Saraswati (The Goddess of Learning and Wisdom)

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Item Code: IDK605
Author: Shantilal Nagar
Publisher: B.R. Publishing Corporation
Edition: 2018
ISBN: 8176464864
Pages: 98
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 8.8" X 5.6"
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Book Description
About the Book

Sarasvati is one of the most important goddess of the Hindu pantheon, who emerged out of the tounge of Brahma. She had been so beautiful and charming that Brahma had to create five faces in order to keep her in his constant gaze. She has been adored as the goddess of learning and her individual sculptures have been under worship in India and abroad. She was also held in high esteem by the Buddhists and the Jainas.

About the Author

Shantilal Nagar, a graduate of the Punjab University, served in the curatorial capacity in the Central Asian Antiquities Museum, New Delhi, the Archaeological Museum, Nalanda, and Archaeological Section of the Indian Museum, Calcutta for a number of years. He has to his credit the scientific documentation of over fifty thousand antiquities, in these museums, representing the rich cultural heritage of the country and comprising of sculptures, bronzes, terracottas, beads, seals and sealing, ancient Indian numismatics, wood work, miniatures and paintings, textiles and Pearce collection of gems, ranging from the earliest times to the late medieval period. He was awarded, in 1987, a fellowship, for his monograph on the Temples of Himachal Pradesh, by the Indian Council of Historical Research, New Delhi. He has authored more than fifty books.


1 Introduction 1-14
2 Iconography 15-33
(1) As a Hindu Deity, (2) Dvadasa Sarasvati-(i) Mahavidya, (ii) Mahavani, (iii) Bharati, (iv) Sarasvati, (v) Arya, (vi) Brahmi, (vii) Mahadhenu, (viii) Vedagarbha, (ix) Isvari, (x) Mahalaksmi, (xi) Mahakali, (xii) Mahasarasvati; (3) As a Buddhist Goddess-(i) Sarasvati, (ii) Mahasarasvati, (iii) Vajravina-sarasvati, (iv) Vajrasarada, (v) Arya Sarasvati, (vi) Vajra Sarasvati, (vii) Sakti Sarasvati, (4) As a Jaina Goddess-(i) Srutadevi, (ii) Sarasvati, (iii) Vagdevi, (i) Two-armed, (ii) Four-armed, (iii) Six-armed, (iv) Eight-armed, (v) Ten-armed.
3 Other Aspects 34-44
(i) Misled Kumbhakarna, (ii) Overpowered the mind of Kaikeyi and Manthara, (iii) Received Badavagni, (iv) Provides passage for Siva, (v) Goddess of Art and Music, (vi) As a physician, (vii) Sarasvati and Janguli, (viii) Sarasvati and Manasa Devi, (ix) Sarasvati and Mahamaya, (x) Veda Mata.
4 Projection in Art 45-83
(i) The Vehicle-(1) Sculptural Art-(i) Individual Images-(a) Two-armed, (b) Four-armed, (c) Six-armed, (d) six-headed; (ii) Brahma and Sarasvati, (iii) Sarasvati with Visnu, (iv) Sarasvati with Siva, (v) As Brahmani, (2) The Numismatic Profile, (3) Indian Seals and Sealings, (4) Evidence of the Buddhist Art-(i) Sarasvati with Manjusri; (ii) Individual Sculptures, (5) Jaina Sarasvati-(a) Four-armed, (b) Six-armed, (c) Eight-armed, (d) Sixteen-armed, (e) Miniatures.
5 Sarasvati as a River 84-90
6 Sarasvati Abroad 91-98
Tibet, Japan-Benten as the Goddess of Music and Fine Arts as well as Good Luck, Benzai-ten as Jealous Goddess, Coin-Washing Benten or Zeniarai Benten, Benten as Progenitor, Benzai-ten and Acupuncture.
Arati of Sarasvati 99
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