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Books > History > Architecture > Monuments of India and the Indianized States: The Plans of major and Notable Temples, Tombs, Palace and Pavilions
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Monuments of India and the Indianized States: The Plans of major and Notable Temples, Tombs, Palace and Pavilions
Monuments of India and the Indianized States: The Plans of major and Notable Temples, Tombs, Palace and Pavilions
Description
Preface

When I first became involved in the study of Buddhist and Hindu Iconography, and later with Indian Muslim iconographic architecture, particularly Mughal, I was chagrined at the paucity of what might be considered as comprehensive material dealing with the arts of India or with Buddhism and Hinduism outside the subcontinent. I first became aware of the problem after purchasing several fine thangkas in Nepal. Upon returning home, I wished to discover the iconography of these paintings. It was a baptism of fire! Found a smidgen of information here and there but nothing comprehensive. I purchased or was given five books, which opened doors for me e. g., the publications of Antoinette Gordon, R.S. Gupte, B.O. Olschak, T.A. Gopinatha Rao and Rene de Nebesky- Wojkowitz. These were a beginning on a long arduous road.

Then my path led to the consideration of architecture, particularly architectural plans. I had always had an abiding interest in architecture, architectural history and architectural plans. I was further dismayed. Numerous books displayed plans of various structures, but most were so small as to defy definitive perception. They appeared nothing more than an afterthought. Emphasis was placed on architectural sculpture, engineering achievements and/ or materials.

George Coedes study caught my imagination, but it too lacked suitable plans. Again, I searched. Luckily I was able to obtain a number of books that more or less fulfilled my needs- e. g. , Paul Strachan Clarence Aasen Jacques Dumarcay and Michael Smithies Krishna Deva and H. Sarkar. These then were the seeds for my further studies and research. Numerous sources added many layers of nacre over the years. The results of which have appeared in print.

Then, I realized that even though my noted publications gave prime import to the plans theses plans were in contiguous but separate publications. Therefore this publication is an attempt to bring together those plans under a single cover. In some instances, plans have been added that do not appear in my previous publications.

Plans are central to this consideration. However, elevations are not to be discounted. In the presentation of the elevations, they are " proportional"- i.e. they are the depiction of major architectural forms and masses- and are not purported to be precise in the presentation of their minor, architectural details. The computer was utilized in the construction of these elevations. The plans, on the other hand, are relatively precise.

From the Jacket

This volume presents the plans of temples, tombs, palaces and pavilions found in the Indian subcontinents and the Indianized states of Java, the Khmer, Pagan, Thailand, Vietnam and Malaysia. They contain detailed diagrams of plans of over 380 structures along with a brief note on each plan that covers the various segments/ sections of each monument. The plans are precise and are presented along with their elevations, which are proportional, i.e. depict major architectural forms and masses. The period third century BC to CE 1854, pertain to different regions of India and different periods and dynasties in Indian history. They include famous structures like the cave monasteries at Ajanta, Sanchi temples, Rajasthani temples, the Lal Qila and the Taj Mahal as well as other lesser- known buildings. Monuments of the Mughals, the Sultanate kings, the Lodis, Tughaqs and Vijaynagar kings are among the Indian structures included.

The book will be useful for scholars of Buddhist, Hindu and Islamic architecture with particular reference to South Asian and South -East Asian regions.

Fredrick W. Bunce, Ph. D. a Cultural historian of international eminence is an authority on ancient iconography and Buddhist Arts. He has been honoured with prestigious awards / commendations and is listed in Who's Who in American Art and the International Biographical Dictionary1980. He is Currently Professor Emeritus of Art, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana. He has authored the following books, all published D. K. Printworld.

 

Contents
  Abbreviations xix
  Preface xxi
  Key to Transliteration xxii
 
Part I
Movements of India
The Plans of Major and Notable Temples, Tombs, Places and Pavilious
 
