We are presenting here two kosas of Saubhari viz Ekartha. niimamiila and Dvyakaranamamala. The Ekarthanamamala deals with Ekakaras i, e. single consonants and the Dvyaksaranamamala with double consonants. Though we have a number of Ekakara•kosas• written by different lexicographers, the one we have is differ- ent from them and is, therefore, unique in itself. In it the meanings are given not only to ka, kha; ga, gha; etc. but to ka, ka, ki, ki, etc; kha, kha, khi, khi etc. also. Only in Buddhist kojia named Abhidhana.ppadipika, we find exactly a similar type of treatment given to vocables. The second work of Saubhari viz the Dvyakaranamamala is also quite peculiar in collecting together all the double consonants with meanings assigned to each of them. As far as the Editor of the present work knows, he has not come across such type of work in the whole range of kosa literature. Naturally a majority of the vocables from this kosa has not been recorded in any published Dictionaries.
The present edition is based on the following MSS.
1. The MS. named here as A, 'belongs to Anup Sanskrit Library Bikaner (No. 5453). It consists of 16 folios, each folio containing ... 12 lines on an average. It is written in legible Devanagarr characters. P':thamatras are invariably used. It always gins correct readings and is free from grammatical mistakes and scribal errors. It contains both the kosas and both of them are complete. It has marginal notes of the nature of a gloss. It is dated as Sam vat 1639 and the colophon states that the MS. was written on Ravivara, 9th day of the first half of Vaisakha.
2. This MS. cited here as B belongs to the Government Collec- tion (No. 20 and 21 of 1874-7S) deposited at the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Poona. It is of the size of 8iw x 4l". It contains 21 leaves, each leaf having 7 to 9 lines on it on an average. It is written in Devanagart characters on a thick country paper. The handwriting is bold, legible and uniform. The borders of leaves are ruled in triple red lines. It contains both the works. It is not dated and its appear. ance is not very old. It also contains marginal notes of the nature of a gloss.
3. This is another MS. called here as C belonging to the Govern- ment Collection (No. 581 of 1887-91) deposited at the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Poona. It contains 17 leaves, each leaf 9I4 x Sf in size and each leaf containing 11 lines to a page on an average. It is written on thick country paper in Devanagarr characters. The handwriting is bold. clear. legible and uniform. Red pigment is used for verse numbers and yellow pigment is used for corrections. It contains both the works. The notes of the nature of a gloss are given in the margin. The MS. is not very old.
4. This MS. named here as D also belongs to the Government collection (No. 577 of 1887-91) deposited at the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute. Poona. It has 6 folios. each folio 12;}" x 5r' in size and each folio containing 11 lines on an average. It contains only Ekiirthanamamala. It is written on a country paper in Devanagart characters. The meanings are given just above the vocables in between two lines for the first few passages, It being written most incorrectly. is not completely used for the present edition. But it gives sometimes good readings, not found in other three MSS. mentioned above.
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