Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
Your interests (Optional)
This will help us make recommendations and send discounts and sale information at times.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Sign In  |  Sign up
Your Cart (0)
Best Deals
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
Books > Hindi > हिंदू धर्म > वेद > Purusa-Sukta: The Most Ancient Vedic Hymn (With the Commentary of Saunaka)
Subscribe to our newsletter and discounts
Purusa-Sukta: The Most Ancient Vedic Hymn (With the Commentary of Saunaka)
Pages from the book
Purusa-Sukta: The Most Ancient Vedic Hymn (With the Commentary of Saunaka)
Look Inside the Book
Description
Back of the Book

This translation of Purusa-sukta includes the commentary of ancient authorities such as Saunaka and Sayana. The corresponding verses in Bhagavatam are also shown, accompanied with Sridhara Svami's and Visvanatha Cakravarti's commentaries.

Introduction

Srimad Bhagavatam combines poetry and philosophical conclusions: Purusa-sukta is the origin of that methodology. It is the most fundamental text of Vedic culture. Brahma worshiped Ksirodaka-sayi Visnu by mentally reciting the Purusa-sukta (Bhagavatam 10.1.20).

The Word sukta means hymn. The literal sense is 'well said' (su-uktam). There are more than thirty well-known suktas. The Sri-Vaisnavas honor a quintuple set: Purusa-sukta, Narayana-sukta, Bhu-sukta and Nila-sukta. The Purusa-sukta is seen in all four Vedas. Each version is slightly different: The number of verses varises and sometimes the readings differ. The version of Purusa-sukta below, from Rg-Veda Samhita (10.90.1-16), is the most famous. The German scholar Max Muller (1823-1900) writes: "As long as man continues to take an interest in the history of his race, and as long as we collect in libraries and museums the relics of former ages, the first place in that long row of books which contains the records of the Aryan branch of mankind will belong forever to the Rg-veda."

The Rg-Veda consists of ten mandalas (cantos). "Each mandala consists of hymns called sukta intended for various sacrificial rituals. The suktas in turn consist of individual stanzas called rc (praise)." Western scholars hold this opinion: "Philological and linguistic evidence indicate that the Rigveda was composed in the north-western region of the Indian subcontinent, most likely between c. 1500-1200 BCE, though a wider approximation of c. 1700-1100 BCE has also been given." Max Muller dates the Purusa-sukta between 1000 BCE and 800 BCE.

"The Vedas consist of three parts (rituals; worship) of gods; Brahman realization) and explain that the soul is Brahman. The Vedic mantras are esoteric and the Vedic seers speak in esoteric terms. I too prefer an indirect mode of expression" (Bhagavatam 11.21.35).

The Purusa-sukta of Rg-Veda is a hymn of sixteen verses. The first fifteen are in the anustup meter and the last one is in the tristup meter. These sixteen drops are profound like an ocean. The symbolism is deep: There are many layers of meaning. For instance, the Purusa, Visnu, is called Sodasa-kala (He has sixteen parts) (Bhagavatam 1.3.1; 5.18.18). The world as well is sodasa-kala: sodasa-kalam va idam sarvam (kausitaki Brahmana 8.1.16.4) (Satapatha Brahmana 1302.2.13).Accotding to Rupa Gosvami, the Purusa is named Sodasa-kala because He has the sixteen transcendental potencies, cited in an ancient work called Bhakti-viveka: Sri, Bhu, Kirti, Illa, Lila (also called Nila), Kanti, and Vidya, and the group of nine (Vimala, Utkarsini, Jnana, Kriya, Yoga, Prahvi, Satya, Isana, and Anugraha) (Laghu-bhagavatamrta 1.5.129). Jiva Gosvami reiterates this information (Laghu-vaisnavatosani 10.14.14). Those sisteen potencies are indicated in Bhagavatam: vrtam catuh-sodasa-panca-saktibhih, "He was surrounded by four potencies, sixteen potencies, and five potencies" (Bhagavatam 2.9.17) Laghu-bhagavatamrta 1.5.234). In addition, Jiva Gosvami saya the Lord is Sodasa-kala because He is replete with energies that are conducive to the creation of the universe. Visvanatha Cakravarti saya He is Sodasa-kala because He is full like a fullmoon. Sridhara Svami says He is Sodasa-kala in the sense that He has a mind, ten senses, and five elements. He specifies that although the Lord is not made of the elements, He is so called for the sake of meditating on Him, the inner controller of Virat and of the souls, as the Universal Form. In that regard, the Bhagavatam says: evam srstani bhutani pravistah panca-dhatubhih, ekadha dasadhatmanam vibhajan jusate gunan, "After entering bodies (as Paramatma), which are created by the five elements, the Lord divies Himself into one (the mind) and into ten (the ten senses) and makes the souls experience sensory objects" (Bhagavatam 11.3.4). It is implied that He figuratively divided Himself into the five elements as well.

