ASPECTS OF ART AND CULTURE
Art and culture are two terms, but they are interrelated to each other directly and
indirectly. They reflect the speciality of any nation. The art represent an outlet of
expression that is usually influenced by culture and which in turn helps to change
culture. Painting, sculpture, architecture, literature, music, dance are the main art forms
which have been around since the beginning of humankind. They have the most
obvious connection with our ancestors, with the first truly human inhabitants of this
planet. It is necessary to understand different aspects and concepts related to art and
culture before going to study the subjects.
Art is a subjective concept and it has no unanimously accepted definition. We can say
that art is the power, skill, ability and talent an individual possesses to express himself
or herself. Art is simply your acquired skill to make another person know and
understand, what you think and how you feel. "Art is just another word for expression."
In context of Indian culture, word 'kala' is of Sanskrit origin, which means 'art'. As per
Sahitya Tarang, "Art gives soothing, sweet, beautiful and pleasurable experience."
In Shiva Sutra Vimarshini Keshemaraj explains art as "the expression which improves
the image or experience of an object."
Characteristics of Art
Art has the following characteristics
In India, the first reference of classification of art is mentioned in the Natyashastra
of Bharata Muni. The exact chronology of Natyashastra is not known, but it is
estimated to be compiled between 5th to 1st century BCE. Before this the word
'art' was included in 'architecture' of the country. Applied and fine arts are
included in the 'architecture' sections of Vedas and Samhitas. As per Bharata Muni,
'art' is an independent stream which includes fine arts along with other forms of
art. There are three departments in art which are as follow.
1. Visual Art
2. Performing Art
3. Literary Art
Art is also sometimes divided into two broad categories of applied art and fine art.
It is the application of design and aesthetics to objects of everyday use e.g.
decorating a table, lamp, vase ere would be considered applied art. Interior design,
fashion design, industrial design etc are all branches of applied art.
It is tile art, which is developed primarily for aesthetics, pleasure or concept. It
does not need to have any practical application. Architecture, painting, sculpture,
music, poetry etc are all branches of fine art.
Fine art has been classified into five phases which are as follow.
Indian art is an essential component of Indian culture. It acts as the link and
carrier of Indian culture to generations. Human relations, situations and different
expressions are highlighted by the Indian art.
Not only the Indian architecture and techniques are the world famous, but also
they are lively and expressive. Such excellence in arts keeps both the artist and
audience abreast with supreme experience. Indian art is unsurpassed in
transmitting the spiritual contents into their plastic form.
Characteristics of Indian Art.
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