  Notes on the Movements of India 2
1 Stupa I, Sanci 29
2 Thuparama Dagoba, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka 30
3 Ravanveliseya Dagoba, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka 31
4 Caitya Hall, Karli 32
5 Buddhist Cave-Monastery # 2, Ajanta 33
6 Temple 17, Sanci 34
7 Temple 18, Sanci 35
8 Ladh Khan, Aihole 36
9 Parvati Temple, Nachna 37
10 Siva Temple, Bhumara 38
11 Kesariya Stupa (Deora)(proposed),Kesariya 39
12 Durga Temple, Aihole 40
13 Gupta Temple, Deogarh 41
14 Rudra- Bhairava Temple, Tala (Jethani) 42
15 The Great Temple (Mahesamurti), Elephanta 43
16 Siddhesvara Temple, Palari 44
17 Parasuramesvara Temple Bhubaneshwar 45
18 Svarga- Brahma Temple, Alampur 46
19 Shore temple, Mahabalipuram (Mamallapuram) 47
20 Kailasantha Temple, Kancipuram 48
21 Huchchimalli Temple, Aihole 49
22 Kalikamata Temple, Chittogarh 50
23 Laksanadevi temple, Brahmaur 51
24 Valabhi temple, Naresar 52
25 Siva Temple, Dhobini 53
26 Papanatha temple, Pattadkal 54
27 Martanda (Surya) temple, Mattan 55
28 Huchchapayya Temple, Aihole 56
29 Padma-Brahma Temple, Alampur 57
30 Virupaksa Temple, Pattadakal 58
31 Teli-ka-mandir Temple, Gwalior 59
32 Vaital Deul (Camunda) Temple, Bhubaneshwar 60
33 Sisiresvara temple, Bhubaneshwar 61
34 Siva Temple, Lakhamandal 62
35 Vaikuntha- perumal Temple, Kancipuram 63
36 Mahavira Temple, Osian 64
37 Siva Temple, Indore 65
38 Jaina Temple, No. 15, Deogarh 66
39 Maha-vihara Dharmapala, Paharpur, Bangladesh 67
40 Maha-vihara Dharmapala, Sanctuary 68
41 Krsna Temple, Tirukkulashekharapuram 69
42 Harsat- mata Temple, Abaneri 70
43 Brahma Temple, Kajuraho 71
44 Siva Temple, Thiruvanchikulam 72
45 Madhukesvara temple Complex, Mukhalingam 73
46 Siva temple, Tiruvanur 74
47 Hariscandra-ni-Chori Temple, Shamalaji 75
48 Vijayalaya-colisvara temple, Narttamalai 76
49 Basesar Mahadeva Temple, Bajaura 77
50 Avantisvami Temple, Avantipur 78
51 Brahmanasvami Temple, Varman 79
52 Jarai Math, Barwasagar 80
53 Kilatali Siva Temple, Thiruvanchikula 81
54 Kalasamharamurti Temple, Triprangod 82
55 Sasta temple (Karikkad Ksetram), Manjeri 83
56 Siva Temple, Masaon 84
57 Siva temple, Chandrehe 85
58 Siva Temple, Kaviyur 86
59 Laksmana Temple Ensemble, Khajuraho 87
60 Harsanath Mahadeva temple, Harsha 88
61 Subrahmanya Temple, Manjeri 89
62 Brhadisvara Temple, Thanjavur 90
63 Brhadisvara Temple Vimana (Detail) 91
64 Kandariya Mahadeo, Khajuraho 92
65 Dilwara Temples, Mount Abu, Rajasthan 93
66 Surya Temple Ensemble, Modhera 94
67 Surya temple & Sabhamandapa, Modhera 95
68 Surya Temple tank, Modhera 96
69 Vimala Vasahi temple, Mount Abu 97
70 Rajarani Temple, Bhubaneshwar 98
71 Rama Temple, Triprayar 99
72 Udayesvara temple, Udaipur 100
73 Brahmesvara Temple, Bhubaneshwar 101
74 Javari Temple, Khajuraho 102
75 Vatadage, Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka 103
76 Tivanka Pilimage, Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka 104
77 Varahi Temple, Chaurasi 105
78 Chausatha Yoginis & Gauri Sankara Temple, Bheraghat 106
79 Chennakesava Temple, Belur 107
80 Chennakesava Temple Vimana,(Detail) 108
81 Hoysalesvara Temple, Halebid 109
82 Hoysalesvara temple (Detail) 110
83 Ibrahim Shrine/Masjid, Bhadresvar 111
84 Solahkhambi Masjid, Bhadresvar 112
85 Choti Masjid, Bhadresvar 113
86 Qadi Taj al-din Masjid, Madura 114
87 Kampaharesvara Temple, Tribhuvanam 115
88 Quwwat-ul-Islam Masjid, Delhi,1st Stage 116
89 Quwwat-ul-Islam Masjid, Delhi, 2nd Stage 117
90 Quwwat-ul-Islam Masjid, Delhi 118
91 Luna Vasahi (Neminatha) temple, Mount Abu 119
92 Adinatha Temple, Mount Abu 120
93 Parsvanath temple, Mount Abu 121
94 Tomb no. 36, Delhi 122
95 Tomb of Sultan Ghari, Delhi 123
96 Tomb of Sultan Iltutmish, Delhi 124
97 Surya Temple, Konarak 125
98 Kesava temple, Somnathpur 126
99 Kesava temple( Delail) 127
100 Hauz Khas, Delhi (Partial) 128
101 Tomb of Sheikh Rukn-i Alam, Multan, Pakistan 129
102 Karim-ud-Din Masjid, Bijapur 130
103 Tomb of Ghiyas-ud-din Tughluq I, Delhi 131
104 Tomb of Ghiyas-ud-din Tughluq I (Ensemble) 132
105 Masjid-i Jami, Cambay 133
106 Masjid Begampuri, Delhi 134
107 Jami al-Kabir, Kayalpatnam 135
108 Ahmad Nainar Masjid, Kayalpatnam 136
108 Kotla Firuz, Delhi, 1st, 2nd, 3rd & 4th Storeys 137
110 Masjid Kalan, Delhi 138
111 Adina Masjid, Pandua 139
112 Vijayanagara, Qila, Vijayanagara 140
113 Vijayanagara, Padma Mahal, Square Water Pavilion 141
114 Vijayanagara, Elephant Stables, Domes & Plan 142
115 Geometric Tank, Vijayanagara 143
116 Masjid -i Jami, gulbarga 144
117 Masjid Ala al -din, Madura 145
118 Khirki Masjid, Delhi 146
119 Masjid -i Jami, Srinagar 147
120 Tomb of Khan-I Jihan Tilangani, Delhi 148
121 Tomb of firuz Shah Tughluq, Delhi 149
122 Atala Masjid, Jaunpur 150
123 Shadiabad, Mandu 151
124 Jahaz Mahal, Shadiabad 152
125 Hindola Mahal, Shadiabad, Plan 1st Storey & 2nd Storey 153
126 Dilwar Khan Masjid, Shadiabad, Mandu 154
127 Bidargarh, Bidar 155
128 Solah Khamba Masjid, Bidar 156
129 Rani Separi Masjid , Ahmedabad 157
130 tomb of Jalau -ud din Mahammad Shah, Pandua 158
131 Tomb of Rani Rupmati , Ahmedabad 159
132 Rani Rupmati Masjid, Ahmedabad 160
133 Kumbhalgarh, Chittor 161
134 Tomb of Mubarak Shah Sayyid, Delhi 162
135 Masjid -I Jami , Jaunpur 163
136 Adinatha Temple, Ranakpur 164
137 Tomb of Hushang Shah Mandu 165
138 Masjid-I Jami ,Mandu 166
139 Masjid Ahmad Shah, Ahmedabad 167
140 Qadiriya Masjid, Kayalpatnam 168
141 Masjid -I Jami, Sarkhej (Ahmedabad) 169
142 Meherangarh, Jodhpur 170
143 Sayyid Usman Rauza (Mausoleum) 171
144 Sayyid Usman Rauza, ensemble 172
145 Tomb of Chotte Khan Ka Gunbad, Delhi 173
146 Gunmani Masjid, Gaur 174
147 Tomb of Mubarak Sayyid, Mahmudabad 175
148 Masjid-I Jami, Champaner 176
149 Man Mandir, Gwalior 177
150 Man Mandir, Gujari Mahal, Ground Plan 178
151 Gingee Mandir 179
152 Wav Dada Harir (Baoli Bai Hari) Asarwa 180
153 Mahalingesvara Temple, Aduru 181
154 Bhagavati Temple, Truvalattur 182
155 Siva Temple, Vaikam 183
156 Ainapur Mahal, Ainapur 184
157 Water Pavilion (Hammam), Kumatagi 185
