From the Jacket:
This book is an attempt at presenting to the readers a critical analysis of the philosophy of Advaita Vedanta by comparing the views of the Bhamati and Vivarana Schools, the two most important protagonists of Sankara's philosophy, with a detailed study of the original texts. It begins with a survey of the historical development of Advaitic thought, starting right from the Vedas to end up with the modern period. In the successive chapters, the author delves into the problems of error, Jiva, Jagat, Isvara and their relation with Brahman, and the concepts of the Absolute and Moksa, with an additional note on Buddhist Absolutism.
The Author has taken up for discussion in this work the basic concepts of Advaita Vedanta as interpreted by Vacaspati Misra and Prakasatman, encompassing the concepts of Maya, Avidya, Adhyasa, Anirvacaniyata, Bimba-pratibimba-vada, Avaccheda-vada, Parinama-vada, Vivartavada, the Locus of Avidya, Brahmavagati, Jivanmukti, Videhamukti etc.
The arguments presented here in a logical manner backed by copious references have contributed in making the book very lucid and authentic. It is no doubt a must for research scholars of Advaita Vedanta and for all those interested in Indian Philosophy, and in Indian Spiritualism in particular.
About the Author:
The author is engaged in the field of Education for the past three decades and is at present Senior Lecturer and Head of the Department of Sanskrit, Indian Philosophy and Hindu Theology at the Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Mauritius. As a Government of India Scholar he joined the University of Delhi in 1980 to undertake an in depth study of Sanskrit and Indian Philosophy, which culminated in the successful submission by him of this work in 1999 as his Ph.D. Thesis, Dr. Roodurmun is among the rare scholars outside India engaged in the study and promotion of Sanskrit and Indian Philosophy.
Kanshi Ram teaches Sanskrit at Hans Raj College, University of Delhi, Delhi.
It gives me great pleasure in writing a few words about the
work of Pulasth Soobah Roodurmun. I have gone through the
work and I am of the opinion that it is a work of a mature
The aim of this work has been to present in clear terms the
distinct views of Bhamati and Pancapadika-vivarana on various
philosophical issues. These two great commentaries by two great
philosophers, Vacaspati Misra and Prakasatman gave birth to
the two schools of thought on Advaita Vedanta of Sankara,
popularly known as Bhamati school and Vivara-a school.
The present author has selected some important issues from
the Advaita Philosophy like the theory of error; concepts of
Jiva,Jagat, Isvara, Brahman, and Moksa and has presented them
with the views of both the schools in a very clear and cogent
manner. He has been successful in highlighting both, the points
of similarities and those of dissimilarities, between the views
held by Vacaspati and Prakasatman, and has left it to the readers
to draw conclusions independently. All the conclusions of the
author are authenticated by citing relevant texts from the respective
commentaries. This has enhanced the authenticity of this work.
I am sure, this work will certainly help in understanding
these two schools of Sankara-Vedanta in particular and the
Advaita Vedanta in general. I hope that the book is received
While studying the Brahma-sutra-bhasya of Sankara at Post-
Graduation level, I developed an interest in Advaita Vedanta
thanks to the masterly treatment of the subject by scholars of
the calibre of Dr. S.N. Nigam, Prof. B.R. Sharma, Prof. Raghunath
Sharma and others. This interest was given a new fillip when
I started studying the Bharnati from Dr. Kanshi Ram who,
seeing my keen interest in the subject, suggested that I should
do research in this very subject for my Ph.D. It was thus that
the idea of undertaking an analytical study of the Bharnati and
the Vivarana was envisaged which has materialized in the form
of this thesis.
I am, therefore, grateful to my Supervisor, Dr. Kanshi Ram,
Reader, Department of Sanskrit, Hans Raj College, for having
initiated me into the present study, and for the pains taken
by him to meticulously go into each and every detail of the
thesis, and for giving valuable suggestions for betterment all
through. It goes without saying that this study would not have
been accomplished in time but for his continuous and tireless
support. I am also thankful to the Department of Sanskrit of
the University of Delhi, in particular, Prof. S.P. Narang, Head
of the Department, for his technical advice and support;
Prof. P. Kumar, for his tacit support; Prof. B.R. Sharma, for
his active interest and encouragement; Prof. A. Kumar, for
taking personal interest with regard to the research project
and for wider suggestions given by him from time to time;
Prof. M.M. Agrawal, for all help, consideration and moral
support. A word of thanks is also addressed to Prof. R.R.
Pandey, Head of the Department of Philosophy, Banaras Hindu
University, for his constructive suggestions.
I would fail in my duty if I were not to pay my respects to
Dr. Ramashraya Sharma, my M. Phil Supervisor, who has been
all along a source of irispiration for me. To him, therefore,
I wish to express my deep gratitude.
Thanks are also due to the Librarian and Staff of the
Central Reference Library of the University of Delhi without
whose co-operation this research work could not have been
pursued successfully, and in the same breath, I want to convey
a word of appreciation to the Principal and Staff of the Hans
Raj College (University of Delhi) for all help and facilities
extended to me.
The completion of this study was made possible by the
financial and logistic support received from the Mahatma
Gandhi Institute (Mauritius), the Tertiary Education Commission
(Mauritius) and the University Grants Commission (Delhi). To
all these institutions, and to Prof. Uttam Bissoondoyal, Director
of the Mahatma Gandhi Institute in particular, I am therefore
I would also like to express my gratitude to all the authors
and Publishers whose works (as duly acknowledged) have
contributed directly or indirectly to the writing of this thesis.
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