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The Manual of Tools for Research in Medieval Guj. and Jain Mss Literature

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Item Code: NAO909
Author: C. V. Mehta
Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.
Language: Gujarati and English
Edition: 2018
ISBN: 9788171106202
Pages: 500
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 9.0 inch X 6.0 inch
Weight 650 gm
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Book Description

Some non-Gujarati scholars outsides Indea, have shown interest in Madhykalina, Gujarti literature. This type of literature is in manuscript, created by Jain Poets also. The tools for studying such literature that is as the manuscript are not found in abundanace in English language so I have tried to present such work in the format of a manual. I believe that work contains the fundamental ways and means for it.

First tool is the basic elements of Gujarati Grammar. My constant endeavor has been to secure accuracy and simplicity in this volume. Firstly, I state about the Date of the origin of Gujarati. The Packrats are synthetical languages, If we may regard the became analytical rather than synthetical in their character, then Hindi should date from about the 11 century A.D., while Gujarati admitted of being distinguished from the latter at its rise in the Narasimha Mehta was composing his poems in pure Gujarati. Hence to genesis of the Gujarati language must date not earlier than the 11th and not later than the 15th century after Christ. According to Satri Vrajalala Kalidasa – Early Gujarati extends from about 1050 t0 1550 A.D, and modern Gujarati from 1550. A.D. onwards.

In this work, first of all, the basic elements of Gujarati grammar such as Alphabets with transliteration for proper pronunciation, [Gujarati Mulakasaras], Formation of sentence, Genders, Adjective, Degree of Comparison, Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles, Tenses, the Moods, Voice construction. Formation of Causative, Adverbs, Preposition, Conjunctions of verbs, Declanions of nouns, and Signification of the cases are described and explained. I have referred to the Gujarati Grammar that is written before hundred and twenty years. So the English knowing researcher can research in the manuscripts written in the Gujarati language, some conjugations and declension may have some terminations that are not used now a days.

I have given the basic elements of Prakrta Ardha Magadhi language. Some conjugations and declension may have some terminations that are not used now a days. The known scholar of Gujarati late Jayantakothari writes in his article ‘Na Visarava jevo baraso’ to ‘Madhyakalina Guj. Sabda Kosa – the medieval Gujarati literature from 12th to First half of 19th century is notable heritage that it still relevant.

It is true that it contains the religious references, because this literature was dependant on ther religious institution. ‘Praja jivana dharma sampradayabaddha hatum. At the center of the social life there was religion but the worldiness was also around it, and it, and it had barious interested items. The society of today has been also around been influenced by the religious institutions as they were at the time of this medieval literature creation. There are some riety of types of this literature is as Pada, Fagu Baramasa of nature description, Pauranika-Laukika aitihasika Narrative, biographical. Alegorical (rupaka), philosophical etc. There could be disocovered the historical elements gby the means of research from this literature, There are many avenues for researchers inviting them. The prose literature is in the manuscripts, awaits for editing, commenting, translating with deep study. It is praise wordhy literature created during the seven hundred years in the past. The task is laboure some but it will make the researchers immortal and famous. It is preserved because Jain-Learner Sadhu-Munis have kept the tradition of this treasure alive till today for our generation. The purpose of the Akhyana poetry and Jain Rasa is to delineate some moral lesson. With this there is the art of storytelling in it. There is also the performance of Rasa in it. The literature with some goal, can be the art-work. These must be enjoyed. Every period of literary activity has its literary convention and tradition, Keeping in our mind this point, we should enjoy it. Madhykalina literature is a total literature in a way. There are some obstacles in enjoyment but we can enjoy it with some connection finding between these two. In the past and the present there is similarity of the culture. The study of this literature must be introduced in the higher education. It must be connected with cultural study. Lastly we hope that there may be a trained and learned class of researchers’ group, They must have the knowledge of Sanskrit and Praktrta Ardh-magadhi language-literature tradition . Now a days in the west, the medieval Gujarati literature is edited, seminars are conducted, the facility for the study is provided and research project have been taken up. The research sutudents as well as scholars may learn how to read Hastaprata, how to compile correct text, translate, comment on it, provide a study etc. The scholar must be well-versed in it. I have given some matters in Guj. Characters-Script.