158 Vitthala (Vithoba) Temple Hampi 186
159 Vitthala (Vithoba) Temple (Detail) 187
160 Jambukesvara Temple, Tiruchirapalli 188
161 Chota Sona Masjid, gaur 189
162 Tomb of Sikandar Lodi, Delhi 190
163 Tomb of Hasan Khan Sur, Saseram 191
164 Tomb of Sher Shah (podium) 192
165 Tomb of Sher Shah (Ensemble) 193
166 Tomb of Sher Shah , Proportional elevation and half Plan 194
167 Tomb of Isa Khan Niyazi, Delhi 195
168 Tomb of Isa Khan Niyazi Ensemble 196
169 Rettaikulampalli Masjid, Kayalpatnam 197
170 Safa Masjid, Ponda 198
171 Raja Mandir , Orchha 199
172 Raja Mandir, Plan 2nd Storey & 3rd Storey 200
173 Raja Mandir, Plan roof line & fioorplan based on Hindu ideal 201
174 Raja Mandir, Proportional elevation & half plan 202
175 Masjid -I Jami, Bijapur 203
176 Gagan Mahal Bijapur 204
177 Tomb of Adham Khan, Delhi 205
178 Tomb of Adham Khan, Proportional elevation and Half Plan 206
179 Lal Qila (red fort) Agra 207
180 Lal Qila (red Fort) (detail), residential areas 208
181 Tomb of Humayun, Delhi 209
182 Tomb of Humayun, Mausoleum, raised podium & terrace 210
183 Tomb of Humayun , Ensemble 211
184 Tomb of Humayun, Proportional elevation and half plan 212
185 Tomb of Humayun Ghaus, Gwalior 213
186 Fatehpur Sikri 214
187 Masjid-I Jami, Fatehpur Sikri 215
188 "Diwan-I Khas," Fatehpur Sikri, Plan 1st & 2nd Storeys 216
189 "Diwan-I Khas ," Fatehpur Sikri Proportional elevation & 1st story half plan 217
190 Birbal Bhavan, Fatehpur Sikri, Plan,1st & 2nd Storeys 218
191 Jodh- Bai Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri, plan,1st storey 219
192 Jodh Bai Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri plan, 2nd storey 220
193 Sunahra Makan,(Miriam's House), Fatehpur Sikri 221
194 Panca Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri, 1st storey plan 222
195 Panca Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri, Plan upper storeys 223
196 Mithqalpalli Masjid, Calicut 224
197 Govind Deva Temple, Brindaban 225
198 Tomb of Akbar (ground level plan), Sikandra 226
199 Tomb of Akbar, 2nd storey plan 227
200 Tomb of Akbar, 3rd storey plan 228
201 Tomb of Akbar, 4th storey plan 229
202 Tomb of Akbar, 5th storey plan 230
203 Tomb of Akbar, Ensemble 231
204 Tomb of Akbar, proportional elevation and 1st storey half plan 232
205 Chandragiri Palace (Raja Mahal), Tirupati 233
206 Chandragiri Place, Raja Mahal, 2nd & 3rd storeys 234
207 Rana Mahal , Chandragiri 235
208 City Place, Udaipur 236
209 City Place, Udaipur, indicating the four levels 237
210 Farah Bagh (Feria Bagh), Ahmadnagar 238
211 Raj Mahal Amber 239
212 Diwan-I Amm Chowk and Residential Chowk, Raj Mahal 240
213 Ali Shahid Pir Masjid, Bijapur 241
214 Jahangir Mandir, (Jahangiri Mahal), Orchha 242
215 Jahangir Mandir, 3rd storey & roofline plan 243
216 Jahangir Mandir, Proportional elevation & Half plan 244
217 Anda Masjid, Bijapur 245
218 Tomb of Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah, Golconda 246
219 Tomb of Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah, proportional elevation & half plan 247
220 Ibrahim Rauza, Mausoleum, Bijapur 248
221 Ibrahim Rauza Masjid , Bijapur 249
222 Ibrahim Rauza ,Ensemble 250
223 Ibrahim Rauza, proportional elevation& half plan 251
224 Tomb of Iftikhar Khan, Chunar 252
225 Tomb of Iftikhar Khan, proportional elevation & half plan 253
226 Tom of Shah Daulat, Maner 254
227 Tomb of Shah Dault, proportional elevation & half plan 255
228 Govind Mandir (Bir Singh Judeo Mahal), Datia 256
229 Govind Mandir, plan, 2nd & 3rd storeys 257
230 Govind Mandir, plan 4th & 5th storeys 258
231 Govind Mandir(Bir Singh Judeo Mahal), proportional elevation & half plan 259
232 Jag Mandir, Udaipur 260
233 Gul Mahal , Jag Mandir, plan (partial) 261
234 Manaksi Sundaresvara Temple, Madurai 262
235 Shahi Bagh, Ahmedabad 263
236 Tomb of khan Khanan, Delhi 264
237 Tomb of Jahagir, Lahore, Pakistan 265
238 Tomb of Jahagir(Ensemble) 266
239 Tomb of Jahagir, proportional elevation and 1st storey half plan 267
240 Gol Gumbaz, Bijapur 268
241 Gol Gumbaz Masjid , Bijapur 269
242 Gol Gumbaz, proportional elevation & half plan 270
243 Tomb of Johan Begum , Ainapur 271
244 Tomb of I timad-ud-daula(1st level), Agra 272
245 Tomb of I'timad-ud-daula(plan 2nd level) 273
246 Tomb of I'timad-ud-daula, proportional elevation & half plan 274
247 Masjid Wazir Khan, Lahore 275
248 Lal Qila (Shahjahanabad), Delhi 276
249 Lal Qila (Shahjahanabad), Imperial Pavilions indicating Type 277
250 Diwan-I-Am, Lal Qila (Shahjanabad) 278
251 Pearl Masque, Lal Qila (Shahjanabad) 279
252 Baksh Bagh(A) & Mahtab Bagh (B),Lal Qila (Shahjahanabad) 280
253 Dault Kothi, Bijapur, 1st & 2nd storeys 281
254 Taj Mahal (1st Level), Agra 282
255 Taj Mahal (2nd level) 283
256 Taj Mahal (Ensemble) 284
257 Taj Mahal, proportional elevation & half plan 285
258 Masjid-I Jami, Delhi 286
259 Masjid -I Jami , Tatta 287
260 Athar Mahal (Dad Mahal), Bijapur 288
261 Marakkkayarpalli (Masjid), Kayalpatnam 289
262 Nayaka Mahal, Madurai 290
263 Mecca Masjid, Bijapur 291
264 Jagadisa Temple Tank, Udaipur 292
265 Afzal Khan Rauza, Bijapur 293
266 Afzal Khan Rauza Masjid, Bijapur 294
267 Afzal Khan Rauza, proportional elevation & half plan 295
268 Shah Navaz Khan Rauza, Bijapur 296
269 Shah Navaz Khan Rauza Masjid, Bijapur 297
270 Tomb of Shah Navaz Khan Elevation & half plan 298
271 Tomb of Ali'Adil Shah II, Bijapur 299
272 Tomb of Ali' Adil Shah II (Cousen's elevation) 300
273 Tomb of Ali' Adil Shah II, proportional elevation(Suggested) & half plan 301
274 Masjid Badshahi, Lahore 302
275 Deeg-garh (Garden Palace),Deeg 303
276 Deeg-garh(Garden Palace), plan detial 304
277 City Palace, Jaipur 305
278 Mubarak Mahal, City Palace, Jaipur 306
279 Sarvato Bhadra, City Palace, Jaipur 307
280 Padmanabhapuram, Kanyakumari 308
281 Padmanabhapuram, Plan detail, compounds I, II & III 309
282 Tomb of Safdar Jang, Delhi 310
283 Tomb of Safdar Jang, Ensemble 311
284 Tomb of Safdar Jang, Proportional elevation & half plan 312
285 Ramachandra Temple (temple level), Jaipur 313
 
