Bilhana, the author of Vikramankadeva Charita—a
mahakavya, Karnasundari—a natika and Chaura
Panchashika—a lyrical work; was born at Khonmusha (Present
Khonmuch) in Kashmir in the eleventh century A.D. The
harbinger of national unity, Bilhana’s Vikramankadeva Charita
evinces the historical facts and biographical data of the
Chalukya dynasty and of King Vikrama-VI (Tribhuvanamalla).
The Karnasundari in four acts, which presents the secret love-
affair of the King Karna (A.D. 1064 A.D. 1074) with the
princess Vidyadhari is a unique work of its kind. His Chaura
Panchashika influenced and inspired other medieval Sanskrit
poets to follow the panchashika style for amorous descriptions.
In its six chapters, the monograph presents a fascinating and
detailed account of the life and literary career of Bilhana.
Prof. Narayan Kawthekar (1923-2015) arenowned scholar in
Sanskrit, had an illustrious academic career, served as professor
of Sanskrit in various government colleges from 1953-1981. He
became the Vice-Chancellor of Vikram University, Ujjain in
1981 and also served as Director, ‘Indian Tales of Wisdom’—a
project of the Government of India, till retirement. Recipient of
the President’s Certificate of Honour, PN Kawthekar had more
than ten publications and scores research papers to his credit.
His major works include Sanskrit Vyakarana Deepika (1967),
Mekhala (Short Stories, 1969) etc.
It is a focus on the great Sanskrit poet Bilhana for his literary
achievements and contributions to enrich the cultural life in India.
Even for the academic and informative purposes, a book entirely
devoted to Bilhana was essentially felt necessary. The Sahitya
Akademi also wanted to present a monograph on this illustrious poet
of the 11th century a.p. This will be the single book perhaps on
Bilhana. I extend my thanks to the Akademi for assigning this work
‘We can very well peep into the medieval age through Bilhana.
However the contributions of Sanskrit poets are not limited to a
particular age. With the literary appreciation of their works, we come
to know how they have imbibed culture and enriched human mind
through the ages.
Bilhana stands unique in giving the historical information in his
mahakavya, the Vikramankadeva Charitam. The events mentioned _
by him are confirmed by history.
While presenting this monograph, I remember the keen interest of
my departed wife Mrs. Pramila Kawthekar in this work. She inspired
me to devote my study on Bilhana. The works on the History of
Sanskrit Literature and some editions of Bilhana’s works were quite
useful to me. I extend my thanks to all of the authors.
A thing of beauty is a joy as well as an inspiration for ever.
Bilhana richly deserves the attention and appreciation.
Your email address will not be published *
Send as free online greeting card
Email a Friend