Upanisads, Brahmasutra and Srimadbhagavadgita-these are said to have formed the Prasthanatrayi in the tradition of Indian Philosophy. We have a long tradition of hermaneutics focusing the Prasthanatrayi. Various systems of Indian philosophy specially the schools of Vedanta sprang and developed from this hermaneutics. The history of Bhasyas on Brahmasutra of Badarayana Vyasa is well known. Multifarious schools of Vedanta-Advaita, Dvaita, Dvaitadvaita, Visistadvaita, Suddhadvaita and others developed from this hermaneutics. The tradition of Bhasyas on Brahmasutra still continues. The latest to join the great line of Bhasyakaras is perhaps Visvanathasimhajudeva, king of Rewa state (formerly in Bhaghelakhanda, now in Madhya Pradesh). Who composed Radhavallabhiyamataprakasaka Brahmasutrabhasya. Visvanathasimhajudeva is a well known figure in the history of Sanskrit literature as a patron of poets as well as a philosopher and himself a poet. He composed Ramacandrikahnikam, a Ragakavya in the line of Jayadeva's Gitagovinda. Another work, Sangitaraghunandanam, in ten cantos, again an imitation of Jayadeva's Gitagovinda, is also attributed to him.
Visvanathasimhajudeva was an ardent devotee of Srirama, and the cult of Ramopasana and Ramabhakti that developed during his rule in Rewa held Rama as the Ultimate, transcending the categories of Saguna and Nirguna or Sakara and Nirakara, and remaining beyond speech, mind and sense organs. This Ultimate Rama can be realised only by Love.
In fact, Visvanathasimhajudeva has reapropriated the tenets of Gaudiya Bhaktisampradaya in accordance with his faith in Rama. He has high regards for Krsna cult, and Caitanya's school. A profound scholar of philosophical schools, he profusely quotes texts like Varaha and Vamana Puranas, Sadasivasamhita, Bhusundiramayana, Ramayaniya Janakistava, Krsnopanisad Ramatapaniyopanisad etc. He establishes identity between Sita and Radha on one hand and between Rama and Krsna on the other. He also re-inteprates the sytems of Madhva, Nimbaraka and other. The uniqueness of his Bhasya lies in the assimilation of Madhuryabhakti in the faith for Rama.
Prof. Mithila Prasad Tripathi, Director of Kalidasa Akademi, Ujjain deserves credit for having discovered the rare manuscript of Radhavallabhiyamataprakasaka Brahmasutrabhasya by Visvanathasimhajudeva and having taken pains to prepare presscopy of his valuable treatise. Eventhough this new Bhasya on the Brahmasutra by Visvanathasimhajudeva is imcomplete, we believe that it will further stimulate investigations in the area of Vedanta.
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