Part II
 
 
Monuments of the Indianized States
 
 
"The plans of Major and Notable Temples and Tombs of Java, The Khmer, Pagan, Thailand,Vietnam and Malayasia"
 
  Notes on the Monuments of the Indianized states 316
  Monuments of Java 325
286 Borobudur, Java 326
287 Borobudur, proportional half elevation & quarter plan 327
288 Chandi Kalasan, Java 328
289 Chandi Lumbung Ensemble, Prambanan, Java 329
290 Chandi Sewu Ensemble, Prambanan, Java 330
291 Chandi Sewu Sanctuary 331
292 Chandi Perwara(First court ), Chandi Sewu, Prambanan, Proportional elevation 332
293 Loro Jonggrang Ensemble, Prambanan, Java 333
294 Chandi Brhna Loro Jonggrang, Prambanan proportional elevation 334
295 Chandi Sari, Java, Prambanan Java 335
296 Chandi Sari, Prambanan Java, Proportional elevation 336
297 Chandi Djago, Malang Java 337
298 Chandi Djaga, Malang, Java, Proportional, elevation 338
299 Chandi Panataran Sanctuary, Blitar (Kediri), Java 339
300 Chandi Panataran, Ensemble 340
  Monuments of the Khmer 341
301 Preah Ko, Roluos (Hariharalaya), ensemble 342
302 Shrine, Preah Ko 343
303 Bakong, Roluos (Hariharalaya), ensemble 344
304 Bakong, mount ensemble 345
305 Phnom Bakheng, Angkor (Yasodharapura), ensemble 346
306 Phnom Bakheng, mount ensemble 347
307 Ph nom Krom, Angkor 348
308 Baksei Chamkrong, Angkor (Yasodharapura), ensemble 349
309 East Mebon, Angkor (Yasodharapura), ensemble 350
310 East Mebon, central ensemble 351
311 Preah Rup, ensemble 352
312 Preah Rup, central ensemble 353
313 Banteay Srei, ensemble 354
314 Banteay Srei central ensemble 355
315 Ta Keo, ensemble 356
316 Ta Keo, quincunx ensemble 357
317 Ta Keo, Principle shrine with plinth 358
318 Phimeanakas, ensemble 359
319 Baphuon, ensemble 360
320 Baphuon, mount ensemble 361
321 Phimai Temple (Prasat Hin Phimai), Khorat, Thailand 362
322 Phimai Temple, detail 363
323 Phimai Temple, Sanctuary 364
324 Angkor Wat, ensemble 365
325 Angkor Wat, Sanctuary ensemble 366
326 Northwest Library Angkor Wat 367
327 Chau Say Tevoda, ensemble 368
328 Thommanon, ensemble 369
329 Banteay Samre, ensemble 370
330 Banteay Samre Temple, Central Shrine 371
331 Phanom Rung, Thailand, ensemble 372
332 Phanom Rung, detail, sanctuary with ramp 373
333 Phanom Rung, sanctuary ensemble 374
334 Banteay Kdei, ensemble 375
335 Banteay Kdei, central ensemble 376
336 Banteay Kdei, Hall of the dancing Girls 377
337 Neak Pean, ensemble 378
238 Bayon ensemble 379
239 Bayon, Central ensemble 380
340 Bayon sanctuary 381
341 Ta Prohm, ensemble from eastern gopura 382
342 Ta Prohm, central ensemble 383
343 Ta Prohm, sanctuary ensemble 384
344 Preah Khan, ensemble 385
345 Preah Khan, central ensemble 386
  Monuments of Pagan 387
346 Nat- Hlaung- Kyaung, Pagan 388
347 Nan- Hpaya, Pagan 389
348 Myin-Pya-Gu, pagan 390
349 Shwe- Zigon Pagoda, Pagan 391
350 Naga-Yon, Pagan 392
351 Ananda Temple, Pagan 393
352 Ananda, Pagan, Proportional elevation & half plan 394
353 That- Byin- Nyu, Pagan 395
354 That-Byin-Nyu, Proportional elevation 396
355 That Byin-Nyu, Proportional elevation with ground floor and mezzanine quarter plans 397
356 Dhamma-Yan-Gyi, Pagan 398
357 Dhamma-Yan-Gyi, proportional elevation & half plan 399
358 Gawdaw-Palin, Pagan 400
359 Gawdaw-Palin, Proportional elevation & half plan 401
360 Myinkaba kubyauk-Nge, Pagan 402
361 Bogyoke- Mi Kubyauk, pagan 403
362 Dhamma- Yazika, pagan 404
363 Dhamma-Yazika, Proportional elevation &half plan 405
364 Gandhakuti, Dhamma-Yazika, plan & Ensemble . 406
365 Somin -Gyi Ok- Kyaung (Monastery), Pagan 407
366 Mingala- zeidi, Pagan 408
367 Mingala-zeidi, Proposed proportional elevation 409
368 Pentagonal Temple (Panca- Buddhas) Pagan 410
369 Paya- Thon-Zu, Pagan 411
  Monuments of Thailand 413
370 Chedi Wat Kukut, Lamphun 414
371 Chedi Wat Chang Lom, Si Satchanalai 415
372 Wat Phra Chao Phanan Choeng, Ayutthaya 416
373 Wat Mahathat, Sukhothai 417
374 Chedi Wat Mahathat, Chedi ensemble 418
375 Wat Phara Si Rattana Mahathat, Ayutthaya 419
376 Wat Phra Ram (Central Shrine),Ayutthaya 420
377 Prang, Wat Phra Ram, proportional elevation 421
378 Wat Ratchaburana (Wat Ratburana), Ayutthaya 422
379 Chedi Chet Yot (Central Shrine), Chiang Mai 423
380 Wat Chedi Chet Yot, roof plan 424
381 Chedi Chet Yot, Proportional elevation 425
382 Wat Pra Si Sanphet, Ayutthaya 426
383 Wat Pra Si Sanphet, Central Shrines 427
384 Chedi Wat Phu Khao Thong, Ayutthaya 428
385 Wat Chai Watthanaram, Ayutthaya Central Shrine 429
386 Wat Phru Chetuphon Wimonmangkhalaram, Bangkok 430
387 Wat Phru Chetuphon Wimonmangkhalaram, ubosot ensemble 431
388 Lohaprasad,Wat Ratchanatdaram, Bangkok 432
389 Lohaprasad,Wat Ratchanatdaram, plan of third through fifth storey 433
390 Lahaprasad, Wat Ratchanatdaram, proportional elevation and half plan 434
391 Wat Arun Rajtharam, Thonburi 435
392 Prang, Wat Arun Rajtharam, proportional elevation from 4th level 436
  Monuments of Vietnam 437
393 Pho-hai Shrine, Phan-thiet 438
394 Khuong my South Shrine, n. Hoi-an 439
395 Dong-duong Monastery, Dong Duong 440
396 Dong-duong Monastery, Western Sanctuary 441
397 Temple A-1, Mi Son Vietnam, Proportional elevation 442
398 Po Nagar, Nha Trang, Vietnam, proportional elevation 443
  Monuments of Malaysia 445
399 Masjid Tranquerah, Malacca 446
400 Masjid Terenhkera, Malacca, proportional elevation 447
401 Masjid Kampung Laut, Kampung Laut, Kelantan 448
402 Masjid Kampung Laut, Kampung Laut ,Kelantan, proportional elevation 449
403 Masjid Kampung Kling, Malacca 450
404 Masjid Kampung Hulu, Malacca 451
405 Masjid Kampung Hulu, Malacca, proportional elevation 452
  Bibliography 453
  Appendix A: Glossary 461
406 Axiality 462
407 Cross-Axiality 463
408 Mirror Cross-Axiality 464
409 Rotating Axiality 465
410 Multiple Non-Perpendicular Axiality 466
411 Multiple Non- Perpendicular Axiality 467
Terms   468
  Appendix B: Comparative examples 481
412 Hindu Temple Types & Palace Ideal 482
413 Siva Temple, Kanviyur & Subrahmanya Temple, Manjeri 483
414 Laksmana Temple & Kandariya Mahadeo, Khajuraho 484
415 Kandariya Mahadeo, Khajuraho proportional elevation 485
416 Tomb of Mubarak sayyid Section 486
417 Tomb of Sher Shah & Tomb of Adham Khan 487
418 Tomb of Humayun Elevation with podium 488
419 Chandragiri Palace (Raja Mahal) proportional elevation and 1st storey plan 489
420 Tomb of Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah, Diagonal elevation & half plan 490
421 Ibrahim Rauza, Mausoleum Section 491
422 Ibrahim Rauza & Tomb of Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah Comparison based on block & dome 492
423 Tomb of Khan Khanan Elevation with Podium 493
424 Gol Gumbaz Section 494
425 Taj Mahal Elevation with Podium 495
426 Taj Mahal Section 496
427 Proportional Comparison, Elevations Dome and drum to ground of Gur-Emir, Ibrahim Rauza, Mohammed Quli Qutb Shah & Taj Mahal 497
428 Proportional Comparison, Elevations Width to height of : Chotte Khan Khanan & Taj Mahal 498
429 Comparison, Half elevation of the Tomb of Humayun & the Taj Mahal 499
430 Tomb Of Shah Navaz Khan Elevations & half plans from the South and diagonal 500
431 Tomb of Safdar Jang Elevation with podium 501
432 Angkor 502
433 Mahabodhi, Pasan & Chedi Chet Yot, Chiang Mai, indicating comparative scale 503
434 Chendebjiu Stupa, Bhutan & Chedi Si Suriyothai, Ayutthaya 504
  Appendix C: Indian Empires 505
  Addendum 513
435 Devi Jagadamba Temple, Khajuraho 514
436 Devi Basappa Temple, Dambal 515
437 Masjid-I Jami, Ajmer 516
  Acknowledgement 517

Monuments of India and the Indianized States: The Plans of major and Notable Temples, Tombs, Palace and Pavilions

Item Code:
IDI054
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
2007
ISBN:
8124603855
Size:
8.8"X 11.3"
Pages:
538 (Black & white figures:437, Maps: 6)
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$90.00   Shipping Free - 4 to 6 days
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Preface

When I first became involved in the study of Buddhist and Hindu Iconography, and later with Indian Muslim iconographic architecture, particularly Mughal, I was chagrined at the paucity of what might be considered as comprehensive material dealing with the arts of India or with Buddhism and Hinduism outside the subcontinent. I first became aware of the problem after purchasing several fine thangkas in Nepal. Upon returning home, I wished to discover the iconography of these paintings. It was a baptism of fire! Found a smidgen of information here and there but nothing comprehensive. I purchased or was given five books, which opened doors for me e. g., the publications of Antoinette Gordon, R.S. Gupte, B.O. Olschak, T.A. Gopinatha Rao and Rene de Nebesky- Wojkowitz. These were a beginning on a long arduous road.

