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Shreemad Bhagavad Geeta (English Translation With Headings)

Shreemad Bhagavad Geeta (English Translation With Headings)
Item Code: NAJ744
Author: Swami Vidyananda Giri
Publisher: Shri Kailash Ashram, Rishikesh
Language: Sanskrit Text With English Translation
Edition: 2004
Pages: 344
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details: 9.0 inch x 6.0 inch
weight of the book: 425 gms

The present volume of Shreemad Bhagwad Geeta is an abridged version of the Trilingual Geeta Translation published by Kailas Vidya Prakashan in the year 2002. This volume contains only the sanskrit and English translation with headings which will be more handy for those who are not well versed in Hindi and would like to follow the meaning of the verses through English. The purpose of bringing out multiple editions of Geeta by us is to expand its readership and propagate authentic meaning of Geeta's verses as propounded by Aadi Shankaracharya in his immortal commentary on it, popularly called Geeta Shaankar Bhashya.

In the preamble to his commentary on Geeta Aadi Shankaracharya declares that Geeta is a scripture which assimilates the essence of all vedic knowledge and by comprehending the purport of the Geeta all human ends are rewarded. For this reason, Bhagwad Geeta is regarded as an all encompassing scripture having a universal appeal transcending the boundaries of religious and sectarian beliefs of all human beings. In the words of the Lord, devotion and service to the Lord and the Guru are the main norms for eligibility to the study of Geeta. Therefore, to derive real benefit from Geeta one should imbibe these qualities alongwith its study.

The principles of Bhagwad Geeta are not easy to comprehend and cannot be understood by simply knowing its words, the meanings of which can be stretched to suit one's doctrine or philosophy. Many preceding attempts by those ignorant of the true implication of the scriptures have only generated confusion and drifted towards paths not leading to the reality propounded by the Vedas. To put an end to all those flawed explications Aadi Shankaracharya wrote an epigrammatic commentary to resolutely expound the real import of the Geeta.

The best way to understand shaankara' s commentary is the one recommended by H.H. Swami Vidyanand Giri Ji Maharaj, the head of Kailash Ashram Brahm Vidyapeetha. He has introduced daily one hour recitation of Geeta Shaankar Bhashya, himself following this practice and making others to follow suit. To adopt this spiritual routine thousands of saints and devotees of kailash Ashram have taken this vow and are greatly benefitted by this sadhna. The Geeta (Parayan Sanskarna) has been published to facilitate daily Bhashya Parayan. Lalita edition of Geeta gives Hindi translation of Shankar Bhashya with added text wherever necessary to make the meaning clear. English translation of Lalita has also been published.

The credit for publishing this edition of Geeta again goes to Shri Nariman Mulji Daiya Charitable Trust Udyog Nagar 17 A Flank Road, Mumbai-400022 who have devoted this book also (earlier Geeta Lalita Edition, Geeta Parayan Edition and Geeta with English Translation of Lalita commentary) in the memory of their parents Sh. Mulji V. Narsi Daiyaand Smt. Velaben Mulji Daiya and brother Sh. Hariram M. Daiya. Their devotion to Geeta is unparalleled. May Lord Krishna bestow divine blessings on the esteemed members of this Trust.




  Chapter I  
1 King Dhritarashtra's question to Sanjay with reference to the battle at Kurukshetra. 1
2 Description of Pandava's warriors by Duryodhana 2
3 Mention of names of the chief warriors of his side. 4
4 Duryodhana's well thought signal for the security of Bhishma. 5
5 The grandeur of the chariot and the conches of Shri Krishna and Arjuna. 6
6 Description by Sanjay of Arjuna's next move and his request to the Lord to place chariot in the middle of the two armies. 9
7 Arjuna's grief on seeing his own relations on both sides. 11
8 Arjuna's justification for abandoning the battle because of curses resulting from extinction of the race. 16
9 Arjuna views death at the hands of enemies a better option than fighting his own people. 18
10 Grief stricken Arjuna' s retiring in the rear portion of the chariot. 19
  Chapter - II  
11 Seeing Arjuna struck with grief, Lord Krishna's timely intervention. 20
12 Arjuna's pitifulness and seeking refuge in the Lord. 23
13 Emphasising the immortality of the Self. 26
14 The Self is not the subject or object of any action 29
15 The Self is beyond the reach of all sense organs. 31
16 The rarity of the knowledge of Self. 33
17 Performance of one's duty leads to heaven etc. 35
18 Loss of glory is worse than even death for the respected elite. 35
19 Concluding the eloquence on 'Sankbya' wisdom, the Lord takes up the subject of Karmayoga. 38
20 Those desirous of salvation do not seek fruit of their actions. 42
21 The texts other than related to the knowledge of Self are of no use to the aspirants seeking salvation. 44
22 The key to steadiness of mind is the control of sense organs. 51
23 The steadfastness of self in Brahm achieved even at the death bed leads to salvation. 53
  Chapter - III  
24 Driven to action Arjuna spoke to Shri Krishna as if tauntingly. 54
25 Karma Yoga is the means to achieve Yoga. 55
26 The control over outer organs but mental recollection of objects by an unwise person is only hypocratic. 56
27 The gods and human ought to act for each other's benefit. 59
28 The non offering of oblation etc. out of the wealth provided by the gods amounts to theft. 59
29 The knower of Self has no duties to perform. 61
  The conduct of distinguished person serves as a model to others. 63
30 With regard to actions to be performed and to be abandoned, adoption of Shri Krishna as model. 64
31 The knower of Self has no ego in the activity of the modes of nature. 66
32 To act against one's nature is even difficult for he wise, not to spek of the ignorant. 69
33 Arjuna's question regarding the reason for an aspirant's forcible commitment of sins. 70
34 Command of the Lord to destroy the invincible desires. 73


