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Ayurvediya Sarirakriya Vijnana

Ayurvediya Sarirakriya Vijnana
Item Code: IHL146
Author: Vaidya Y.G. Joshi,Translated by Vaidya Priya M.Nene
Publisher: Chaukhambha Visvabharati
Edition: 2010
ISBN: 9788190987110
Pages: 440
Cover: Paperback
Other Details: 8.5 inch X 5.5 inch


Having received the priviledge for teaching the subject of Kayachikitsa to the students of Tilak Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya has helped me appreciate the importance of the basic subject of Sharir Kriya the knowledge of Sharir Kriya acquired with respect to the point of view of Chikitsa helps the students reach a better understainging.

Without a thorough comprehension of the basic concepts of ‘Dosha-Dhatu mala’ in their normal balanced state, one is unable to detect any abnormality in the condition of these or any other bodily elements.


The ‘svastha’ or the healthy state of being can be physically defined as the balanced state of the doshas in the body. Any imbalance in this state of doshas results in ill health and thence, arises the need for proper medical consultation and treatment. Thus, for offering apt medical treatment for diseases, which are the result of abnormal state of doshas, it is vital to first acknowledge the normal state of doshas. Hence, accurate discrement of the subject of kriya is vital in preparing a sound base for further studies in the field of Ayurvedic Medicine.

With the opportunity of teach Sharir Kriya as a subject, I also realized that the teaching of Sharir kriya subject combined with proper insights into Chikitsa also helps in better understanding of the fundamental concepts and philosophy of Ayurveda. This sole aim and a genuine concern towards the students of Ayurveda has initiated the writing of this volume of Sharir Kriya.

The book includes a detailed description of ‘Sharir Kriya’ as per the Ayurvedic philosophy, accompanied with an overview of the modern or allopathic subject of ‘physiology’ to complete the curriculum of the graduate course as dictated by the C.C.I.M. and accepted by the Ayurveda departments of various state universities. The book also includes as introduction to Yogashastra for a complete appreciation of the subject of Sharir Kriya.

The earlier texts on this subject authored by Vd. Mama Gokhale and Vd. S.G. Vartak provided valuable guidance in the writing of this book.

I wish to express deep appreciation for the efforts of Vd. Medha Joshi, Vd. Archana Barve and Vd. Nandini Dhargalkar, who have been helpful in the compilation of such a vast subject and also those of Vd. Priya Nene who has flawlessly translated the original Marathi version into the universal language of English.

A textbook of the fundamental principles of Ayurveda, this book shall be of immense help to students, practitioners and professors a like to reach a better understanding of the Ayurvedic philosophy and to appreciate the knowledge stored in ancient Ayurvedic texts.

About the Author

Prof. Dr. Y. G. Joshi, a renowned physician in the field of Ayurveda was born on 12th April 1936, in Nipani, Maharashtra. He completed his basic education in Nipani and then acquired the graduate degree of ‘G.F.A.M.’ in the field of Ayurveda, from the Tilak Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya Pune. He then went on to complete his post graduation ‘H.P.A.’ from Jamnagar, Gujrat.

Vd. Y.G. Joshi is the son of Vd. G.R. Joshi Panchanadikar. He finally elected to settle in the city of Pune which witnessed his growth from a young, budding Ayurvedic practioner to an eminent personality/authority in the field of Ayurveda. With immense dedication and a command over each of the topics, Vd. Joshi tutors for a varied range of subjects like. Sharir Kriya, which comprises of the fundamental principle of Ayurvedic Philosophy and Kaya chikitsa, which deals with the diagnosis and management of diseases. He sincere and consistent efforts in imparting information and knowledge regarding Ayurvedic concepts to students and laymen alike are well known. He has always been determined in creating an awareness for the science of Ayurveda in the minds of the general public and also in clearing the misconceptions regarding Ayurvedic concepts and philosophy from the minds of students and doctors from different medical pathies. He has voluntarily participated in lectures, forums and camps with the same aim and forethought in mind.

He joined the Tilak Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya in 1961 as a lecturer and practicing physicians and has graced several positions of authority thereafter. He continues to practice Ayurvedic Medicine with the attached hospital and is equally active in his own private practice.

A brief overview of several responsible possible positions held/graced by Prof. Vd. Y.G. Joshi and his participation in important projects.