Then my path led to the consideration of architecture, particularly architectural plans. I had always had an abiding interest in architecture, architectural history and architectural plans. I was further dismayed. Numerous books displayed plans of various structures, but most were so small as to defy definitive perception. They appeared nothing more than an afterthought. Emphasis was placed on architectural sculpture, engineering achievements and/ or materials.

George Coedes study caught my imagination, but it too lacked suitable plans. Again, I searched. Luckily I was able to obtain a number of books that more or less fulfilled my needs- e. g. , Paul Strachan Clarence Aasen Jacques Dumarcay and Michael Smithies Krishna Deva and H. Sarkar. These then were the seeds for my further studies and research. Numerous sources added many layers of nacre over the years. The results of which have appeared in print.

Then, I realized that even though my noted publications gave prime import to the plans theses plans were in contiguous but separate publications. Therefore this publication is an attempt to bring together those plans under a single cover. In some instances, plans have been added that do not appear in my previous publications.

Plans are central to this consideration. However, elevations are not to be discounted. In the presentation of the elevations, they are " proportional"- i.e. they are the depiction of major architectural forms and masses- and are not purported to be precise in the presentation of their minor, architectural details. The computer was utilized in the construction of these elevations. The plans, on the other hand, are relatively precise.

From the Jacket

This volume presents the plans of temples, tombs, palaces and pavilions found in the Indian subcontinents and the Indianized states of Java, the Khmer, Pagan, Thailand, Vietnam and Malaysia. They contain detailed diagrams of plans of over 380 structures along with a brief note on each plan that covers the various segments/ sections of each monument. The plans are precise and are presented along with their elevations, which are proportional, i.e. depict major architectural forms and masses. The period third century BC to CE 1854, pertain to different regions of India and different periods and dynasties in Indian history. They include famous structures like the cave monasteries at Ajanta, Sanchi temples, Rajasthani temples, the Lal Qila and the Taj Mahal as well as other lesser- known buildings. Monuments of the Mughals, the Sultanate kings, the Lodis, Tughaqs and Vijaynagar kings are among the Indian structures included.

The book will be useful for scholars of Buddhist, Hindu and Islamic architecture with particular reference to South Asian and South -East Asian regions.

Fredrick W. Bunce, Ph. D. a Cultural historian of international eminence is an authority on ancient iconography and Buddhist Arts. He has been honoured with prestigious awards / commendations and is listed in Who's Who in American Art and the International Biographical Dictionary1980. He is Currently Professor Emeritus of Art, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana. He has authored the following books, all published D. K. Printworld.

 

Contents
  Abbreviations xix
  Preface xxi
  Key to Transliteration xxii
 
Part I
Movements of India
The Plans of Major and Notable Temples, Tombs, Places and Pavilious
 