Chapter - IV

35 The mention of break in the line of this age-old Yoga. 75
36 The purpose of the God's incarnation. 77
37 The description of six Yagnyas like Material Yagnya etc. 87
38 The knowledge destroys all actions like fire consumes everything combustible. 91
39 Lord's command to Arjuna to slash all doubts with the sword of wisdom and stand up to do his duty. 93
  Chapter - V  
40 Arjuna's ;question to know the superiority between Yoga of action and renunciationof actions.  
41 Perfection in either Sankhya or Karmayoga is sufficient to reap fruit of both. 94
42 The description of true nature of God. 96
43 Salvation is easy for one established in Self. 100
44 The state of mind of the knower of Truth. 101
45 The attainment of supreme bliss by the knower of Brahm. 102
46 The wise consider all pleasures from objects as worthless. 103
47 The Yogi conquers desire and anger in this very life. 104
  Chapter - VI  
48 The praise of performer of one's duty without dependence on its fruit by calling him a 'Sanyasi' and a Yogi'. 107
49 The friendship of self accures from selfcontrol and enemity from lack of it. 110
50 Evenmindedness is the special feature of an accomplished Yogi. 111
51 The rules regarding food etc. for the Yogis. 114
52 The Yoga is nothing but the state of freedom from the contact with pain. 117
53 The Yogi who sees pleasure or pain of others as per his own example, excels. 121
54 The Lord replies in two verses about the conquering of mind through practice and dispassion. 122
55 The birth in a poor but wise line of Yogis is better than birth na pure but wealthy race. 126
  Chapter - VII  
56 The Lord's word to describe the disciplines required to know God in entirely. 129
57 All beings are superimposed on God like beads of thread in a rosary. 132
58 The only way to cross the unsailable divine Maya is to take total refuge in the Lord. 135
59 The description of four types of Lord's devotees. 136
60 Rarity of the great soul with Lord's realization. 138
  Chapter - VIII  
61 Apropos scope for further querry in the end of seventh chapter, Arjuna asks seven questions in the first two verses. 144
62 Remebering God at the time of death eads to His attainment. 146
63 As a rule the tought at the time of death is the basis for assurning the next birth. 147
64 Shri krishna advises Arjuna to remember the Lord always and perform his duty. 147
65 Length of Brahma's day and night. 152
66 Description of Yoga's splendour for inclucating faith. 157
  Chapter - IX  
67 Promise of Lord to reveal knowledge blended with realization being the direct means to liberation from the world phenomenon. 158
68 Under the presidency of God, the Nature does all actions of the defamers of Lord are in vain. 162
69 All actions of the defamers of Lord are in vain. 163
70 Description of many ways to worship God. 165
71 The needs of devotees ever united solely with Lord are met by the Lord Himself. 167
72 Lord's command to offer al actions to Him alone. 170
73 The way God should be worhipped in rder to attain Him. 173
  Chapter - X  
74 promise to describe substance and glory of the Lord. 174
75 Means to the destruction of false knowledge. 178
76 Description of the Lord as realized by Arjuna. 179
77 The reality of Self is Known by the Self only. 180
78 Existence of God as Self of every being. 182
79 The description of Lord as the bestower of fruit of all actions. 187
80 Importance of Gayatri in Vedic ;Hymns. 188
81 Lord as the son of Vasudeva and as Arjuna among the Pandavas. 189
82 Divine manifestations are boundless 190
  Chapter - XI  
83 Spiritual words end Arjuna's delusion about Lord's manifestations. 192
84 Arjuna's wish to see universal from of the ord. 193
85 Lord's cosmic rom is beyond the reach of normal eyes. 195
86 Arjuna beholds the vision of gods like the Brahma etc in Lord's form. 198
87 Destruction of the warriors explained by the example of rivers entering the sea. 205
88 Immeasurable glory of the Lord. 214
89 Seeking forgiveness of faults like a son seeks pardon from his father etc. 214
90 The vision of universal from possible only by Lord's grace. 216
91 Exclusive devotion is the means to see the universal form. 219
92 Definition of exclusive devotion. 220
  Chapter - XII  
93 Who is superior, the worshipper of unmanfiest or that of univesal form? 221
94 The description of unmanifest Lord. 222
95 Yoga of practice is the means to fix mind on God. 225
96 The superiority of leaving fruit of all actions. 226
97 The characteristic of the devotees dear to the Lord (2 verses) 226
98 The striving devotees are more dear to the Lord than the accomplished ones. 229
  Chapter - XIII  
99 The descriptionof the 'field' and its knower. 230
100 The knowledge of oneness of knower of field and Lord is the real knowledge. 231
101 The description of knowledge with its fruit. 235
102 The knowable Reality is all pervading 236
103 The causal roles of Nature of Purusha differ. 238
104 The Knower of Brahm does not harm Self by self. 242
105 Like Ether the Self is free of attachment. 243
106 Emancipation by vision of reality of field and its knower ;through eyes of wisdom. 244
  Chapter - XIV  
107 Spritual knowledge is superior to knowledge relating to Yagnyas etc. 245
108 The cause of the modes and their binding power. 247
109 Brief description of the realm of three modes. 248
110 The effort of inter dominance of the modes. 249
111 Mention of different fruits of three types of actions. 251
112 Post death fruits of the three modes. 252
113 Description of signs, activity, disciplines and reward of one beyond the modes. 253
114 The means of freedom from modes. 255
115 The inner Self without attributers is the substratum of all. 256
  Chapter - XV  
116 The world tree and the importance of its knower. 257
117 Having cut the world tree, the way aspirant should proceed Godward. 259
118 The difference between embodied sould and the Lord is due to attributes only. 261
119 The realization of soul depends on removal of faults. 262
120 The digestion of food in all bodies through power of Lord. 264
121 Knowing Lord as 'Purushottama' leads to single minded devotion. 266


