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Sharir-Subhashit: Selected - Recitable and Memorable Pieces of Padya (Shloka) and Gadya (Proses) of Sharir (Sanskrit-Hindi-English Version with Explanations

Sharir-Subhashit: Selected - Recitable and Memorable Pieces of Padya (Shloka) and Gadya (Proses) of Sharir (Sanskrit-Hindi-English Version with Explanations
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Item Code: IDG383
Author: D. G. Thatte
Publisher: Chowkhamba Krishnadas Academy
Edition: 2003
ISBN: 8121801281
Pages: 101
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details: 8.5" X 5.5"

Sharir is of the most fundamental subject to be learnt by all ayurvedic scholars irrespective of their belonging to individual specific discipline of Astang Ayurveda.

Learning the subject of Sharir aims not only to have detailed knowledge of human anatomy and physiology, but also to gain knowledge about the Indriya, Satva and Atma.

After gaining more than forty years long span of teaching experience in Sharir at State Ayurvedic College, Lucknow at graduate and post graduate level, it was realised by the author that under graduate, post-graduate as well as junior teachers of Sharir can not recite even vulnerable Shloka and pieces of Gadya (Prose) which is a must qualification for an Ayurvedic Scholar. Due to this lacuna one cannot impose his or her personality as a competent teacher of Sharir nor can he gain perfection for becoming an ideal Ayurvedic Physician (Vaidya).

To solve this problem author conceived an idea of preparing a small book which may contain most of the important and essential Sholaka (Padya) and pieces of Gadya (Prose) selected from classical Ayurvedic texts like Charak, Sushruta, Astang Hridaya and Kashyap Samhita etc. along with their references. It was also necessary to mention their proper heading and individual Hindi and English translation, so that they may be easily understood even by non-Hindi knowing scholars as well. This approach will also help in spreading correct and scientific message of ayurvedic science to english speaking world at global level.

The book has been titled 'Sharir Subhashit' because the term Sharir means 'human anatomy' and 'physiology'. Where as the word Subhashit means worth reciting or memorising. Therefore Shloka concerning Sharir like Ayu, Garbha, Asthi, Sandhi, Peshi, Dhamni, Sira and Marma may become easily along with their precise references by Scholars of Ayurveda.

Author also feels that the classical compilation of vulnerable Sanskrit quotations of Sharir Rachna shall also help to throw light on new horizons for doing research in various topics of Sharir.

Keeping all above aims and objects author is presenting this book in the hands of scholarly learners and teachers of ayurveda and expects that this documentation will prove very useful handy work.

Before concluding, author wishes to express his gratefulness to his life partner Dr. Vimleshwari Ji for all cooperation which she provided for completing this job. Author is also grateful to Dr. Padmini Natu for taking care and giving precession to Sanskrit Text to avoid topographical errors. Dr. Manisha of Siwan and Arun Professional Services also deserve author's good wishes and blessings for helping to prepare final manuscript of this book.

I also wish to add the name of Mr. Vikas Kumar Mishra, my devoted student who also co-operated in giving final touches for computerised format of the work.

Jai Sharir,

14th January 2003

(Prof. D. G. Thatte)


