How Buddhism Began (The Conditioned Genesis of the Early Teachings)

How Buddhism Began (The Conditioned Genesis of the Early Teachings)

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Item Code: IDD908
Author: Richard F Gombrich
Publisher: MUNSHIRAM MANOHARLAL PUBLISHERS PVT LTD
Language: English
Edition: 2014
ISBN: 9788121508124
Pages: 191
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 9.0 inch X 6.0 inch
Weight 340 gm
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About the Book:

This book takes a fresh look at the earliest Buddhist texts and offers various suggestions how the teachings in them had developed. Two themes predominate, firstly, it argues that we cannot understand the Buddha unless we understand that he was debating with other religious teachers, notably Brahmins. For example, he denied the existence of a "soul", but what exactly was he denying? Another chapter suggests that the canonical story of the Buddha's encounter with a brigand who wore a garland of his victims' fingers probably reflects an encounter with a form of ecstatic religion.

The other main theme concerns metaphor, allegory and literalism. By taking the words of the texts literally - despite the Buddha's warning not to - successive generations of his disciples created distinctions and developed doctrines far beyond his original intention. One chapter shows how this led to a scholastic categorization of meditation. Failure to understand a basic metaphor also gave rise to the late argument between the Mahayana and the older tradition. Perhaps most important of all, a combination of literalism with ignorance of the Buddha's allusions to brahminism led Buddhists to forget that the Buddha had preached that love, like Christian charity, could itself be directly salvific.

About the Author:

Richard F. Gombrich is currently the Boden Professor of Sanskrit at Oxford University. He has written numerous books and articles on Buddhism, but his most recent include The World of Buddhism: Buddhist Monks and Nuns in Society and Culture (1991) and Buddhist Percept and Practise (1991). He is the President of the Pali Text Society and won the Sri Lanka Ranjana award in 1994 and the SC Chakrabarty medal from the Asiatic Society the previous year.

CONTENTS

Prefaceix
Abbreviationsxi
  1. Debate, Skill in Means, Allegory and Literalism
1
  1. How, not What: Kamma as a Reaction to Brahminism
27
  1. Metaphor, Allegory, Satire
65
  1. Retracing an Ancient Debate: How Insight Worsted Concentration in the Pali Canon
96
  1. Who was Angulimala?
135
Bibliography165
General Index170
Index of Texts Cited179

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