The theme of sodasa-kala is the topic of the sixth question in prasna Upanisad. Bharadvaja asked Pippalada about the significance of the Purusa's designation of Sodasa-kala. Pippalada replied that the following sixteen fundamental worldly aspects originate in the Purusa: He created the life force (Mukhya-Prana); from it came faith, the five elements, the senses, the mind, food, strength, austerity, mantras, rites, the worlds, and names. Pippalada gave this analogy: Just as rivers, whose goal is the ocean, merge in the ocean merge in the ocean after reaching it and are then called "ocean" since their names and forms have come to nil, so these sixteen aspects of His disappear after attaining Him, the ultimate witness, and are called "Purusa" at that time since their names and forms have come to nil. Pippalada said that these sixteen aspects are in Him, the wheel of time, like spokes are on the wheel of a vehicle.

Contents

Introduction 9
The commentators 13
Translation
Mantra 1 19
Mantra 2 30
Mantra 3 39
Mantra 4 43
Mantra 5 46
Mantra 6 51
Mantra 7 54
Mantra 8 57
Mantra 9 60
Mantra 10 61
Mantra 11 63
Mantra 12 65
Mantra 13 66
Mantra 14 67
Mantra 15 68
Mantra 16 73
The Purusa-sukta in Visnu Purana
Dhruva's prayers 83

Sample Pages





Purusa-Sukta: The Most Ancient Vedic Hymn (With the Commentary of Saunaka)

Item Code:
NAL456
Cover:
Paperback
Edition:
2015
ISBN:
9788184030396
Language:
Sanskrit Text With Transliteration and Word-to-Word Meaning English Translation
Size:
7.5 inch x 5.0 inch
Pages:
97
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 120 gms
Price:
$21.00   Shipping Free
Look Inside the Book
Be the first to rate this product
Add to Wishlist
Send as e-card
Send as free online greeting card
Purusa-Sukta: The Most Ancient Vedic Hymn (With the Commentary of Saunaka)
From:
Edit     
You will be informed as and when your card is viewed. Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days.

Viewed 8785 times since 4th Feb, 2019
Back of the Book

This translation of Purusa-sukta includes the commentary of ancient authorities such as Saunaka and Sayana. The corresponding verses in Bhagavatam are also shown, accompanied with Sridhara Svami's and Visvanatha Cakravarti's commentaries.

Introduction

Srimad Bhagavatam combines poetry and philosophical conclusions: Purusa-sukta is the origin of that methodology. It is the most fundamental text of Vedic culture. Brahma worshiped Ksirodaka-sayi Visnu by mentally reciting the Purusa-sukta (Bhagavatam 10.1.20).

The Word sukta means hymn. The literal sense is 'well said' (su-uktam). There are more than thirty well-known suktas. The Sri-Vaisnavas honor a quintuple set: Purusa-sukta, Narayana-sukta, Bhu-sukta and Nila-sukta. The Purusa-sukta is seen in all four Vedas. Each version is slightly different: The number of verses varises and sometimes the readings differ. The version of Purusa-sukta below, from Rg-Veda Samhita (10.90.1-16), is the most famous. The German scholar Max Muller (1823-1900) writes: "As long as man continues to take an interest in the history of his race, and as long as we collect in libraries and museums the relics of former ages, the first place in that long row of books which contains the records of the Aryan branch of mankind will belong forever to the Rg-veda."

The Rg-Veda consists of ten mandalas (cantos). "Each mandala consists of hymns called sukta intended for various sacrificial rituals. The suktas in turn consist of individual stanzas called rc (praise)." Western scholars hold this opinion: "Philological and linguistic evidence indicate that the Rigveda was composed in the north-western region of the Indian subcontinent, most likely between c. 1500-1200 BCE, though a wider approximation of c. 1700-1100 BCE has also been given." Max Muller dates the Purusa-sukta between 1000 BCE and 800 BCE.

"The Vedas consist of three parts (rituals; worship) of gods; Brahman realization) and explain that the soul is Brahman. The Vedic mantras are esoteric and the Vedic seers speak in esoteric terms. I too prefer an indirect mode of expression" (Bhagavatam 11.21.35).

The Purusa-sukta of Rg-Veda is a hymn of sixteen verses. The first fifteen are in the anustup meter and the last one is in the tristup meter. These sixteen drops are profound like an ocean. The symbolism is deep: There are many layers of meaning. For instance, the Purusa, Visnu, is called Sodasa-kala (He has sixteen parts) (Bhagavatam 1.3.1; 5.18.18). The world as well is sodasa-kala: sodasa-kalam va idam sarvam (kausitaki Brahmana 8.1.16.4) (Satapatha Brahmana 1302.2.13).Accotding to Rupa Gosvami, the Purusa is named Sodasa-kala because He has the sixteen transcendental potencies, cited in an ancient work called Bhakti-viveka: Sri, Bhu, Kirti, Illa, Lila (also called Nila), Kanti, and Vidya, and the group of nine (Vimala, Utkarsini, Jnana, Kriya, Yoga, Prahvi, Satya, Isana, and Anugraha) (Laghu-bhagavatamrta 1.5.129). Jiva Gosvami reiterates this information (Laghu-vaisnavatosani 10.14.14). Those sisteen potencies are indicated in Bhagavatam: vrtam catuh-sodasa-panca-saktibhih, "He was surrounded by four potencies, sixteen potencies, and five potencies" (Bhagavatam 2.9.17) Laghu-bhagavatamrta 1.5.234). In addition, Jiva Gosvami saya the Lord is Sodasa-kala because He is replete with energies that are conducive to the creation of the universe. Visvanatha Cakravarti saya He is Sodasa-kala because He is full like a fullmoon. Sridhara Svami says He is Sodasa-kala in the sense that He has a mind, ten senses, and five elements. He specifies that although the Lord is not made of the elements, He is so called for the sake of meditating on Him, the inner controller of Virat and of the souls, as the Universal Form. In that regard, the Bhagavatam says: evam srstani bhutani pravistah panca-dhatubhih, ekadha dasadhatmanam vibhajan jusate gunan, "After entering bodies (as Paramatma), which are created by the five elements, the Lord divies Himself into one (the mind) and into ten (the ten senses) and makes the souls experience sensory objects" (Bhagavatam 11.3.4). It is implied that He figuratively divided Himself into the five elements as well.