S. No.
1. Importance of learning human anatomy and physiology1
2. Importance of maintenance of human Body1
3. Definition of Ayurveda2
4. Definition of Ayu3
5. Tripods of Sharir (Body)5
6. Definition of Purush6
7. Criteria of ideal Shukra (Semen)8
8. Importance of Shukra9
9. Criteria of ideal menstrual blood11
10. Onset of menstrual Blood. Menstruation and menopause12.
11. Ideal marriageable age for female and male12
12. Factors for having quality offspring12
13. Criteria of maternal and paternal germinal cells for development of male and female child13
14. Even and odd days for Male and Female child birth14
15. Causes of sex differentiation15
16. Definition of fetus16
17. Garbha and outproduct of Panchmahabhoot and chetna 16
18. Role of Panchmahabhoot in fetal development16
19. Six factors for development of soft and hard parts in fetus17
20. Four Essentials for embry onic growth17
21. Role of Panchmahabhoot for Colour Variation18
22. Placentation 19
23. Umbilical Cord & Fetal Nutrition20-21
24. Role of Vayu in fetal development21
25. How fetus develops in uterus22
26. Role of Vayu in the development of strotas22
27. Month wise fetal development23
28. Effects of shifting of Oja from mother to fetus and fetus to mother alternatively27
29. Development of various embry onic organs27
30. Development of strotas and myotomes29
31. Development of veins, ligaments and bladder like structures29
32. Shape of heart30
33. Relation of heart with other organs31
34. Heart as seat of Chetana/relation of sleep and darkness31
35. Twin pregnancy32
36. Multiple pregnancy32
37. Boneless fetus33
38. Dry fetus34
39. Abnormal Presentation34
40. Factors for developmental anomalies35
41. Role of Tridosh in developmental anomalies36
42. Cadaveric dissection and importance of learning practical anatomy 36
43. Cadaveric preservation, Dissection of methodology and criteria for selection of ideal cadaver37
44. Who is scholar of Anatomy?38
45. Theory of Rebirth and Reborn38
46. Factors comprising Pran38
47. Sites of Pran39
48. Definition of living body41
49. How body is built?41
50. Anatomy of netra (Eye ball)43
51. Manifest and Unmanifest44
52. Six body parts44
53. Oxygenation of Body45
54. Eternal growth of Nails and Hair46
55. Fifteen body Visceras47
56. Nine outer openings of body47
57. Vision and Hair tract never increase48
58. Development of skin and its layers48
59. Definition of Membrane49
60. Visceral Cavities and Hollow organs49
61. Anatomical position of Uterus50
62. Length of Intestines51
63. Anatomical relation between Urinary bladder and Seminar passage51
64. Umbilicus52
65. Heart and position of cardiac orifice of stomach52
66. Vulnerable areas52
67. Prognostic classification of Marma54
68. Presence of Dosha and Guna in Marma55
69. Identity of Marma55
70. Anatomy of Marma56
71. Marma as confluence point of many structures56
72. Guda (Anus) Marma56
73. Definition of Vein57
74. Instability of Veins59
75. Origin of Dhamani, Srotas and Sira as an out product59
76. Definition of Srotas60
77. Number of visible and Non visible Srotas61
78. Look and shape of Srotas62
79. Classification of Srotas61
80. Origin of Srotas and Srotas itself63
81. Number of outer opening66
82. Shape of Vagina and Uterus66
83. Types of Muscles67
84. Number of male and female muscles67
85. Bones - their types and location68
86. Definition - types and location of joints69
87. How joints become movable?71
88. Ligaments, their types and locations71
89. Importance of Ligaments72
90. Suture and Raphies73
91. Rajju (Ropes)73
92. Confluence of bones73
93. Seemanta74
94. Seemanta Marma74
95. Brush like ligaments and their location75
96. Aponeurosis75
97. Total number of Jala, Kurcha, Seevani, Mansa rajju, Sanghata, Seemanta and Asthi75
98. Tendons and their location76
99. Definition of Health77
100. Definition of Disease and Ease78
101. Definition of Prakrati78
102. Establishment of Deha/Dosh Prakriti (body constitution)79
103. Seven types of body constitution79
104. Four types of bodies from physical point of view80
105. Types to psychic personalities80
106. Diet83
107. Who can maintain Health?84
108. Dosha84
109. Four stages of Dosha85
110. Importance of Vayu88
111. Three Stages of Dosha88
112. Stages of manifestations of Dosha89
113. Definition of Dosha, Dhatu and Mala91
114. Homoeostatic, sluggish and aggravated status of Dosha92
115. Definition of Aam92
116. Four factors of Body maintenance93
117. Blood94
118. Properties of ideal blood64
119. How to identify pure blooded person?95
120. Ojas and its properties96
121. Dietic material, its role and definition of waste products97
122. Urine formation97
123. Applied Anatomy98

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