An Integrated Science of the Absolute

An Integrated Science of the Absolute

Item Code: IDD188
Author: Nataraja Guru
Publisher: D. K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Language: English
Edition: 2001
ISBN: 8124601860
Pages: 1188
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 9.0" X 6.0"
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From the Jacket

It is not just the magnum opus, but a truly monumental effort of a scientist-philosopher who has spent a whole lifetime to formulate a unitive science, wherein all disciplines of human questing could find a common ground a science where modern science and ancient spiritual wisdom could meet and merge like two opposite poles of a magnet. As a direct disciple of one of the great risis of the modern age, Nataraja Guru discovers this common ground in Brahma-vidya, which he calls the Integrated science of the Absolute and which has, at its base, his guru's Darsana Mala.

A string of hundred Sanskrit verses, composed by the mystic-poet, Narayana Guru (1854-1928), the Darsana Mala is the very epitome of all vision s to truth-inspired by his remarkable acquisitions of Upanisadic thought and yet far more by his own tapas. Reproducing these highly significative verses in Roman script, along with English translations, work meanings, and extensive commentaries, Nataraja Guru not only spells out his mentoru's Visions of the Absolute in contemporary idiom, but also shows how these visions are fully validated by modern science.

Eclectic Synthesis of Varied scientific disciplines into a systematic whole is not all that Nataraja Guru accomplishes here. Rather his book is an attempt to re-introduce Brahma-Vidya as the one Master Science that embraces every branch of science every human interest.

About the Author

Nataraj Guru, an eminent scholar of Advaita Vedanta and a true follower of the philosopher-poet-yogi Narayana Guru, has made an epochal contribution for the advancement of knowledge and wisdom. As translator and commentator of the major works of Narayana Guru, he has also written on a wide range of subjects reflecting a scheme of correlation between science and mysticism. His D. Litt thesis, Le Factur Personnel dans le Processus Educatif, prepared under the guidance of the renowned philosopher Henri Bergson, is highly acclaimed. Narayana Gurukula a school patterned on Guru-sisya parampaa founded by him in 1923 at Varkala, Kerala, has branches all over South India and extends beyond to Singapore, Europe, USA and the South Pacific.

Nataraja Guru a direct disciple of Narayana Guru, studied under Henri Bergson at the Sorbonne Where he took his doctorate in educational psychology. His scheme of correlation between science and mysticism amounts to an epochal advance in philosophy. This scientist philosopher also authored a number of books which, besides An Integrated Science of the Absolute, include Experiencing One-World, and In Search of a Common language for Sciences.



Foreword vii
Preface xi
1 The notion of the Absolute 2
2 Unified science knows no frontiers 3
3 The structural unity of thought 4
4 Laboratory knowledge versus seminary wisdom 6
5 Concepts and percepts at loggerheads 11
6 The axiomatic origin of possible truth 13
7 The subject matter and object matter of this work 16
8 The status, content, and scope of the Absolute 18
9 The term Absolute widely used by scientists 20
10 Dialectical implications of the content of the Absolute 23
11 The dialectical approach to the notion of the Absolute 26
12 Dialiectical methodology 31
13 Certitude resides at core of consciousness 40
14 Further light on the scope and limitations of this science 42
15 Contributions of Vedanta Epistemology 42
16 The scientific certitude claimed in this work 44
17 Normalization and neutralization of scientific thinking 49
18 The gap between experimental and a priori thinking 54
19 Experience and experiment have to interpenetrate to reveal the Absolute 57
20 Would not this two-fold effort make us re-live the Absolute? 64
21 Possibilities and probabilities meet in the matrix of relation-relata 69
22 The dialectical and structural relationship between man and machine 76
23 Semantic polyvalence of the Word and its meaning 83
24 Steps from logic to dialectic 89
25 Mathematics reveals the possibility of a science of the Absolute 94
26 The possibility of structural analysis inside the world of discourse 109
27 Bergson's own structural prognostics 112
28 A Structural model with absolute status already in use 120
29 Great possibilities of inter-disciplinary 127
30 The plan of this work 134
Prologue 151
1 Inner and outer compatibilities 155
2 The common parameter passing through cosmogony and cosmology 160
3 Merits of mathematical language 166
4 The prologue and epilogue of each chapter distinguished 169
Chapter I Vision by Supposition 185
Prologue 223
1 Methodology and structuralism 224
2 Further implications of Cartesianism 227
3 Directing human understanding 231
4 The Status of the horizontal reference 233
5 A new way in physics 234
6 Relative and absolute time 240
7 Bergson's five objections to relativity 245
8 Bergson's objections examined 246
9 Bergson's first objections 250
10 Bergson's second objections 257
11 Bergson's third objections 262
12 Bergson's fourth objections 267
13 The plurality of times 269
14 Bergson's fifth objections 284
15 The figures of light 287
16 The space-time of four dimensions 294
17 The time of the restricted theory of relativity and the space of the general theory of relativity 313
18 Axiomatic physics 317
Chapter II Vision of Non-Supposition
Epilogue 332
Prologue 363
1 The epistemological status of this chapter 367
2 Two sets of antitheses involved 370
3 The noema and noetic in phenomenology 371
4 The idea of process and phenomenological dynamism 374
5 Varieties and interrelations 380
6 The structure of truth and falsehood 386
7 Phenomenological ontology 392
8 The religious aspect 401
Chapter III Vision of Non-Existence
Epilogue 415
Prologue 451
1 The negativity of kant and German idealism 455
2 Schelling's more normative position 459
3 A description of maya 461
4 Wrong perspective about maya 462
5 Paradox and the absolute 467
6 Scientific philosophy 471
7 The opposition to maya 475
8 The contrary and the Contradictory 479
9 The gap between ontology and teleology 484
Chapter IV Vision of Negation
Epilogue 494
Prologue 533
1 Mathematical and mystical language 535
2 Epistemological revision of science 537
3 The structure of intuitionist mathematics 539
4 The perceptual and mathematical realities of relativity 545
5 Elimination of unnecessary structural aspects 547
6 The four-fold aspects of Bergson's revaluation 550
7 Structuralism in the Mandukya Upanisad 552
8 Double correction and scientific certitude 555
9 Mathematical and scientific structuralism 556
10 The total speculative ground revealed by structuralism 561
11 Structuralism Implied in Sankara 568
(a) Jugglers 569
(b) The umbrella-men 570
(c) Mendicants and Brahmins 571
(d) The falcon
(e) parrots and cages
Chapter V Vision of Consciousness
Epilogue 580
Concluding remarks 610
Glossary 613
General Index 617
Index of Names 621
Index of Sanskrit Terms 625



