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A Shorter Hindi-English Dictionary

A Shorter Hindi-English Dictionary
$23.00
Item Code: NAT103
Author: Mahendra Chaturvedi and Bhola Nath Tiwari
Publisher: NATIONAL PUBLISHING HOUSE
Language: ENGLISH AND HINDI
Edition: 2012
ISBN: 8121400481
Pages: 394
Cover: HARDCOVER
Other Details: 9.00 X 6.00 inch
weight of the book: 0.57 kg
About the Book

A Shorter Hindi-English Dictionary

Salient Features

  • It comprises almost the whole active vocabulary of modern Hindi.
  • It covers words of both literary, technical and as well as common usages of contemporary Hindi vocabulary.
  • It incorporates current idioms, proverbs and peculiar usages of Hindi with precise, parallels.
  • It gives actual phonetic pronunciation of each main entry to facilitate the learning process by all non-Hindi and Hindi speakers alike.
  • It covers all prevalent nuances of current Hindi words with semantic precision.
  • It lists approximately 20,000 words in main and sub-entries and adopts adequate emphasis on practical aspect of linguistic usages as the keystone of its edifice.
  • It enjoys unique and unchallenged supremacy in the field of bilingual lexicography in Hindi.

Preface

Those who are conversant with the pace and process of growth of reference works and lexicographical literature—part of the literature of knowledge—in Hindi will, no doubt, agree that there has been an unusual spurt of such literature in the post-Independence era. Still, measured by modern standards, there is an appalling dearth of literature dwelling on various linguistic aspects of Hindi and representing profound linguistic studies—and there is no room for controversy on this point, too. Lexicographical art is in its primal stages and dictionaries such as the Webster’s International Dictionary or Shorter Oxford Dictionary, or bilingual dictionaries available in European languages, are yet a long way off. Dictionaries, lexicons and glossaries form a very valuable part of such literature and their importance in any linguistic study is self-evident. It is with a deep sense of obligation to contribute their mite to the enrichment, of this rather poor field, and with full consciousness of the hazards involved, that the Editors undertook to compile a dictionary such as the present one. We have absolutely no pretensions to a pioneering work and should our endeavour prove to be of some help to the Hindi learner, the translator, and the user in general, we shall consider our efforts amply rewarded.

Dictionaries form a wide and varied genre of the literature of knowledge—one of the main categories being comprised of bilingual dictionaries. Bilingual dictionaries represent an effort to convey the meanings and significance of words, typical usages, idioms and proverbs of one language through the medium of another— which may or may not be blessed with matching verve and richness. The tradition of bilingual dictionaries can be traced back to fairly ancient times in world literature. India, too, is not without its own tradition of bilingual dictionaries although Indian languages, today, cannot claim to be as advanced or rich as some other languages of the world, such as Russian, English, German, French etc. And what is true of Indian languages in general is also true of Hindi in this respect.

The first bilingual dictionary in Hindi is the Kha-lig Ba-ri: which lists Persian (and sometimes Arabic and Turkish) equivalents of Hindi words (and phrases). We can enumerate about half-a-dozen more, such as ‘Lugatae Hindi’ ‘Gara:ybul luga:t', ‘Alla:khuda:i: in this tradition. Obviously, they reflect genuine efforts on the part of triumphant Muslims to acquire fluency in the Hindi language and to be able to understand it better. The same phenomenon was repcated, mutatis mutandis, when the Europeans achieved sway over the northern parts of the country and felt the imperative need to have workable knowledge of Hindi. Hindi-English Dictionaries, numbering a score and a half, were compiled to fulfil this need of the times. The earliest in the series was John Fergusan’s °A dictionary of Hindustani language’ which was published in London in 1773 A.D. Among others ‘A Dictionary : Hindustanee and English’ Calcutta, 1808 (Taylor) ‘A Dictionary : Hindustani and English’, London 1817 (Shakespeare), "A Dictionary: Hindustani and English’, London 1848 (Duncan Forbes)’ and ‘A Dictionary of Urdu, Classical Hindi and English’ London, | 884 (Platts) deserve special mention. The last mentioned work is, undoubtedly, the best of the whole lot.

The second quarter of the present century saw another dictionary compiled by Shri R. C. Pathak (Bhargava’s Standard Illustrated Dictionary of the Hindi language, Benares, 1946) which, although based essentially on Platts, represents a linguistic anachronism and betrays complete ignorance of the art of lexicography. It abounds, on the one hand, in words and meanings which never formed an essential part of standard Hindi vocabulary and ignores, on the other, numerous words and meanings that have very much been an asset to and form an integral part of the language. The very fact that this dictionary has gone into several editions reflects the poor state of our lexicographical equipment in the field.

In 1966, the Central Hindi Directorate of the Govt. of India, Ministry of Education, brought out a small-sized ‘Hindi-English Dictionary of Common Words’ comprising about five thousand entries, at the instance of the then Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. This was rather a meagre tribute to the wishes of a great and mighty man who always believed in doing things ‘in a big way’ It, however, reflected an approach that was much more scientific and precision- based. With all its limitations in terms of size and selection of entries, it was a worth-while contribution to this rather unproductive field.

In fact, none of the dictionaries mentioned above incorporates all, or nearly all, the active vocabulary of modern Hindi and adopts comparatively newer lexicographical techniques. The present work is an humble effort to fulfil the twin objectives.

The main characteristics of the dictionary may be summed up as follows:

(i) It comprises of almost the whole active vocabulary of modem Hindi including words of common or literary usages as also. commonly prevalent technical and semi-technical terms.

(ii) An effort has been made herein to incorporate all current idioms, proverbs and peculiar usages of Hindi.

(iii) Each main entry is followed by its actual pronunciation.

(iv) While fixing the English equivalents for Hindi words, emphasis has not been laid on conglomerating all, even remotely possible, words having far-fetched affinity of meaning, but on the selection of semantically precise and exact equivalents as far as possible. It is the semantic proximity, in other words, that has mattered in the selection of words and not the numerical strength of the equivalents. In fact, we have tried to restrict the number of equivalents as far as possible.

It may, in short, be stated that an over-riding emphasis on practical aspect of linguistic usages forms the keystone of its edifice. It is this factor that is sought to be reflected in the title of the dictionary viz. ‘A Practical Hindi-English dictionary’ We seek here to discuss, in brief, the main problems of compilation in respect of this dictionary.

**Contents and Sample Pages**









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