Look Inside

A Critical Study in the Schism in Early Buddhist Monastic Tradition

FREE Delivery
Delivery Ships in 1-3 days
Item Code: NAW607
Author: Lokananda C. Bhikkhu
Language: English
Edition: 2019
ISBN: 9788194011132
Pages: 164
Other Details 8.50 X 5.50 inch
Weight 170 gm
Fully insured
Fully insured
Shipped to 153 countries
Shipped to 153 countries
More than 1M+ customers worldwide
More than 1M+ customers worldwide
100% Made in India
100% Made in India
23 years in business
23 years in business
Book Description


This is the modified version of my M.A. thesis - titled Dasavatthu and Pancavatthu: A Critical Study in the Schism in Early Buddhist Monastic Tradition, which I submitted to the Department of Asian and Asian-American Studies, California State University-Long Beach in 1992. After long laps of time, I decided to circulate it in electronic media - https://www. academia.edu for others reading pleasure. Since then I noticed that a number of people have visited that web-page and that a number of users (perhaps from academic circle) have used it as reference resource or cited from it in supportive evidence or as opposed to their academic argument. However, whatever pro or con argument could have been, it does not matter to this author, but what matters to him is that certain readers enjoyed reading it or benefitted by using it. Hence, some of my friends suggested me to bring it out as a book, which first, I was apprehensive to do that, but later realized that it could have been a nice idea to bring it out as a book not for financial gain, but for academic advancement in the field. In 2017, it was published by the First Design Publishers in Florida, United States (Print on Order) as the Split in the Samgha: How did it happen? I thought I should bring another addition with its original title as it is now.

The theme of this study fascinated me since I was an undergraduate student in the University of Sri Lanka. Later, while pursuing my graduate studies in the University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA), I wrote a short term paper for Prof. Stanley Wolpert who encouraged me to continue on this topic. Once in Bunche Hall (UCLA) Dr. A. L. Basham - the distinguished Indologist, who was answering to a question, after a long lecture pin-pointed to us that there were socio- political influence over the Buddhist monastic tradition since there were numareous members in the Buddhist Sarngha from different racial groups as various rulling families played an important part in Buddhism as well. This led me to undertake further studies on it; the result was my MA thesis.

The purpose of this study was as to examine how and why the Buddhist monastic tradition split first, into, two major sects as Sthaviravada and Mahasamghika, and later on each sect split into multiple sub-sects as traditional counts runs as eighteen sects (astadasanikzyay). However, what was the main reason or reasons for this split, or when, at what time and date such split occured? Wilhelm Geiger observed the first split and the reason for the first split. Thus he states:

It is historically confirmed, I think, that the first schism in the Church proceeded from Vesali and that the dasavatthuni of the Vajji-monks brought it about. But it is doubtful when this separation resulted, where it took place, and whether after this Second Council yet a third took place and at what time'.

Geiger pointed out that it was because of the dasavatthuni (Ten- Points) the split took place; but did he forget or ignore the pancavaithuni (Five-Points)? If Geiger forgot the pahcavatthu, then does it means that the pahncavatthu was not in the disputed scene! A clear explanation is still lacking. There are several academic and non-academic monographs, articles, books and studies done by various qualified individuals, but still none these studies could provide an exact conclusion as to why the split occurred. However, each major sect kept its own record. Perhaps from the Pali Buddhism standpoint the Cullavagga (especially Chapters XI and XII) and a commentarial work - the Dhammapadatthakatha, Majjhima Niksya (Kosambiya Sutta) , Mahavagga (kosambi kkandha)2 are the earliest records of this dispute; and the Cullavagga provides a detail reason, which is known as dasavatthu (Ten Points) for this split, but from the Sanskrit Buddhism standpoint, there is another reason known as pancavatthu (Five Points) opposing the dasavatthu, which is also taken as the main reason for this split. Unfortunately, any earliest document in Sanskrit is unbeknownst to this author. The well-known Belgian Buddhologist Louis de La Vallee Poussin while investigating the subject found the parallel of the Sanskrit Five-Points (pancavatthu) in the Pali Abhidharmic literature - the Kathavatthuppakarana. However, both these alleged reasons lead Buddhologists to examine the origins of both dasavatthu and paitcavatthu. Then the examination of these two issues led again to examine the origin of the Second Buddhist Council, which was held in Vaisall; because the beginning of both these split disputes - dasavatthu or pancavasthu, said to be the time periods of the Second Buddhist Council.

**Contents and Sample Pages**



Frequently Asked Questions
  • Q. What locations do you deliver to ?
    A. Exotic India delivers orders to all countries having diplomatic relations with India.
  • Q. Do you offer free shipping ?
    A. Exotic India offers free shipping on all orders of value of $30 USD or more.
  • Q. Can I return the book?
    A. All returns must be postmarked within seven (7) days of the delivery date. All returned items must be in new and unused condition, with all original tags and labels attached. To know more please view our return policy
  • Q. Do you offer express shipping ?
    A. Yes, we do have a chargeable express shipping facility available. You can select express shipping while checking out on the website.
  • Q. I accidentally entered wrong delivery address, can I change the address ?
    A. Delivery addresses can only be changed only incase the order has not been shipped yet. Incase of an address change, you can reach us at help@exoticindia.com
  • Q. How do I track my order ?
    A. You can track your orders simply entering your order number through here or through your past orders if you are signed in on the website.
  • Q. How can I cancel an order ?
    A. An order can only be cancelled if it has not been shipped. To cancel an order, kindly reach out to us through help@exoticindia.com.
Add a review
Have A Question

For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy

Book Categories