Konekor Gadaba: A Dravidian Language (An Old and Rare Book)
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Konekor Gadaba: A Dravidian Language (An Old and Rare Book)

Item Code: NAM140
Author: Peri Bhaskara Rao
Publisher: Deccan College Postgraduate and Research Institute
Language: English
Edition: 1980
Pages: 142
Cover: Paperback
Other Details 8.5 inch x 5.5 inch
Weight 230 gm
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Konekor Gadaba belongs to the Parji-Kolami subgroup of Central Dravidian subfamily of language. Bhattacharya’s work on Ollari (1957) was the first published scientific account of this language. Ollari is spoken in the Karaput district of Orissa and was though by Bhattacharya (1957:8) as a dialect different from Konekor Gadaba (referred to by him as Poya in his book) which is spoken around Salur in the Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh (bordering Orissa). A later study by Burrow and Bhattacharya (1962-63:43) revealed that Konekor Gadaba and Ollari are the same, of course, with “the inevitable local differences which are always found in vernacular speech”.

Konekor Gadaba was also called Poya and Salur Gadaba by Burrow and Bhattacharya. Of these three names, Poya was found to be a wrong one by Burrow and Bhattacharya (Burrow and Emeneau 1961: xxiv). Among the other two names. Konekor Gadaba is preferable because the speakers of the language themselves like to be called Konekors. Konekor is alternatively pronounced as Kondekor [kone: ko: or- konde: ko: r]. An intervocalic n is alternatively pronounced as [n] or [nd] in this language. So the spelling konekor is preferred as compared to kondekor. Konekor Gadaba is different from Gutob Gadaba, a Munda language which is spoken also around Salur area elsewhere and which is often not distinguished from konekor Gadaba by the native Telugu and Oriya people around there.

The konekors also use the name Mundi [mundli] while referring to themselves. The informant told me that this is an older name of their tribe and the elderly people of their still prefer by this name.

This book is a thoroughly revised version of the author’s doctoral dissertation, ‘Kondekor Gadaba: A Dravidian language’, which was submitted to the University of Poona in 1972 and was awarded a Ph. D. degree in 1973. The analysis is based on materials collected during three field trips prior to 1972 and two more trips in 1975. Informants were selected from Panukuvalasa (pronounced as panukolsa) village near Salur in the Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh. It is a situated near Salur town on the Andhra-Orissa highway.

The konekors of Panukuvalasa, both men and women work mainly in the surrounding quarrys as stone- cutters and occasionally as agricultural labourers. They are bilinguals and speak Telugu with the neighbouring Telugus. Occasionally they come into contact with the Gutob Gadabas also. The main informant for this work was Onsol Parayya. He knows Telugu besides his mother tongue and had no school education.

I am highly thankful to Prof. S.B. Deo, Director of Deccan College for his constant help, encouragement and inspiration. The original dissertation was written under the guidance of Prof. Ashok R. Kelkar. I am extremely grateful to him. Prof. F.B.J. Kuiper and Prof. P. S. Subrahmanyam were the referees for the original thesis. My thanks are due to them for suggesting several revisions including the phonemic nature of the vowel length in the word final cvc syllables and the nature of vowel harmony etc. The responsibility is entirely mine for any drawbacks that still remain in the work. It was Prof. Bh. Krishnamurti who had first suggested the topic of Konekor Gadaba to me I am thankful to him.


Phonemic inventory1
Phonetic correlates2
Disrribution of phonemes3
Vowel harmony7
Anaptyxis and vowel harmony8
Consonant assimilation10
Replacement of final dentals & palatals; Nasalization and denasalization; Vowel deletion; Metathesis12
y-insertion; n-nd alternation; Non-morphemic u; c-s altrnation13
Nominal compounds16
Gender-number and Person16
Personal pronouns21
Complex verbal bases23
Derived bases23
Causative bases23
Syntactic and Semantic Notes29
Conjugational Classes30
Base Alternants36
Tense-Mode Suffixes42
Negative Past48
Negative Non-Past49
Relative participles50
Person Suffixes51
Post-Verbal Paradigm54
Modifiers and Particles59
Demonstrative and Interrogative Bases64
Reduplication and onomatopoeia67

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