  Notes on the Movements of India 2
1 Stupa I, Sanci 29
2 Thuparama Dagoba, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka 30
3 Ravanveliseya Dagoba, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka 31
4 Caitya Hall, Karli 32
5 Buddhist Cave-Monastery # 2, Ajanta 33
6 Temple 17, Sanci 34
7 Temple 18, Sanci 35
8 Ladh Khan, Aihole 36
9 Parvati Temple, Nachna 37
10 Siva Temple, Bhumara 38
11 Kesariya Stupa (Deora)(proposed),Kesariya 39
12 Durga Temple, Aihole 40
13 Gupta Temple, Deogarh 41
14 Rudra- Bhairava Temple, Tala (Jethani) 42
15 The Great Temple (Mahesamurti), Elephanta 43
16 Siddhesvara Temple, Palari 44
17 Parasuramesvara Temple Bhubaneshwar 45
18 Svarga- Brahma Temple, Alampur 46
19 Shore temple, Mahabalipuram (Mamallapuram) 47
20 Kailasantha Temple, Kancipuram 48
21 Huchchimalli Temple, Aihole 49
22 Kalikamata Temple, Chittogarh 50
23 Laksanadevi temple, Brahmaur 51
24 Valabhi temple, Naresar 52
25 Siva Temple, Dhobini 53
26 Papanatha temple, Pattadkal 54
27 Martanda (Surya) temple, Mattan 55
28 Huchchapayya Temple, Aihole 56
29 Padma-Brahma Temple, Alampur 57
30 Virupaksa Temple, Pattadakal 58
31 Teli-ka-mandir Temple, Gwalior 59
32 Vaital Deul (Camunda) Temple, Bhubaneshwar 60
33 Sisiresvara temple, Bhubaneshwar 61
34 Siva Temple, Lakhamandal 62
35 Vaikuntha- perumal Temple, Kancipuram 63
36 Mahavira Temple, Osian 64
37 Siva Temple, Indore 65
38 Jaina Temple, No. 15, Deogarh 66
39 Maha-vihara Dharmapala, Paharpur, Bangladesh 67
40 Maha-vihara Dharmapala, Sanctuary 68
41 Krsna Temple, Tirukkulashekharapuram 69
42 Harsat- mata Temple, Abaneri 70
43 Brahma Temple, Kajuraho 71
44 Siva Temple, Thiruvanchikulam 72
45 Madhukesvara temple Complex, Mukhalingam 73
46 Siva temple, Tiruvanur 74
47 Hariscandra-ni-Chori Temple, Shamalaji 75
48 Vijayalaya-colisvara temple, Narttamalai 76
49 Basesar Mahadeva Temple, Bajaura 77
50 Avantisvami Temple, Avantipur 78
51 Brahmanasvami Temple, Varman 79
52 Jarai Math, Barwasagar 80
53 Kilatali Siva Temple, Thiruvanchikula 81
54 Kalasamharamurti Temple, Triprangod 82
55 Sasta temple (Karikkad Ksetram), Manjeri 83
56 Siva Temple, Masaon 84
57 Siva temple, Chandrehe 85
58 Siva Temple, Kaviyur 86
59 Laksmana Temple Ensemble, Khajuraho 87
60 Harsanath Mahadeva temple, Harsha 88
61 Subrahmanya Temple, Manjeri 89
62 Brhadisvara Temple, Thanjavur 90
63 Brhadisvara Temple Vimana (Detail) 91
64 Kandariya Mahadeo, Khajuraho 92
65 Dilwara Temples, Mount Abu, Rajasthan 93
66 Surya Temple Ensemble, Modhera 94
67 Surya temple & Sabhamandapa, Modhera 95
68 Surya Temple tank, Modhera 96
69 Vimala Vasahi temple, Mount Abu 97
70 Rajarani Temple, Bhubaneshwar 98
71 Rama Temple, Triprayar 99
72 Udayesvara temple, Udaipur 100
73 Brahmesvara Temple, Bhubaneshwar 101
74 Javari Temple, Khajuraho 102
75 Vatadage, Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka 103
76 Tivanka Pilimage, Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka 104
77 Varahi Temple, Chaurasi 105
78 Chausatha Yoginis & Gauri Sankara Temple, Bheraghat 106
79 Chennakesava Temple, Belur 107
80 Chennakesava Temple Vimana,(Detail) 108
81 Hoysalesvara Temple, Halebid 109
82 Hoysalesvara temple (Detail) 110
83 Ibrahim Shrine/Masjid, Bhadresvar 111
84 Solahkhambi Masjid, Bhadresvar 112
85 Choti Masjid, Bhadresvar 113
86 Qadi Taj al-din Masjid, Madura 114
87 Kampaharesvara Temple, Tribhuvanam 115
88 Quwwat-ul-Islam Masjid, Delhi,1st Stage 116
89 Quwwat-ul-Islam Masjid, Delhi, 2nd Stage 117
90 Quwwat-ul-Islam Masjid, Delhi 118
91 Luna Vasahi (Neminatha) temple, Mount Abu 119
92 Adinatha Temple, Mount Abu 120
93 Parsvanath temple, Mount Abu 121
94 Tomb no. 36, Delhi 122
95 Tomb of Sultan Ghari, Delhi 123
96 Tomb of Sultan Iltutmish, Delhi 124
97 Surya Temple, Konarak 125
98 Kesava temple, Somnathpur 126
99 Kesava temple( Delail) 127
100 Hauz Khas, Delhi (Partial) 128
101 Tomb of Sheikh Rukn-i Alam, Multan, Pakistan 129
102 Karim-ud-Din Masjid, Bijapur 130
103 Tomb of Ghiyas-ud-din Tughluq I, Delhi 131
104 Tomb of Ghiyas-ud-din Tughluq I (Ensemble) 132
105 Masjid-i Jami, Cambay 133
106 Masjid Begampuri, Delhi 134
107 Jami al-Kabir, Kayalpatnam 135
108 Ahmad Nainar Masjid, Kayalpatnam 136
108 Kotla Firuz, Delhi, 1st, 2nd, 3rd & 4th Storeys 137
110 Masjid Kalan, Delhi 138
111 Adina Masjid, Pandua 139
112 Vijayanagara, Qila, Vijayanagara 140
113 Vijayanagara, Padma Mahal, Square Water Pavilion 141
114 Vijayanagara, Elephant Stables, Domes & Plan 142
115 Geometric Tank, Vijayanagara 143
116 Masjid -i Jami, gulbarga 144
117 Masjid Ala al -din, Madura 145
118 Khirki Masjid, Delhi 146
119 Masjid -i Jami, Srinagar 147
120 Tomb of Khan-I Jihan Tilangani, Delhi 148
121 Tomb of firuz Shah Tughluq, Delhi 149
122 Atala Masjid, Jaunpur 150
123 Shadiabad, Mandu 151
124 Jahaz Mahal, Shadiabad 152
125 Hindola Mahal, Shadiabad, Plan 1st Storey & 2nd Storey 153
126 Dilwar Khan Masjid, Shadiabad, Mandu 154
127 Bidargarh, Bidar 155
128 Solah Khamba Masjid, Bidar 156
129 Rani Separi Masjid , Ahmedabad 157
130 tomb of Jalau -ud din Mahammad Shah, Pandua 158
131 Tomb of Rani Rupmati , Ahmedabad 159
132 Rani Rupmati Masjid, Ahmedabad 160
133 Kumbhalgarh, Chittor 161
134 Tomb of Mubarak Shah Sayyid, Delhi 162
135 Masjid -I Jami , Jaunpur 163
136 Adinatha Temple, Ranakpur 164
137 Tomb of Hushang Shah Mandu 165
138 Masjid-I Jami ,Mandu 166
139 Masjid Ahmad Shah, Ahmedabad 167
140 Qadiriya Masjid, Kayalpatnam 168
141 Masjid -I Jami, Sarkhej (Ahmedabad) 169
142 Meherangarh, Jodhpur 170
143 Sayyid Usman Rauza (Mausoleum) 171
144 Sayyid Usman Rauza, ensemble 172
145 Tomb of Chotte Khan Ka Gunbad, Delhi 173
146 Gunmani Masjid, Gaur 174
147 Tomb of Mubarak Sayyid, Mahmudabad 175
148 Masjid-I Jami, Champaner 176
149 Man Mandir, Gwalior 177
150 Man Mandir, Gujari Mahal, Ground Plan 178
151 Gingee Mandir 179
152 Wav Dada Harir (Baoli Bai Hari) Asarwa 180
153 Mahalingesvara Temple, Aduru 181
154 Bhagavati Temple, Truvalattur 182
155 Siva Temple, Vaikam 183
156 Ainapur Mahal, Ainapur 184
157 Water Pavilion (Hammam), Kumatagi 185
