, the second section highlights the sources from which it has derived inspiration. In the third section the study of the problems arising out of its contents is discussed. The fourth section deals with the manuscripts on which the present edition is based and the critical text proper is included. The last section deals with the details contents of the text. It is followed by the selection Bibliography on the study.


About the Author:

Sri Upendra nath Dhal was Reader in Sanskrit, at Utkal University for a pretty long time. He had the M.A. (Sanskrit), M. A. (Oriya), B.Ed and Ph.D. form the Utkal University. His more than seventy articles on Indology and Culture have appeared in various scholarly journals and other volumes in India. Of his publications Goddess Laksmi: Origin and Development is his magnum opus. His other works include The Glory that was Viraja Ksetra, Ekamra Purana, Praci Mahatmya, Mahisasura in Art and thought, critical edition of Bhaktivaibhava etc. He is currently working on the Iconography of the Puranas.



  Preface iii-vi
Section I Introduction 1-20
Chapter-1 The Genesis of the Siva Cult. 3-15
Chapter-2 The Siva Purana (U)-An 16-20
Section II Source of the work 21-51
Chapter-1 The Siva Purana (U), and the Vedic Literature 23-24
Chapter-2 The Siva Purana (U), and Visnu Purana and Brahma Purana 25-25
Chapter-3 The Siva Purana (U), and Sthalamahatmyas of Orissa 26-28
Chapter-4 The Siva Purana (U_ and the Kumarasambhava of Kalidasa 29-49
Chapter-5 Date of the Siva Purana (U) 49-51
Section III Studies 53-112
Chapter-1 Exploits of Siva (A) Tripurabadha 55-60
Chapter-2 Exploits of Siva (B) Daksayajnadhvamsa 61-67
Chapter-3 Exploits of Siva (C) Brahamamragabadha legend 68-73
Chapter-4 Exploits of Siva (D) Amrtamanthana 74-78
Chapter-5 The legend of the birth of Uma and Skanda-Karttikeya 79-83
Chapter-6 Rise of Ganesa and his position in Siva's Hierarchy 84-89
Chapter-7 The Myth of the birth of Siva Ganas 90-92
Chapter-8 Incarnation of Siva 93-97
Chapter-9 Kailasa, the abode of Siva 98-101
Chapter-10 Rasakrida of Siva in ekamraksetra 102-105
Chapter-11 Religious observances in Honour of Siva 106-108
Chapter-12 Is it a recension of Orissa? 109-112
Section IV Critical 113-126
Chapter-1 Critical apparatus 115-124
Chapter-2 Testimonia 125-126
Section V English Translation 127-795
Adhyaya-I Dialogue of Bhrgu and Vyasa between Brahma and Visnu as to the root of the Phallus; Ketaki stands as witness and cursed by Visnu, Siva is extolled. 135-149
Adhyaya-II Dialogue of Bhrgu and Vyasa on the glory of the later part of Siva Purana (Saivottara Purana) 127-134
Adhyaya-III Brahma eulogizes Siva with Mantras from the Vedas: greatness of (the Lingaraja-Tribhuvanesvara) emphasized by Siva; Brahma sings the glory of Lingaraja 150-171
Adhyaya-IV Twelve Joyirlingas of Siva, their location and adoration are narrated 172-190
Adhyaya-V Atrocities of Tripurasura, gods approach to Siva for his annihilation 191-200
Adhyaya-VI The fight of Tripura with Siva, and other gods-leading to his destruction. 201-213
Adhyaya-VII Tripurasura killed by Isvara, 214-224
Adhyaya-VIII Gods eulogized Siva for his service and his assurance for future support 225-237
Adhyaya-IX Marriage of Daksa's daughter 238-246
Adhyaya-X Siva's dalliance with Sati, Sati's request to Samkara to visit Daksayajna-description of the sacrifice-death of Sati by entering the sacrifice. 247-259
Adhyaya-XI Destruction of the sacrifice of Daksa 260-272
Adhyaya-XII Siva's exploits-Decapitation of Brahma in the shape of Mrga and the appearance of the Mrgasira Naksatra. 273-289
Adhyaya-XIII Siva's exploits-Decapitation of Brahma in shape of Mrga and the appearance of the Mrgasira Naksatra. 273-289
Adhyaya-XIV Heara's exploits- burning of Kandarpa, wailing of Rati 290-304
Adhyaya-XV Rati and consort of Kandara, is assured of getting her husband in Dvaparayuga as Pradyumna, son born of Vasudev and Rukmini 321-330
