About the Book
The complete Text is in four chapters. Their Karakamsa, Arudha, Upapada and Naamsa are explained in the first chapter. The second chapter deals with longevity, diseases, profession, progeny and spouse. The third is concerned with longevity, nature and cause of death. Also there is an account of Raja yogas.
The fourth offers an elaborate account of the prenatal epoch, and the principles can be applied to the natal charts. Now, for the first time all the four chapters have been presented in a single volume. The syllable errors are corrected and the rendering follows the spirit of Maharshi Jaimini. Examples show the method of applying Jaiminian principles. This method extends, modifies and amends the interpretation of Jaimini without ignoring the spirit of the great Maharshi, a pre-Parasara authority on Astrology, enables one to know time of the events accurately.
Prof P.S. Sastri M.A. Ph.D. D. Litt born on 22nd January 1920 is an M.A. in English, Sanskrit, Telugu and Philosophy, has Ph.D. degrees in Rigveda, aesthetics and coleridge and D. Litt in Indian Philosophy.
Formerly a Professor and Head of the Department of English, University of Nagpur (Retired 1980) and was president All India Teachers Conference Varanasi (1950). He authored nearly Sixty Books on literature and Philosophy, English and Telugu. He translated Astrological classics and authored works like:-
(1) Jaimini Sutram
(2) Uttara Klamrita
(3) Brihat Jataka
(4) Rectification of Birth Time
(5) Secrets of Astakavarga
(6) Text Book of Scientific Hindu Astrology
The Sutras of Jaimini on Astrology, known as Upadesha
Sutras are in four chapters. There are in all 936 Sutras
(Aphorisms). Way back in 1937, the present translator and
commentator was introduced to Jaimini's Sutras by persons
trained on traditional lines and in 1984-85 he published his
lessons in Jaimini Astrology in the Astrological Magazine
Bangalore as well published in Telugu a detailed exposition
of Jaimini System of Astrology.
The author of these Sutras is Maharshi Jaimini. This Jaimini
is different from the other great sage Jaimini, the author of
the Purva Mimansa Sutras in twelve chapters. He is also different
from the Jaimini of the Brahmana-section of the Samhita, and
from the others appearing in Maha-Bharata and the Puranas.
The author of these astrological Aphorisms appears to be
a latter author who was acquainted with the Mantras - benign
and malic; and he was well aware of the four Ashramas of
Hind u society.
The main principles outlined in these Aphorisms appear
in the now available text of Parasara, Brihat Parasara Hora
Sastra, where chapters seven to eleven, chapters 24 to 27, and
a part of the thirty-fifth chapter present the system of Jaimini.
These portions appear to be inserted into Parasara's text either
by Parasara himself or by some other later writer. This is clear
from a comparison of the principles outlined by Jaimini with
those appearing in other chapters of Parasara' s text. If the
student of Parasara' s text is not careful, he will mix up the two systems
and get himself in contradictions and confusions. Jaimini himself
clearly stated that what he has not touched upon is to be taken
from the texts of other great masters, provided the principles
given in these texts do not run contrary to what he had laid
down. This makes the present translator hold that Jaimini's
Aphorisms are contemporaneous with or later than Parasara's
Jaimini' s system is unique one. The aspects mentioned here
differ from the those given by the other authors. Importance
is here attached to the Birth chart, Karakamsa, Arudha,
Upapada, and Navamsa charts. The last four are more
important. The problem of determining longevity is altogether
new. The Dasas outlined are peculiar. More valuable Dasas
are those designated as Chara, Sthira, Navamsa, Trikona, and
Shula Dasas. These are not generally used by the students of
Parasara system. The counting of the signs is not always in
the clock-wise direction here. Gulika plays an important part.
There is no distinction between Rasi (sign) and Bhava (house).
This makes us question the authenticity of the early chapters
in Parasara's text where emphasis has been on the Bhava charf.
These and many other innovations make Jaimini's text a
unique one. In this system the timing of events can be made
within a fortnight of the event.
Nilakantha and others commented only at the first two
chapters. Their commentaries are invaluable. But for these it
would be difficult to grasp the intricacies of these Sutras.Texts
like Vanchhanathiyam, Jataka Rajiyam and Vriddhakarikas have
explained the system of Jaimini to a great extent. The Jataka
Rajiyam mixed up different schools and added to our confusion
The text of the Sutras presents many difficulties. Jaimini
stated early in the first Pada that he refers to the zodiacal
signs and houses by the numerical values of the letters of
alphabet. Thus Kanya does not mean the sign Virgo, but eleven;
and this can be the eleventh house or the sign Kumbha. Such
expressions have been interpreted differently even by
Nilakantha. Many others too have fallen into this trap.
Some Sutras were mixed up by the commentators or
translators. Where we have two Sutras, some have read them
as one. The problem is more complicated with regard to the
last two chapters. The available texts are corrupt at many
places. In the absence of authentic commentaries on these
chapters, the Sutras can be corrected and are corrected in the
light of the rules of Sanskrit grammar, keeping in mind the
spirit of the text. Some of these Sutras repeat what has already
been stated in the first two chapters; and a few Sutras
reproduce the earlier one's verbatim.
The last Padas of the third chapter and the fourth chapter
are concerned with the Adhana chart. This is the pre-natal
epoch theory. We can arrive at the pre-natal epoch more
accurately through a careful study of these Sutras.
As far as possible we have offered illustrative charts. They
refer to professions, diseases and progeny. A literal
interpretation does not appear to hold good. We have to
interpret the text liberally taking into consideration the nature
of the sign, the signs owned and occupied by the planet and
other bodies associated with the planet by aspect or conjunction.
Moreover, the complexity of modern life compels us to offer a
very liberal interpretation of the Sutras. This is what has been
achieved in this text. In the examples given we have followed
Lahiri's Ayanamsa only because it is widely in use. We do not
accept this Ayanamsa because it is polar, not celestial.
The present translator is deeply obliged to the pioneering
work done by the late Prof. B. Suryanarain Rao, Mr. S.K. Kar
and others. Discussions with these elders and others, and
application of these Aphorisms to the charts enabled the
present translator to develop a firm conviction in the validity
of the principles laid down by Jaimini. There may have crept
into the rendering some ideas which may not be acceptable to
some scholars. The translator holds full responsibility for such
ideas, if they are not warranted by the spirit and letter of
Jaimini's text. Care has been taken to grasp the applicability
in practical life of the translations and commentaries available,
here and there.
The translator is glad to place on record ms obligations to
M/ s Ranjan Publications for commissioning this text. They have
done a splendid job in making the complete text available to
the students and scholars of Astrology in a beautiful get-up.
They have enabled the present translator to establish the
definitive text of the Sutras. Jaimini comes before the world
of Astrology blowing fresh winds.
Original Tantric Texts (18)
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