158 Vitthala (Vithoba) Temple Hampi 186
159 Vitthala (Vithoba) Temple (Detail) 187
160 Jambukesvara Temple, Tiruchirapalli 188
161 Chota Sona Masjid, gaur 189
162 Tomb of Sikandar Lodi, Delhi 190
163 Tomb of Hasan Khan Sur, Saseram 191
164 Tomb of Sher Shah (podium) 192
165 Tomb of Sher Shah (Ensemble) 193
166 Tomb of Sher Shah , Proportional elevation and half Plan 194
167 Tomb of Isa Khan Niyazi, Delhi 195
168 Tomb of Isa Khan Niyazi Ensemble 196
169 Rettaikulampalli Masjid, Kayalpatnam 197
170 Safa Masjid, Ponda 198
171 Raja Mandir , Orchha 199
172 Raja Mandir, Plan 2nd Storey & 3rd Storey 200
173 Raja Mandir, Plan roof line & fioorplan based on Hindu ideal 201
174 Raja Mandir, Proportional elevation & half plan 202
175 Masjid -I Jami, Bijapur 203
176 Gagan Mahal Bijapur 204
177 Tomb of Adham Khan, Delhi 205
178 Tomb of Adham Khan, Proportional elevation and Half Plan 206
179 Lal Qila (red fort) Agra 207
180 Lal Qila (red Fort) (detail), residential areas 208
181 Tomb of Humayun, Delhi 209
182 Tomb of Humayun, Mausoleum, raised podium & terrace 210
183 Tomb of Humayun , Ensemble 211
184 Tomb of Humayun, Proportional elevation and half plan 212
185 Tomb of Humayun Ghaus, Gwalior 213
186 Fatehpur Sikri 214
187 Masjid-I Jami, Fatehpur Sikri 215
188 "Diwan-I Khas," Fatehpur Sikri, Plan 1st & 2nd Storeys 216
189 "Diwan-I Khas ," Fatehpur Sikri Proportional elevation & 1st story half plan 217
190 Birbal Bhavan, Fatehpur Sikri, Plan,1st & 2nd Storeys 218
191 Jodh- Bai Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri, plan,1st storey 219
192 Jodh Bai Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri plan, 2nd storey 220
193 Sunahra Makan,(Miriam's House), Fatehpur Sikri 221
194 Panca Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri, 1st storey plan 222
195 Panca Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri, Plan upper storeys 223
196 Mithqalpalli Masjid, Calicut 224
197 Govind Deva Temple, Brindaban 225
198 Tomb of Akbar (ground level plan), Sikandra 226
199 Tomb of Akbar, 2nd storey plan 227
200 Tomb of Akbar, 3rd storey plan 228
201 Tomb of Akbar, 4th storey plan 229
202 Tomb of Akbar, 5th storey plan 230
203 Tomb of Akbar, Ensemble 231
204 Tomb of Akbar, proportional elevation and 1st storey half plan 232
205 Chandragiri Palace (Raja Mahal), Tirupati 233
206 Chandragiri Place, Raja Mahal, 2nd & 3rd storeys 234
207 Rana Mahal , Chandragiri 235
208 City Place, Udaipur 236
209 City Place, Udaipur, indicating the four levels 237
210 Farah Bagh (Feria Bagh), Ahmadnagar 238
211 Raj Mahal Amber 239
212 Diwan-I Amm Chowk and Residential Chowk, Raj Mahal 240
213 Ali Shahid Pir Masjid, Bijapur 241
214 Jahangir Mandir, (Jahangiri Mahal), Orchha 242
215 Jahangir Mandir, 3rd storey & roofline plan 243
216 Jahangir Mandir, Proportional elevation & Half plan 244
217 Anda Masjid, Bijapur 245
218 Tomb of Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah, Golconda 246
219 Tomb of Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah, proportional elevation & half plan 247
220 Ibrahim Rauza, Mausoleum, Bijapur 248
221 Ibrahim Rauza Masjid , Bijapur 249
222 Ibrahim Rauza ,Ensemble 250
223 Ibrahim Rauza, proportional elevation& half plan 251
224 Tomb of Iftikhar Khan, Chunar 252
225 Tomb of Iftikhar Khan, proportional elevation & half plan 253
226 Tom of Shah Daulat, Maner 254
227 Tomb of Shah Dault, proportional elevation & half plan 255
228 Govind Mandir (Bir Singh Judeo Mahal), Datia 256
229 Govind Mandir, plan, 2nd & 3rd storeys 257
230 Govind Mandir, plan 4th & 5th storeys 258
231 Govind Mandir(Bir Singh Judeo Mahal), proportional elevation & half plan 259
232 Jag Mandir, Udaipur 260
233 Gul Mahal , Jag Mandir, plan (partial) 261
234 Manaksi Sundaresvara Temple, Madurai 262
235 Shahi Bagh, Ahmedabad 263
236 Tomb of khan Khanan, Delhi 264
237 Tomb of Jahagir, Lahore, Pakistan 265
238 Tomb of Jahagir(Ensemble) 266
239 Tomb of Jahagir, proportional elevation and 1st storey half plan 267
240 Gol Gumbaz, Bijapur 268
241 Gol Gumbaz Masjid , Bijapur 269
242 Gol Gumbaz, proportional elevation & half plan 270
243 Tomb of Johan Begum , Ainapur 271
244 Tomb of I timad-ud-daula(1st level), Agra 272
245 Tomb of I'timad-ud-daula(plan 2nd level) 273
246 Tomb of I'timad-ud-daula, proportional elevation & half plan 274
247 Masjid Wazir Khan, Lahore 275
248 Lal Qila (Shahjahanabad), Delhi 276
249 Lal Qila (Shahjahanabad), Imperial Pavilions indicating Type 277
250 Diwan-I-Am, Lal Qila (Shahjanabad) 278
251 Pearl Masque, Lal Qila (Shahjanabad) 279
252 Baksh Bagh(A) & Mahtab Bagh (B),Lal Qila (Shahjahanabad) 280
253 Dault Kothi, Bijapur, 1st & 2nd storeys 281
254 Taj Mahal (1st Level), Agra 282
255 Taj Mahal (2nd level) 283
256 Taj Mahal (Ensemble) 284
257 Taj Mahal, proportional elevation & half plan 285
258 Masjid-I Jami, Delhi 286
259 Masjid -I Jami , Tatta 287
260 Athar Mahal (Dad Mahal), Bijapur 288
261 Marakkkayarpalli (Masjid), Kayalpatnam 289
262 Nayaka Mahal, Madurai 290
263 Mecca Masjid, Bijapur 291
264 Jagadisa Temple Tank, Udaipur 292
265 Afzal Khan Rauza, Bijapur 293
266 Afzal Khan Rauza Masjid, Bijapur 294
267 Afzal Khan Rauza, proportional elevation & half plan 295
268 Shah Navaz Khan Rauza, Bijapur 296
269 Shah Navaz Khan Rauza Masjid, Bijapur 297
270 Tomb of Shah Navaz Khan Elevation & half plan 298
271 Tomb of Ali'Adil Shah II, Bijapur 299
272 Tomb of Ali' Adil Shah II (Cousen's elevation) 300
273 Tomb of Ali' Adil Shah II, proportional elevation(Suggested) & half plan 301
274 Masjid Badshahi, Lahore 302
275 Deeg-garh (Garden Palace),Deeg 303
276 Deeg-garh(Garden Palace), plan detial 304
277 City Palace, Jaipur 305
278 Mubarak Mahal, City Palace, Jaipur 306
279 Sarvato Bhadra, City Palace, Jaipur 307
280 Padmanabhapuram, Kanyakumari 308
281 Padmanabhapuram, Plan detail, compounds I, II & III 309
282 Tomb of Safdar Jang, Delhi 310
283 Tomb of Safdar Jang, Ensemble 311
284 Tomb of Safdar Jang, Proportional elevation & half plan 312
285 Ramachandra Temple (temple level), Jaipur 313
 