Adhyaya-XVI Uma returns From the penance, disappointed of her desires but visits the forest as a Brahama- carini, through rigorous penance tries to supplicate Siva, Siva in the guise of Jatila appears before her to test her fidelity and devotion, assured her union and disappears. 331-351
Adhyaya-XVII The daughter of the mountain in put to another test of Siva in the guise of a Crocodile catching a child. At last Siva married Gauri. 352-369
Adhyaya-XVIII Parvati and Siva engaged in love-making, their load of the bodies caused pressure on earth: instead of Parvati the semen of Siva was carried by Agni, Ganga etc., gave birth to Skanda; he was equipped with weapons and the carrier (Vahana)  
Adhyaya-XIX The birth of Ganesa, his rivalry with skanda; ultimate victory of Skanda; ultimate victory of Skanda, Ganesa provided with wives and children and well- known as Vighnaraja. 379-395
Adhyaya-XX Description of the Tirthayatra of Skanda. 396-415
Adhyaya-XXI The narration of the birth of Nandikesvara 416-430
Adhyaya-XXII Narration of the river Ganga its sacredness, its role to purity the off-spring of Sagara, the glory of the Tirtha, Manikarnika. 431-447
Adhyaya-XXIII The greatness of Varanasi Ksetra and the Sivalingas installed there-in. 448-468
Adhyaya-XXIV The narration of the Antargrhayatra in Varanasi and the glorification of the Sivalingas present there. 469-476
Adhyaya-XXV The description of the Pancakrosiyatra in the Varanasi Kestra 477-495
Adhyaya-XXVI The greatness of the Ekamra Kestra in Utakala (Orissa) is highly praised. Desirous of visiting the Saiva Ksetra Devi proceeds on the back of the lion; she meets two demons Kirti and Vasa there-they express their desire for her enjoyment. 496-513
Adhyaya-XXVII The story of the demons, Kirti and Vasa, Their destruction by the Goddess in the Guise of Gopalini (Cowherd woman): the emergence of Binduhrada to quench the thirst of the Goddess. 514-529
Adhyaya-XXVIII Narration of Rasakrida of Siva beside the Binduharada along with eight Saktis of Parvati. 530-544
Adhyaya-XXIX One hundred and eight names and epithets of Tribhuvanesvara are extolled. 545-552
Adhyaya-XXX The glory of Ekamravana and presence of various sivalingas etc., in different directions there and their greatness. 553-573
Adhyaya-XXXI The story of Visnu attaining Sudarasana Cakra from Siva is narrated. 576-586
Adhyaya-XXXII The legend of the churning of the ocean-Siva drank Kalakuta poison-eulogy of Siva by Varaha-Visnu. 587-598
Adhyaya-XXXIII Markandeya appeals Brahma, performs penance ultimately Mrtyunjaya-Siva is eulogized for granting longlife to the child Markandeya. 599-618
Adhyaya-XXXIV Sivaratri Vrata and the worship of Siva. 619-634
Adhyaya-XXXV Narrating the great result of Sivaratri Vrata - the legend of Krsna Sarma-his release from the curse. 635-655
Adhyaya-XXXVI Caturdasi-Nakta-Vrata In related- the glory of the Vrata is eulogized 656-662
Adhyaya-XXXVII The legend of Maryada-the glory of Samkara and his worship 663-6667
Adhyaya-XXXVIII The birth of Dasagriva as the son of Visrava and his demon wife-Ravana performed austere penance to please Siva-Vaidyanatha originates. 668-685
Adhyaya-XXXIX Ravana's rise to supremacy-Siva's grace brings the downfall of Ravana -Ravana is killed by Rama and got liberation. 686-698
Adhyaya-XL The Geographical position of Kailasa Mountain, the abode of Siva 699-718
Adhyaya-XLI Yugadharma is discussed 719-735
Adhyaya-XLII Vamadeva eulogizes Siva to be free from the influence of Kali age 736-749
Adhyaya-XLIII Vamadeva is emancipated 750-774
Adhyaya-XLIV Brahma desires for creation-Hara with active cooperation of Trilocana, Brahma creates all the beings by Him - the creation of different Kalpas. 775-787
Adhyaya-XLV The glory of Saivottara Purana. 788-795


Select Bibliography   797-802


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