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The Decline and Fall of the Indus Civilization

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The Decline and Fall of the Indus Civilization
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Item Code: IDE203
Author: Ed. By. Nayanjot Lahiri
Publisher: Permanent Black
Language: English
Edition: 2003
ISBN: 8178240327
Pages: 420 (B & W Illus: 15, Figures: 12, Maps: 24)
Cover: Paperback
Other Details: 8.3" X 5.3"
From the Jacket:

Perhaps the fiercest debate on the Indus civilization is over the reasons for the end of India's earliest cities. Did they dramatically collapse or was there a steady urban decline? Was the decline a result of inroads by the notorious Aryans or should the idea of these invasions by notorious Aryans or should the idea of these invasions be relegated to mythology? How did rivers, earthquakes and climatic shifts contribute to the disintegration? Was the end of the civilization marked by a cultural fracture of did its traditions persist? Read this book to find out…..

About the Author:

Nayanjot Lahiri teaches Archaeology at the Department of History Delhi University. She is the author of Pre-Ahom Assam (1991) and The Archaeology of Indian Trade Routes (1992).

From the back of the book:

'The volume is more than a compendium of the debates: it is also a guide to the issues at the heart of them…Lahiri brings to bear unique insights due to her longstanding association with the field.'

- The Telegraph

'….valuable both for scholars and for general readers seeking an informed perspective on the history and content of the thought-provoking, continuing debate on the decline of the Indus civilization.'

- The Indian Express

'…contains thirty articles classified under different subjects and themes with covering introduction. Diverse publications on the decline and fall of the Indus civilization and the change and continuity thereafter ranging from the 1920s to the 1990s are juxtaposed here.'

- Indian Review of Books

CONTENTS

Introduction

1
I. INDUS CITIES AND THE ARYANS: HISTORICAL CONQUERORS, MYTHICAL MARAUDERS OR VEDIC HARAPPANS?

First Formulations: Chanda vs. Chanda

I.1The Indus Valley in the Vedic Period
Ramaprasad Chanda
37
I.2 The Aryans: A Study of Indo-European Origins
V.Gordon Childe
43
I.3 Survival of the Prehistoric Civilization of the Indus Valley
Ramaprasad Chanda
47
The Debate Continues
I.4 Harappa 1946: The Defences and Cemetery R37
R.E.M. Wheeler
50
I.5 The Supposed Carnage of the City People by the Aryans
P.V. Kane
58
I.6 The Relation of Harappan Culture with the Rgveda
A.D. Pusalker
67
I.7 The Mythical Massacre at Mohenjodaro
George F. Dales
72
I.8 It is Time to Rethink
B.B. Lal
83
I.9 Have Aryans been Identified in the Prehistoric Skeletal Record from South Asia? Biological Anthropology and Concepts of Ancient Races
Kenneth A.R. Kennedy
95
I.10 Aryan Invasions Over Four Millennia
Edmund Leach

117
II. ENVIRONMENT AND COLLAPSE

Silt and Sediment: Evidence and Interpretation

II.1Chanhu-daro Excavations
E.J.H. Mackay
141
II.2Lothal: A Harappan Port Town
S.R. Rao
146
II.3Bio-geological Evidence Bearing on the Decline of the Indus Valley Civilization
M.R. Sahni
155
II.4The Indus Flood Plain and the 'Indus' Civilization
H.T. Lambrick
167
II.5The Consequences of River Changes fro the Harappan Settlements in Cholistan
M.R. Mughal
188
II.6Kalibangan: Death from Natural Causes
Robert Raikes
201
II.7Remote Sensing of the 'Lost' Saraswati River
Yash Pal, Baldev Sahai, R.K. Sood and D.P. Agrawal
213
II.8High-resolution Holocene Environmental Changes in the Thar Desert, Northwestern India
Y.Knzel, L.L. Ely, S. Mishra, R. Ramesh, R. Amit, B. Lazar, S.N. Rajaguru, V.R. Baker and A. Sandler
226
II.9Climate, a Factor in the Rise and Fall of the Indus Civilization - Evidence from Rajasthan and Beyond
V.N. Misra
239
The Impact of Harappans on the Environment
II.10The Origin, Character and Decline of an Early Civilization
Walter A. Fairservis, Jr.

251
III. FROM A CITY CIVILIZATION TO A PHASE OF DEVOLUTION

Continuity or Change?

III.1The Late Harappans
Dilip K. Chakrabarti
267
III.2Conquerors from the West
Stuart Piggott
282
III.3Excavation at Rangpur and Other Explorations in Gujarat
S.R. Rao
286
III.4Survival? Revival? Import?
A. Ghosh
297
III.5Dholavira
R.S. Bisht
305
III.6Late Harappan Settlements of Western India, with Special Reference to Gujarat
Kuldeep K. Bhan
315
III.7Continuity and Change in the North Kachi Plain (Baluchistan, Pakistan) at the Beginning of the Second Millennium BC
J.F. Jarrige
344
III.8The Patterns and Problems in the History of Crops
Dilip K. Chakrabarti
363
III.9Rice and Ragi at Harappa: Preliminary Result by Plant Opal Analysis
H. Fujiwara, M.R. Mughal, A. Sasaki and T. Matano
269
III.10Raw Material Usage and Trade Routes
Nayanjot Lahiri

381
Bibliography391
Endpapers: Material equipment of Rangpur and other chalcolithic sites

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