Part II
 
 
Monuments of the Indianized States
 
 
"The plans of Major and Notable Temples and Tombs of Java, The Khmer, Pagan, Thailand,Vietnam and Malayasia"
 
  Notes on the Monuments of the Indianized states 316
  Monuments of Java 325
286 Borobudur, Java 326
287 Borobudur, proportional half elevation & quarter plan 327
288 Chandi Kalasan, Java 328
289 Chandi Lumbung Ensemble, Prambanan, Java 329
290 Chandi Sewu Ensemble, Prambanan, Java 330
291 Chandi Sewu Sanctuary 331
292 Chandi Perwara(First court ), Chandi Sewu, Prambanan, Proportional elevation 332
293 Loro Jonggrang Ensemble, Prambanan, Java 333
294 Chandi Brhna Loro Jonggrang, Prambanan proportional elevation 334
295 Chandi Sari, Java, Prambanan Java 335
296 Chandi Sari, Prambanan Java, Proportional elevation 336
297 Chandi Djago, Malang Java 337
298 Chandi Djaga, Malang, Java, Proportional, elevation 338
299 Chandi Panataran Sanctuary, Blitar (Kediri), Java 339
300 Chandi Panataran, Ensemble 340
  Monuments of the Khmer 341
301 Preah Ko, Roluos (Hariharalaya), ensemble 342
302 Shrine, Preah Ko 343
303 Bakong, Roluos (Hariharalaya), ensemble 344
304 Bakong, mount ensemble 345
305 Phnom Bakheng, Angkor (Yasodharapura), ensemble 346
306 Phnom Bakheng, mount ensemble 347
307 Ph nom Krom, Angkor 348
308 Baksei Chamkrong, Angkor (Yasodharapura), ensemble 349
309 East Mebon, Angkor (Yasodharapura), ensemble 350
310 East Mebon, central ensemble 351
311 Preah Rup, ensemble 352
312 Preah Rup, central ensemble 353
313 Banteay Srei, ensemble 354
314 Banteay Srei central ensemble 355
315 Ta Keo, ensemble 356
316 Ta Keo, quincunx ensemble 357
317 Ta Keo, Principle shrine with plinth 358
318 Phimeanakas, ensemble 359
319 Baphuon, ensemble 360
320 Baphuon, mount ensemble 361
321 Phimai Temple (Prasat Hin Phimai), Khorat, Thailand 362
322 Phimai Temple, detail 363
323 Phimai Temple, Sanctuary 364
324 Angkor Wat, ensemble 365
325 Angkor Wat, Sanctuary ensemble 366
326 Northwest Library Angkor Wat 367
327 Chau Say Tevoda, ensemble 368
328 Thommanon, ensemble 369
329 Banteay Samre, ensemble 370
330 Banteay Samre Temple, Central Shrine 371
331 Phanom Rung, Thailand, ensemble 372
332 Phanom Rung, detail, sanctuary with ramp 373
333 Phanom Rung, sanctuary ensemble 374
334 Banteay Kdei, ensemble 375
335 Banteay Kdei, central ensemble 376
336 Banteay Kdei, Hall of the dancing Girls 377
337 Neak Pean, ensemble 378
238 Bayon ensemble 379
239 Bayon, Central ensemble 380
340 Bayon sanctuary 381
341 Ta Prohm, ensemble from eastern gopura 382
342 Ta Prohm, central ensemble 383
343 Ta Prohm, sanctuary ensemble 384
344 Preah Khan, ensemble 385
345 Preah Khan, central ensemble 386
  Monuments of Pagan 387
346 Nat- Hlaung- Kyaung, Pagan 388
347 Nan- Hpaya, Pagan 389
348 Myin-Pya-Gu, pagan 390
349 Shwe- Zigon Pagoda, Pagan 391
350 Naga-Yon, Pagan 392
351 Ananda Temple, Pagan 393
352 Ananda, Pagan, Proportional elevation & half plan 394
353 That- Byin- Nyu, Pagan 395
354 That-Byin-Nyu, Proportional elevation 396
355 That Byin-Nyu, Proportional elevation with ground floor and mezzanine quarter plans 397
356 Dhamma-Yan-Gyi, Pagan 398
357 Dhamma-Yan-Gyi, proportional elevation & half plan 399
358 Gawdaw-Palin, Pagan 400
359 Gawdaw-Palin, Proportional elevation & half plan 401
360 Myinkaba kubyauk-Nge, Pagan 402
361 Bogyoke- Mi Kubyauk, pagan 403
362 Dhamma- Yazika, pagan 404
363 Dhamma-Yazika, Proportional elevation &half plan 405
364 Gandhakuti, Dhamma-Yazika, plan & Ensemble . 406
365 Somin -Gyi Ok- Kyaung (Monastery), Pagan 407
366 Mingala- zeidi, Pagan 408
367 Mingala-zeidi, Proposed proportional elevation 409
368 Pentagonal Temple (Panca- Buddhas) Pagan 410
369 Paya- Thon-Zu, Pagan 411
  Monuments of Thailand 413
370 Chedi Wat Kukut, Lamphun 414
371 Chedi Wat Chang Lom, Si Satchanalai 415
372 Wat Phra Chao Phanan Choeng, Ayutthaya 416
373 Wat Mahathat, Sukhothai 417
374 Chedi Wat Mahathat, Chedi ensemble 418
375 Wat Phara Si Rattana Mahathat, Ayutthaya 419
376 Wat Phra Ram (Central Shrine),Ayutthaya 420
377 Prang, Wat Phra Ram, proportional elevation 421
378 Wat Ratchaburana (Wat Ratburana), Ayutthaya 422
379 Chedi Chet Yot (Central Shrine), Chiang Mai 423
380 Wat Chedi Chet Yot, roof plan 424
381 Chedi Chet Yot, Proportional elevation 425
382 Wat Pra Si Sanphet, Ayutthaya 426
383 Wat Pra Si Sanphet, Central Shrines 427
384 Chedi Wat Phu Khao Thong, Ayutthaya 428
385 Wat Chai Watthanaram, Ayutthaya Central Shrine 429
386 Wat Phru Chetuphon Wimonmangkhalaram, Bangkok 430
387 Wat Phru Chetuphon Wimonmangkhalaram, ubosot ensemble 431
388 Lohaprasad,Wat Ratchanatdaram, Bangkok 432
389 Lohaprasad,Wat Ratchanatdaram, plan of third through fifth storey 433
390 Lahaprasad, Wat Ratchanatdaram, proportional elevation and half plan 434
391 Wat Arun Rajtharam, Thonburi 435
392 Prang, Wat Arun Rajtharam, proportional elevation from 4th level 436
  Monuments of Vietnam 437
393 Pho-hai Shrine, Phan-thiet 438
394 Khuong my South Shrine, n. Hoi-an 439
395 Dong-duong Monastery, Dong Duong 440
396 Dong-duong Monastery, Western Sanctuary 441
397 Temple A-1, Mi Son Vietnam, Proportional elevation 442
398 Po Nagar, Nha Trang, Vietnam, proportional elevation 443
  Monuments of Malaysia 445
399 Masjid Tranquerah, Malacca 446
400 Masjid Terenhkera, Malacca, proportional elevation 447
401 Masjid Kampung Laut, Kampung Laut, Kelantan 448
402 Masjid Kampung Laut, Kampung Laut ,Kelantan, proportional elevation 449
403 Masjid Kampung Kling, Malacca 450
404 Masjid Kampung Hulu, Malacca 451
405 Masjid Kampung Hulu, Malacca, proportional elevation 452
  Bibliography 453
  Appendix A: Glossary 461
406 Axiality 462
407 Cross-Axiality 463
408 Mirror Cross-Axiality 464
409 Rotating Axiality 465
410 Multiple Non-Perpendicular Axiality 466
411 Multiple Non- Perpendicular Axiality 467
Terms   468
  Appendix B: Comparative examples 481
412 Hindu Temple Types & Palace Ideal 482
413 Siva Temple, Kanviyur & Subrahmanya Temple, Manjeri 483
414 Laksmana Temple & Kandariya Mahadeo, Khajuraho 484
415 Kandariya Mahadeo, Khajuraho proportional elevation 485
416 Tomb of Mubarak sayyid Section 486
417 Tomb of Sher Shah & Tomb of Adham Khan 487
418 Tomb of Humayun Elevation with podium 488
419 Chandragiri Palace (Raja Mahal) proportional elevation and 1st storey plan 489
420 Tomb of Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah, Diagonal elevation & half plan 490
421 Ibrahim Rauza, Mausoleum Section 491
422 Ibrahim Rauza & Tomb of Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah Comparison based on block & dome 492
423 Tomb of Khan Khanan Elevation with Podium 493
424 Gol Gumbaz Section 494
425 Taj Mahal Elevation with Podium 495
426 Taj Mahal Section 496
427 Proportional Comparison, Elevations Dome and drum to ground of Gur-Emir, Ibrahim Rauza, Mohammed Quli Qutb Shah & Taj Mahal 497
428 Proportional Comparison, Elevations Width to height of : Chotte Khan Khanan & Taj Mahal 498
429 Comparison, Half elevation of the Tomb of Humayun & the Taj Mahal 499
430 Tomb Of Shah Navaz Khan Elevations & half plans from the South and diagonal 500
431 Tomb of Safdar Jang Elevation with podium 501
432 Angkor 502
433 Mahabodhi, Pasan & Chedi Chet Yot, Chiang Mai, indicating comparative scale 503
434 Chendebjiu Stupa, Bhutan & Chedi Si Suriyothai, Ayutthaya 504
  Appendix C: Indian Empires 505
  Addendum 513
435 Devi Jagadamba Temple, Khajuraho 514
436 Devi Basappa Temple, Dambal 515
437 Masjid-I Jami, Ajmer 516
  Acknowledgement 517
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