Prepared and published under the Patronage of the Government of India in the erstwhile Ministry of
Scientific Research and Cultural Affairs, the Government of Punjab, the University Grants
Commission, the University of Panjab, the Dayanand Anglo-Vedic College Management, New Delhi and
the Trusts and Charities of Shri Vishva Bandhu, Shri Moolchand Khairaitiram and other donors.
In 1957, as the work on the 16-Volume Vedic Word- Concordance and the 6-Volume Vedic Grammatical
Indices which had been under active pursuance since 1931 in the Nityanand Vedic Lexicographical
Department of our Institute towards supplying our next 25-Volume continuation-project in that
line, namely, "A Comparative and Etymological Dictionary of Vedic Interpretation" with its sine
qua non scriptorial rock-foundation was entering the ultimate stage of its completion which has
fortunately been now achieved, our Mahatma Hans Raj Manuscript Collection, Preservation, Editing
and Publication Department undertook to publish the Samhita and the Pada texts of the Rgveda
alongwith the critical editions of the Commentaries on it by the famous three pre-Sayana
scholiasts, Skandasvamin, Udgitha and Venkata- Madhava and, also, of the Summary by Mudgala of the
Commentary by Sayana, which, practically, extracted the entire body of the latter except the
details of ritualistic application (viniyoga) and grammar. The idea was to provide the much-needed
facility through this medium of studying together on a comparative basis the lines on which all
the said reputed Indian Vedists of old had tried to understand and interpret the hoary and holy
Rgveda, being universally acknowledged as the oldest extant literary monument in man’s library.
Some work that had already been done elsewhere in this direction is being duly noticed, in its
proper place, in the sequel alongwith the description of our other Basic Materials. A brief
indication of the methodology we have followed in critically editing the texts named above forms
the subject of the section which immediately follows.
The Volumes II and Ill of this work containing the Suktas 81-191 of Mandala I and the Mandalas II
and III, respectively, were issued in 1963 being followed, in 1964, by the Volumes 1V-VI carrying
the texts, as available, to the end of the Sukta 45 of the Mandala X. The present Volume I
supplying the first 80 Suktas of
the Mandala I is being very closely followed by the Volume VII containing the Suktas 46-l9lof the
Mandala X and the Volume VIII incorporating the Mantra, the Paola, the Rsi, the Devata and the
Chandas Indices, both being issued within the next few months.
Our said Mahatma Hans Raj Department has also been able, simultaneously, to undertake and complete
during this period the Critical Editions of (l) Sayana’s Commentary on the Atharvaveda of the
Saunakas, (2) the four Rajatarangini (Chronicle Of the Kings of Kashmir) texts composed by
Kalhana, Jonaraja, Srivara and Suka and (3) the Versions I-VII of Canakya-Niti-Texb Tradition
(Sakha-samp1•adaya). The said Atharvaveda edition has already been issued in five volumes and the
other two works mentioned are also following, part-wise, in quick succession according to their
publication schedule to be completed during the current year.
Of these three text-editing projects, the Atharvaveda has been published in 5 parts being the
Volumes XIII-XVII in our Vishveshvaranand Indological Research Series the Rgveda has partly been
and is partly being published in 8 parts being the Volumes XIX-XXVI in the same Series and the
Rajatarangini has partly been and is partly being published in 4 parts being the Volumes V-VIII in
our Woolner Indological Series.
It is now my most pleasant duty to record here my great appreciation of the devoted co—operation
that I have always depended upon and fully received, in this work, from all my colleagues in the
DA.-V. College and the Panjab University Sections of the Mahatma Hans Raj Manuscript Research
Department, the General Indological Department, the Publication Department and the Printing
Department of our Institute. The title-page of this volume duly mentions the names of those of
them T who, with great ability and patience, rendered special assistance in the editing and
publication of this volume. I would fain add here, from among my other younger assistants, the
name of Shri S. Bhaskaran Nair.
Some misprints which, our earnest efforts to avoid them notwithstanding, persisted to our great
chagrin, have duly been set right in the Corrigenda. It might be recognised, of course, with a
measure of indulgence, that the setting, as required, of various accented and unaccented
multi—graded types for this work was a pretty tough task.
It is also my most cherished privilege to express on this occasion, on my own behalf and on behalf
of our Management, our deepest gratitude to all our patrons and friends, notably, those whose
names are recorded in the Commemorative Script in page iv OIC the title of this Volume, in
appreciation of their valuable financial assistance towards this project.
Our hearty thanks are, likewise, due to the Adyar Library, Madras, the University Oriental
Library, Mysore, the Kerala University Manuscript Library, Trivandrum and the Government Oriental
Library, Madras for their valuable co-operation in lending us their manuscripts and transcripts or
preparing for us some transcripts for use in our present edition of the Rg-Bhasyas or permitting
us to collate, at their own premises, our press-copy with their old, unlendable manuscripts.
And, in conclusion, I must not miss mentioning, with all respect, the names of Pandit Sambasiva
Sastri, Dr. L. A. Ravi Varma, Dr. C. Kunhan Raja and Dr. Lakshman Sarup. All these great names are
sacred to me as they are of those who were personal friends and are no more in our midst. These
worthy predecessors in their love for the Vedic lore and enthusiasm for reclaiming, practically,
from oblivion the great pre—Sayana commentators of Rgveda, paved the way, as best as they could,
on which it has since been my privilege to tread in their foot-steps towards producing, according
to my humble lights, the present edition which it now gives me great satisfaction to bid a hearty
farewell, full of hope that those whose hands it will reach will adjudge it, sympathetically, and,
wherever need be, will not hesitate from improving upon it, ably, ever redounding to the glory of
(Mandala I, Sukta’s 81-191)
(Mandala’s II, III and IV)
(Mandala’s V and VI)
(Mandala’s VII and VIII)
(Mandala’s IX-X, 1-45)
(Mandala X, 46-191)
Indices of Mantras, Words, Rsis, Devatas and Chandas
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