  Chapter Page No.
1 Introduction 3-8
  Aims and objectives of Ayurveda 5
  Difference similarities between Sharir Kriya and Rachana 8
2 Evolution of Universe 9-23
  Definition of Sharir 9
  Sankhya Philosophy 10
  Ayurvedic viewpoint regarding the Process of Evolution of Universe 13
  Bhutantaranupravesha 15
  Purusha 17
  Ayurvedic theory regarding the cause for creation of universe 17
  Swabhava Vada 18
  Ishwara Vada 18
  Kalavada 19
  Yadruchhavada 19
  Niyativada 20
  Parinamavada 20
3 Chikitsadhishthita Purusha 24-29
  Rashi Purusha 26
  Karma Purusha 27
  Sanyoga Purusha 28
4 Purushajanma-Garbhotpatti 30-37
  Matruja Bhava (Maternal Factors) 34
  Pitruja Bhava (Paternal Factors) 35
  Atmaja Bhava 35
  Rasaja Bhava 36
  Satvaja Bhava 36
  Satmaja Bhava 36
5 The Panchamahabhuta Philosophy 38-46
  Distinguishing characteristics of the mahabhutas 39
  Animate and Inanimate objects 40
  Constitution of Chikitsapurusha 41
  Parthvia Substances 43
  Apya Substances 44
  Tejas Substances 44
  Vayaviya Substances 45
  Akashiya Substances 45
6 Atma-Jeevatma 47-52
7 Indriya Vijnana 53-70
  Jnanidriya or Sensory Organs 53
  Indriya Panchaka 54
  Indriyartha-Subjects of knowledge or perception 55
  Tulyayonitva Siddhanta-Theory of Common origin 56
  Dhyanendriya 56
  Sparshanidriya-Sense organ of touch (skin) 57
  Chakshurindriya-Sense organ of sight 58
  Rasanindriya-Sense organ of taste 59
  Ghranindriya-Sense organ of smell 60
  Karmindriya 60
  Mana or the Mind 62
8 Digestion 71-117
  Anna Prashasti Eulogy of Food Material 73
  Body Nourishing Elements 76
  Diet 77
  Ahar-Vidhi-Visheshayatanani 79
  Functional organs of digestion 82
  Digestion in the Oral Cavity 85
  Digestion 87
  Importance of the Process of Udirana or Secretion 92
  Annaprapaka 94
  Functions of pachaka pitta 96
  Functions of Samana Vayu 98
  Concept of Agni 99
  Difference between the entities of agni and pitta 101
  Types of agni 105
  Jatharagni 105
  Bhautikagi 105
  Dhatvagni 107
  Incitation of vayu 107
  Concept of kitta 108
  Purishadhara kala and its functions 110
  Production of Urine 112
  Functions of apana vayu 115
  Important factors in the process of digestion 116
9 Sukshma Pachana-Anupaka 118-146
  Digestion at Micro levels 118
  Ahara rasa 119
  Nutritive and excretory material 122
  Concept of anupaka 124
  Functional elements in digestion at micro level 127
  Sequential production of dhatus 128
  Time required for production of dhatus 129
  Formation of fecus and duration required for it 132
  Concept of upadhatu 134
  Dadhiksheera nyaya 137
  Kedari Kulya theory 137
  Khale Kulya theory 138
  The ksheeradadhi nyaya 139
  Kedarikulya nyaya 141
  Khale kapota nyaya 143
10 Dosha-Dhatu-Mala 147-155
  Dhatu 148
  Mala 148
  Dosha 149
  Tridosha 150
11 Vatadosha 156-182
  Evolution 156
  Etymological interpretation of the word vayu 157
  Alternative nomenclature 157
  Functions of Vata dosha 160
  Prana vayu 166
  Udana Vayu 170
  Samana Vayu 172
  Vyana Vayu 175
  Apana Vayu 177
  Interrelation between the vata subtypes 179
  Eulogy for vata dosha 180
12 Pittadosha 183-204
  Etymology of pitta 184
  Alternative nomenclature 184
  Mahabhuta visesa 184
  Specific attributes of pitta 185
  Types of pitta 192
  Pachaka Pitta 193
  Ranjaka Pitta 196
  Sadhaka pitta 198
  Alochaka pitta 201
  Bhrajaka pitta 202
  Interrelation between the pitta subtypes 203
13 Kapha Dosha 205-222
  Etimological derivation of the word kapha 206
  Alternative nomenclature 206
  Mahabhuta vishesha 206
  Attributes of kapha dosha 206
  Types of kapha dosha 214
  Kledaka Kapha 214
  Avalambaka kapha 216
  Normal functions of avalambaka kapha 217
  Bodhaka Kapha 218
  Tarpaka Kapha 219
  Shleshaka Kapha 219
  Inter realationship between kapha subtypes 220
  Vayu 221
  Pitta 221
  Kapha 222
14 A word about the Tridosha Theory 223-232
  The Panchabhautika constitution of doshas 226
  Vayu 228
  Pitta dosha 228
  Kapha dosha 229
  Concept of Poshya-Poshaka dhatus 229
15 Prakruti Vijnana 233-265
  Genesis of Prakruti 234
  Influence of dosha attributes on expression of prakruti 237
  Behavioural similitudes depending on Prakruti 238
  Vata Prakruti 239
  Psychological traits of vata prakruti person 243
  Behavioural similitude of vata prakruti (Anukatva) 244