1 The three steps in compete philosophy 2
2 The two fold universe of values 8
3 Dialectical revaluation 14
4 Contemplative orientation 16
5 Arivu (knowledge) the epistemology of gnosis 26
6 Structural implications of prayer 30
7 A prayer for humanity 35
8 Some structure impossibilities 36
9 A finer circulation of values 39
10 Axiology in Greek drama 49
11 The self as an organon 54
12 One absolute substance 57
13 Dissolving the paradox 66
14 The structural pattern emerging to view 71
15 Two ways o approaching the absolute 73
16 A running review of the Six darsanas 78
(a) The Nyaya philosophy of Gautama 79
(b) Vasesika philosophy of Kanada 89
© The Samkhya philosophy of Kapila 98
(d) The Yoga of Patanjali 104
(e) The Mimamsas of Jaimini and Badarayana 110
17 Five Verses on the Science of the Absolute 153
18 Five Verses on the way of recluse 155
19 Higher criticism and mysticism 156
20 Definition of mysticism 162
Prologue 169
1 The workings of instrumental mysticism 173
2 Integration of mystical expressions 176
3 Parity between instrument and action 179
4 Normal and Abnormal mysticism 183
(a) Nature mysticism 185
(b) The mysticism of action 186
© Mysticism of agony 187
(d) Philosophic mysticism 188
(e) The Mysticism of the Sufis 191
Chapter VI Vision of Action
Epilogue 200
Prologue 225
1 Apodictic, dialectic and intermediary certitude 227
2 The correct position of pure reason 229
3 Kant's critique of pure reason 231
4 The non-dialectical logic of this chapter 239
5 Four-fold absurdities of non-normalized reason 241
6 The claims of the axiomatic and the dialectical 243
7 The togetherness of thought in pure reason 246
Chapter VII Vision by Awareness of Reason
Epilogue 260
Prologue 291
1 Complementarity, reciprocity and parity 293
2 Dynamics of contemplative life 294
3 The fundamentals of the ethics and aesthetics 298
4 Eastern and Western norms for a good life 300
5 Democracy and citizenship 304
6 City of God 306
7 Self-contemplation as a value 309
8 Religious expressions of self-contemplation 310
Chapter VIII Vision by contemplation
Epilogue 324
Prologue 353
1 The interacting counter parts 355
2 Three components of yoga 358
3 Sublimation of instinctive dispositions 361
4 The mysterious linking power 365
5 A unified treatment of yoga 371
6 The inner factor involved in mediatation 375
7 Western interest in yoga 378
Chapter IX Vision by Meditation
Epilogue 394
Prologue 417
1 Te scope of nirvana 419
2 A definition of nirvana 422
3 Grades and degrees of perfection and purity 425
4 Principle of compensation 429
5 The equilibrium of a two fold and double correction 433
6 Vedanta and Western thought 435
7 Further eschatological considerations 439
Chapter X Vision by Absorption
Epilogue 454
1 A retrospective review 493
2 A word in self-defence 497
3 Advaita Dipika (The Lamp of Non-Duality) 497
4 Some additional explanations 505
Glossary 507
Bibliography 515
General Index 523
Index of Names 529
Index of Sanskrit Terms 533
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