Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar and Dictionary (2 Volumes)

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Item Code: IDD862
Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
Author: Franklin Edgerton
Language: English
Edition: 2011
ISBN: 8121511100
Pages: 896
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 11.1" X 8.9"
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Book Description
About the Book

This is a pioneering work dealing with the description of the grammar and the lexicon of Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit (BHS). Most of the Buddhist texts available in north India are based on it. It is based primarily on an old Middle Indic vernacular not otherwise identifiable. It contains features which were borrowed from other Middle Indic dialects either originally or in the course of historic development or both. In other words, even its Middle Indic aspects are dialectically somewhat mixed. However, Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit (BHS) was also influenced extensively by Sanskrit from the very beginning of the tradition as it has been transmitted to us and increasingly as time went on. Later many products of this tradition have often, though wrongly been called "Sanskrit" without any bearing.

The most striking peculiarity of this language is that from the very beginning of its tradition it was modified in the direction of standard Sanskrit, while still retaining evidences of its Middle Indic origin, in all its texts, even the oldest, as shown by our manuscripts and editions.

Sanskritisms are constantly presented cheek by jowl with Middle Indic forms, and often with hybrids which strictly are neither one or other. These Sanskritisms are much too common to be comparable with stray Sanskrit loan words or loan forms which may have been occasionally adopted in many genuine Middle Indic vernacular.

The author has excluded from the grammar and dictionary all forms which are standard Sanskrit, and all words which are used in standard Sanskrit with the same meanings.

Volume I: Grammar

List of Chapter
Bibliography and abbreviations
  1. Introduction
  2. Phonology, consonants
  3. Phonology, vowels
  4. Samdhi
  5. Number
  6. Gender
  7. Case
  8. a-stems
  9. a-stems
  10. I-stems with I- and in-stems
  11. Feminines in -a and -I
  12. u and u-stems
  13. r-stems
  14. Diphthongal stems
  15. Consonant stems
  16. s-stems
  17. n-stems
  18. nt-stems
  19. Numerals
  20. Personal Pronoun
  21. Generic Pronoun
  22. Noun suffix
  23. Noun and verb compounds
  24. The verb: general remarks
  25. Person and number
  26. Personal endings
  27. Non-Sanskritic treatment of thematic vowel
  28. Summary classification of non-Sanskritic presents
  29. Optative
  30. Imperative
  31. Future
  32. Aorist, or preterite (including imperfect)
  33. Perfect
  34. Participies, including gerundives
  35. Gerund
  36. Infinitive
  37. Voice
  38. Stems in aya (e); causative, denominative, etc.
  39. Intensive
  40. Desiderative
  41. Syntactic addenda to the verb
  42. Constructions with ma
  43. Synopsis of verb fforms
Volume II. Dictionary

Partial Index of Middle Indic words



    Other Prakrit, Apabhramsa, and Desi words

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