  Pitta Prakruti 244
  Psychological traits of pitta prakuti 247
  Anukatva-Behavioral similituede of kapha prakruti 253
  Bhautika Prakruti 254
  Gunamayi Prakruti 255
  Traits of Satvic Prakruti 255
  Traits of Rajas Prakruti 257
  Traits of tamas prakruti 258
  Seven types of Prakruti 259
  Examination of Prakruti 262
16 Concept of Dhatu 266-306
  Rasa dhatu 267
  Upadhatu and mala 269
  Eulogy for Rasa Dhatu 270
  Rasa Vruddhi 272
  Rasakshaya 272
  Rakta dhatu 273
  Etimological derivation 273
  Alternative names 274
  Production period 275
  Eulogy for rakta dhatu 279
  Rakta Sara 279
  Specific disease causing factors 281
  Symptoms of Rakta Vruddhi 285
  Symptoms of Rakta Kshaya 285
  Mansa Dhatu 286
  Alternative names 286
  Mala and upadhatu 287
  Symptoms of mansa sara 288
  Symptoms of mansa vruddhi 289
  Symptoms of mansa kshaya 289
  Meda dhatu 289
  Mala and upadhatu 290
  Medasara 291
  Symptoms of meda vruddhi 292
  Symptoms of meda kshaya 292
  Asthi Dhatu 293
  Alternative names 293
  Types of asthi dhatu 293
  Upadhatu and mala 294
  Asthisara 296
  Symptoms of asthivruddhi 296
  Symptoms of asthikshaya 296
  Majja Dhatu 297
  Types of majja dhatu 297
  Upadhatu and mala 297
  Majja Sara 299
  Symptoms of majja vruddhi 299
  Symptoms of majja kshaya 299
  Shukra Dhatu 300
  Alternative names 300
  Types of shukra dhatu 302
  Upadhatu and mala 302
  Manifestation of shukra dhatu 303
  Shukrasara 305
  Symptoms of shukravruddhi 305
  Symptoms of shukra kshaya 305
17 Concept of Updhatu 307-331
  Stanya 309
  Srtava 312
  Etimology and atternative names 313
  Symptoms of artara vruddhi 316
  Symptoms of artara khsaya 316
  Vasa 316
  Tvacha 317
  Snayu 321
  Oja 323
  Types of Oja 327
  Symptoms of Oja vruddhi 330
  Oja Vikruti 330
  Oja Visransa 331
  Oja Vyapad 331
  Oja Kshaya 331
18 Malavichar Concept of Mala 332-344
  Purisha 332
  Purisha dharar kala 333
  Symptoms of purisha vruddhi 335
  Symptoms of purisha kshaya 336
  Mutra 336
  Symptoms of mutra vruddhi 337
  Symptoms of mutra ksraya 338
  Sweda 338
  Symptoms of sweda vruddhi 340
  Symptoms of sweda kshaya 340
  Teeth (Dantal) 340
  Nails (Nakha) 342
  Kesha-Loma 342
19 Srotasa 345-351
  Srotomula-Root or base of srotasa 348
20 Shwasana Kriya (Respiration) 352-359
  Organs of Respiration 354
  Process of respiration 355
  Three steps of respiration 357
  Internal respiration (Anta Swasana) 358
21 Rakta Dhatu-A Detail Study 360-375
  Blood Circulaiton 360
  Heart 360
  Process of blood circulation 363
  Heart sounds 364
  Amount of blood circulated throughout the body 365
  Ratkadaba (Blood Pressure) 365
  Blood Circulation 366
  E.C.G. 367
  Portal Circulation 367
  Blood 370
  Red Blood Corpuscles 370
  White blood Corpuscles 371
  Blood Clotting 372
  Blood Groups 373
22 Tongue-Organ of Speech 376-380
  Speech-Pronounciation of words 377
23 Endocrine Glands 381-399
  Characteristic features of endocreineal secretions 384
  Prostaglandins 385
  Pituitary gland 385
  Thyroid Gland 388
  Adrenal Glands 391
  Pancreas 394
  Diabetes Mellitus 395
  Parathyroid glands 395
  Testes 396
  Ovary 397
24 Central and Autonomous Nervous System 400-408
  Central Nervous System 401
  Autonomic Nervous System 402
25 The Yogic Contention Regarding Vayu and Nadi Concepts 409-415
  Yogic hypothesis of Vayu 409
  Prana Vayu 410
  Apana Vayu 410
  Vyana Vayu 410
  Udana Vayu 411
  Samana Vayu 411
  Yogic concept of nadi 411
  Shatchakra 413
26 Vikruti Vijnana (Pathology) 416-440
  Dosha Vaishamya 417
  Common causative factors of dosha vaishamya 419
  The external causative factors include 420
  Different states of affected doshas 421
  Sanchaya 422
  Prakopa 423
  Prasara 424
  Sthana Sanshraya 426
  Vyakti 427
  Bheda 428
  Dosha Gati 429
  Causes of dosha prakopa and its symptoms 432
  Causes of Vataprakopa 433
  Symptoms of Vata vruddhi 434
  Symptoms of Vata prakopa 435
  Symptoms of Vata kshaya 435
  Causes of Pitta Prakopa 436
  Symptoms of Pitta Vruddhi 437
  Symptoms of Pitta Kshaya 438
  Causes of Kapha Prakopa 438
  Causative factors of kapha prakopa include 438
  Symptoms of Kapha Vruddhi 439
  Symptoms of Kapha Prakopa 439
  Symptoms of Kapha Kshaya 440

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