I state humbly that I have culled out the chosen material from various scholarly surces and compiled methodologically. My intention in preparing this hand book, is not to present my scholarship but to provide a facility in research activity. I thank and acknowledge the dept of the scholars and publishers for consulting and referring to it. I am thankful to the indolgocial publisherfor conlisher programmer for accuracy in transliteration system. Babubhai shah of Pawshva Publicatio, Ahmedabad for managing publishing facility. The errors may be there, so please, send the views. Any suggestion?




  Views about the work 7-12
1 Prof . Dr. Vijaya Pandya's - Ahmedabad 7
2 Prof. Jasavanta Sekhadivala's - Petlad 9
3 Prof. Manoj Daru's - Valsad 10
  Preface- Prof. C.V. Mehta 13
  Transliterated Devanagari-Gujarati Script 16
  Pronunciation and Transliteration approved by Sahity Acdemy 17
  Common Grammatical Terms 18
  Research Technology 21-24
1 ablut old Guj. Grammar 23
2 A Note on Manuscriptology and [Mss] Text- criticism 26
3 Basis Elements of Research-methodology 33
4 Basic Elements of Research system[Technique] 37
  Tools for Research in Mss literature Section-I About Gujarati 45-116
1 Basic Elements of Gujarati Grammar 47
2 The Growath of [script] 98
3 Special Grammatical note on Gujarati Language 100
4 Madhyakalina Gujarti Literature 102
5 The list of Mediaeval Gujarati Works 103
6 The list of Jain and Non-Jain Poets of Medieval Gujarti Literature 112
  The helping Tools for Mss Research Section-II Prakrata-Ardhamagadhi 117-176
  Prakrta-Ardha-magadhi's Basic Grammar 119
  Prakrta-English Vocabulary 132
  [A] Ardha-Magadhi-Englhish Glossary 151
  [B] English- Ardha-Magadhi Glossary 156
  Ardha-magadhi Prakrta-Sanskrta Kosa 153
  Desya Bhasa words 164
  Note on Deesya Praktrta 172
  Apendixes Useful for Mss Researfh [Some of thesse are printed in Gujarati script-characters - and Gujarati Language] 177-322
1 Skelaton Grammar of Prakrta Ardha-Magadhi 179
2 Different Eras of India 213
3 Important Terminology of MssTextual Criticism 216
4 Explanation of the Grammatical Terms 222
5 Mugdhavabodhauktikam 231
6 Mugdhavabodha Auktikam - Prof. K.H.Dhruva 232
7 Hastaprata Sampadama Vise -K.B. Shah 250
8 Hastalikhita Kagalana Pustako ni Lekhanakala- Muni Puny aVijayaji 254
9 Ablut desya Literature 278
10 Juna Guj. Vyakaranni Ruparekha [1150 to 1350]-H.C. Bhayani 281
11 The Guj. Script and Sound System for Foreigners 309
  The Tranasliterated Gujarati-English-Gujarati- Dictionary [as a Tool for Research in Mss Literature] 323-498
1 Transliterated Gujarati English Vocabulary 323
2 Transliterated Medieval Gujarati English mening 398
3 Bhaugolika Sthala and old Guj. Grammatical words 421
4 Explanation of Medieval [Jain} Philosophical word 423
5 Transliterated Modern Gujarati English words 427
6 English trasnsliterated Gujarati Vocabulary 450
7 Some facts about Gujarati Vocabulary 464
8 Transliterated Gujarati-English. Idioms And Proverbs 466
9 Gujarati Prefixes 493
10 Gujarati Suffixes 495
  Bibliography 499-500


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