The theme of sodasa-kala is the topic of the sixth question in prasna Upanisad. Bharadvaja asked Pippalada about the significance of the Purusa's designation of Sodasa-kala. Pippalada replied that the following sixteen fundamental worldly aspects originate in the Purusa: He created the life force (Mukhya-Prana); from it came faith, the five elements, the senses, the mind, food, strength, austerity, mantras, rites, the worlds, and names. Pippalada gave this analogy: Just as rivers, whose goal is the ocean, merge in the ocean merge in the ocean after reaching it and are then called "ocean" since their names and forms have come to nil, so these sixteen aspects of His disappear after attaining Him, the ultimate witness, and are called "Purusa" at that time since their names and forms have come to nil. Pippalada said that these sixteen aspects are in Him, the wheel of time, like spokes are on the wheel of a vehicle.

Contents

Introduction 9
The commentators 13
Translation
Mantra 1 19
Mantra 2 30
Mantra 3 39
Mantra 4 43
Mantra 5 46
Mantra 6 51
Mantra 7 54
Mantra 8 57
Mantra 9 60
Mantra 10 61
Mantra 11 63
Mantra 12 65
Mantra 13 66
Mantra 14 67
Mantra 15 68
Mantra 16 73
The Purusa-sukta in Visnu Purana
Dhruva's prayers 83

Sample Pages





Post a Comment
 
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy
Based on your browsing history
Loading... Please wait

Items Related to Purusa-Sukta: The Most Ancient Vedic Hymn (With the Commentary of... (Hindi | Books)

Rg Vedic Suktas: Gayatri and Others (A Contemplative Study)
by Swami Amritananda
Paperback (Edition: 2016)
Sri Ramakrishna Math
Item Code: IDI970
$8.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Sri Rudram and Purushasuktam
by Swami Amritananda
Paperback (Edition: 2013)
Sri Ramakrishna Math
Item Code: NAK111
$16.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Vedic View of Sri Jagannatha
Item Code: IDK892
$31.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Prayuktakhyata-Manjari (A Lexicon of Verbs That are Actually in Use)
by Sri Rupa Gosvami
Paperback (Edition: 2015)
Ras Bihari Lal and Sons
Item Code: NAL454
$31.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
LAKSMI (Lakshmi) TANTRA (A PANCARATRA TEXT)
Deal 20% Off
Item Code: IDD592
$45.00$36.00
You save: $9.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Man as Microcosm in Tantric Hinduism (An Old Book)
Item Code: NAM994
$21.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Testimonials
Rec'd. It is very very good. Thank you!
Usha, USA
Order a rare set of books generally not available. Received in great shape, a bit late, I am sure Exotic India team worked hard to obtain a copy. Thanks a lot for effort to support Indians World over!
Vivek Sathe
Shiva came today.  More wonderful  in person than the images  indicate.  Fast turn around is a bonus. Happy trail to you.
Henry, USA
Namaskaram. Thank you so much for my beautiful Durga Mata who is now present and emanating loving and vibrant energy in my home sweet home and beyond its walls.   High quality statue with intricate detail by design. Carved with love. I love it.   Durga herself lives in all of us.   Sathyam. Shivam. Sundaram.
Rekha, Chicago
People at Exotic India are Very helpful and Supportive. They have superb collection of everything related to INDIA.
Daksha, USA
I just wanted to let you know that the book arrived safely today, very well packaged. Thanks so much for your help. It is exactly what I needed! I will definitely order again from Exotic India with full confidence. Wishing you peace, health, and happiness in the New Year.
Susan, USA
Thank you guys! I got the book! Your relentless effort to set this order right is much appreciated!!
Utpal, USA
You guys always provide the best customer care. Thank you so much for this.
Devin, USA
On the 4th of January I received the ordered Peacock Bell Lamps in excellent condition. Thank you very much. 
Alexander, Moscow
Gracias por todo, Parvati es preciosa, ya le he recibido.
Joan Carlos, Spain
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2021 © Exotic India