Bharat Ratnas

Bharat Ratnas

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Item Code: IDK984
Author: D P Sabharwal
Publisher: Rupa Publication Pvt. Ltd.
Edition: 2008
Pages: 132 (41 B/W Illustrations)
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 8.9" X 5.8"
From The Jacket
Every country has its great men and women who serve the country and who are responsible to some extent of taking their country to greater heights.

Indian honours such people with the Bharat Ratnas, the highest civilian awards bestowed by the country for exceptional service towards advancement of art, literature and science, and in recognition of public service of the highest order.

The boo covers forty-one luminaries from various walks of life who are considered Bharat Ratnas or Gems of India and highlights the their illustrious deeds. What made them special and worthy of the country's highest honour and why are they considered Gems of the Nation? One will find the answers to these questions in the book.

Wg Cdr D P Sabharwal is a postgraduate in Aeronautical Engineering. He had a distinguished career spanning twenty-five years in the Indian Air Force. He took premature retirement to pursue a career of teaching and writing. He has published twelve books on aviation related subjects. This is his fourth book with Rupa & Co.

India's highest awards, the Bharat Ratna, which roughly translates as the 'Gem of India' is conferred for the highest degrees of national service that includes artistic, literary, and scientific achievements, as well as 'recognition of Public service of the highest order'. Unlike knights, holders of the Bharat Ratna carry no special title nor any other honorifics, but they do have a place in the order of precedence.

The order was established by Dr Rajendra Prasad, President of India, on 2 January 1954. The original statutes of January 1954 did not make allowance for posthumous awards, which perhaps explains why the decoration was never awarded to Mahatma Gandhi. This provision was added in the January 1955 statute. Subsequently, there have been eleven posthumous awards, including the award to Subhash Chandra Bose in 1992, which was later withdrawn due to a legal technicality following the controversy about whether he is dead or still alive, and is the only case of an award being withdrawn.

While there was no formal provision that recipients of the Bharat Ratna should be Indian citizens, this seems to have been the general assumption. There has been one award to a naturalised Indian citizen: Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, better known as Mother Teresa and two non-Indians, namely Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and Nelson Mandela.

Beginning with 1954 when the awards given to three personalities, so far forty-one Bharat Ratnas have been awarded, the last ones being in 2001. The subsequent pages briefly highlight the achievements of these great personalities.


1.S. Radhakrishnan1
2.C. Rajagopalchari4
3.Dr C.V. Raman7
4.Dr Bhagwan Das10
5.Sir M. Visvesvaraya13
6.Jawaharlal Nehru17
7.Govind Ballabh Pant19
8.Dr. Dhondo Keshav Karve23
9.Dr B.C. Roy25
10.Purushottam Das Tandon29
11.Dr Rajendra Prasad31
12.Dr. Zakir Hussain34
13.Dr Pandurang Vaman Kane37
14.Lal Bahadur Shastri41
15.Indira Gandhi43
16.V.V. Giri46
17.K. Kamaraj49
18.Mother Teresa52
19.Acharya Vinod Bhave55
20.Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan 58
21.M.G. Ramachandran 61
22.Dr B.R. Ambedkar65
23.Nelson Mandela67
24.Rajiv Gandhi70
25.Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel73
26.Morarji Desai76
27.Maulana Abul Kalam Azad79
28.JRD Tata82
29.Satyajit Ray85
30.Subhash Chandra Bose89
31.APJ Abdul Kalam 91
32.Gulzarilal Nanda95
33.Aruna Asaf Ali97
34.M.S. Subbulakshmi100
35.C. Subramaniam103
36.Jayaprakash Narayan106
37.Pandit Ravi Shankar109
38.Dr Amartya Kumar Sen112
39.Gopinath Bordoloi115
40.Lata Mangeshkar118
41.Ustad Bismillah Khan121

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