We also fall at the lotus feet of His Divine Grace Om Visnupada
Paramahamsa Parivrajakacarya 108 Sri Srimad Bhaktisiddhanta
Sarasvati Gosvami Maharaja Prabhupada.
The Identity of Garga Muni
Since the Garga-samhita was spoken by the sage Sri Garga Muni,
it is appropriate to discuss his identity. Sri Garga Muni
recognized as highly elevated in austerity and penance
(su-maha-tapah), lived at the time of Lord Krsna’s appearance
on earth as the family priest (purohitah) of the yadu-vamsa.
Nanda Maharaja could appreciate that Garga Muni was adhoksaja;
that is, he was not an ordinary person seen by material senses.
In addition, Garga Muni was a great authority in the knowledge
of astrology. He was engaged by Vasudeva and Nanda Maharaja to
perform the name-giving ceremony for Krsna and Balarama in a
solitary place. The Srimad-Bhagavatam, Tenth Canto, Chapter 10
summary describes this as follows:
One day, Vasudeva [the father of Lord Krsna] sent for Garga
Muni, the family priest of the yadu-vamsa [dynasty], and thus
Garga Muni went to the house of Nanda Maharaja, who received
him very well and requested him to give names to Krsna and
Balarama. Garga Muni, of course, reminded Nanda Maharaja that
Kamsa was looking for the son of Devaki and said that if he
performed the ceremony very gorgeously, the ceremony would come
to the notice of Kamsa, who would then suspect that Krsna was
the son of Devaki. Nanda Maharaja therefore requested Garga
Muni to perform this ceremony without anyone’s knowledge and
Garga Muni did so… After thus informing Nanda Maharaja and
completing the name-giving ceremony, Garga Muni advised Nanda
Maharaja to protect his very carefully and then departed.
Garga Muni gave the names for Balarama and Krsna.
Garga Muni said, “This child, the son of Rohini, will give
happiness to His relatives and friends by His transcendental
qualities. Therefore, He will be known as Rama. And because He
will manifest extraordinary bodily strength, He will also be
known as Bala. Moreover, because He unities two families –
Vasudeva’s family and the family of Nanda Maharaja – He will be
known as Sankarsana.” (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.8.12)
The famous verse above, beginning with asan varnas states, that
the Lord incarnates in a yellow feature (pita) indicating Lord
Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Garga Muni explained precisely the
position of Sri Krsna as having appeared previously as Narayana
to annihilate the miscreants and to protect the devotees.
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