Chapter - XVI

122 Out of twenty six the first nine qualities of divine wealth. 267
123 The brief mention of demonic qualities. 269
124 The demons do not reckon God to be the cause of creation. 270
125 The fiendish persons hate God. 274
126 Three doorways to hell. 276
127 Nothing can be achieved by ignoring the rules of Scriptures. 276
  Chapter - XVII  
128 The status of actions performed out of faith without knowledge of rules. 278
129 The categorization of natural faith. 279
130 Faith predominates the personality of persons. 279
131 Three types of food, Yagnya, penance and charity. 281
132 The description of three catefories of Yagnyas (3 verses). 282
133 Description of austerities relating to body, speech and mind (3 verses). 283
134 Three types of charity based on the modes (3 verses). 285
135 The remedy to remove shortcomings in Yagnya, Charity and Penance. 287
136 Denouncing absence of faith during the performance of Yagnya etc. 289
  Chapter - XVIII  
137 Arjuna's question regarding reality of 'Sanyasa' and 'Tyaga'. 290
138 Lord's word to explain the import of 'Tyaga' as per His conviction. 291
139 complete renunciation of actions being impossible, the renouncer of their fruit is termed as Tyagi. 295
140 According to Vedanta, five-fold means complete an action. 296
141 mention of three fold division of knowledge, action and agent based on modes. 298
142 Lord's word to enunciate three fold division of intellect and firmness. 302
143 The three types of happiness based on the modes. 305
144 Happiness from Self is Sattvic. 305
145 Nothing in this world is free of modes of Nature. 307
146 The actions of Brahmins etc are determined by the qualities born of their nature. 307
147 Worship of Lord through actions leads to perfection. 309
148 All actions involve one fault or the other. 310
149 Lord's word to explain in brief the way to attain knowledge. 311
150 The description of disciplines to achieve state of firm knowledge (3 verses). 312
151 Lord's advice to mentally surrender all actions to Him. 314
152 God is the controller of all beings. 316
153 Complete surrender to Lord is the means to lasting peace. 316
154 Renouncing of all nonself concepts and complete surrender to Lord leads to emancipation. 318
155 The rigtful recipients of knowledge of Gita. The glory of propagator of Gita. 318
156 The Guru's duty to impart knowledge till the removal of ignorance. 320
157 Sanjay's revealing words to Dhritarashtra. 323

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