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Aspects of Jaina Religion

Aspects of Jaina Religion
$21.00
Item Code: IDI524
Author: Dr. Vilas A. Sangave
Publisher: Bharatiya Jnanpith
Edition: 2001
ISBN: 812630720X
Pages: 174 (B & W Illus: 8)
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details: 8.5" X 5.5
From the Jacket

A concise and authentic work of an academic nature, 'Aspects of Jaina Religion' traces the antiquity of Jainism from literary and archaeological sources. It delineates the basic principles and elements, and elucidates the significant doctrines of Jainism. The work also brings out the distinctive features of Jaina ethics and depicts the history of Jainism in different parts of India and highlights the important contributions of Jainism to Indian culture.

Dr. Sangave has also appended a Glossary of philosophical and technical terms commonly used in Jainism and a Bibliography of selected books in English on Jaina religion and culture.

The book, we hope, will be very useful both to the academicians and the general readers desirous to have an objective: correct and proper understanding of the various facets of Jaina religion.

About the Author

Dr. Vilas A. Sangave, an eminent sociologist was born on 2nd June 1920 in a Jain family at Sholapur in Maharashtra. He retired in 1980 as Professor and Head of the Department of Sociology, Shivaji University, Kolhapur, and since then he has been working as Honorary Director of Sahu Research Institute of Shivaji University, Kolhapur. He has to his credit a number of research papers, several books on sociology and social anthropology in Marathi and English.

'Jaina Community: A Social Survey 'Life and Legacy of Mahavira: a Social Study', 'History of Dakshin Bharat Jain Sabha and 'Sacred Shravana-Belagola' are Dr. Sangave's significant contributions to studies in Jain history and sociology.

A renowned speaker in English, Marathi and Hindi and associated with several universities and institutions of social science and research, Dr. Sangave has been specially honoured by the University of Cambridge (U.K.) in 1985 and by the Government of Bihar in 1989.

Preface

The books in English on Jaina religion, the ancient and distinctive religion of India, written by foreign and Indian scholars, have been published mainly during the first half of the20th century. Many of these books are meant for advanced students of religion and are not now readily available even for purposes of reference. Again, some of these books reveal a biased outlook or a sectarian approach. Further, a large number of these books are devoted largely to the delineation of philosophy of Jaina religion and a few of them the different regions of India. In the circumstances a strong need was felt for a long time to have a concise book in English of an introductory nature dealing not only with the fundamental philosophy and ethics of Jaina religion but also with the antiquity, spread and significance of Jaina religion. It is hoped that the present compendious and authentic book of an academic nature entitled Aspects of Jaina Religion will satisfy this urgent need.

The book in brief, traces the antiquity of Jainism from literary and archaeological sources; delineates the basic principles and element of Jainism; elucidates the significant doctrines of Jainism; explains the threefold salvation-path of Jainism; elaborates the ethical code prescribed by Jainism; brings out the distinctive features of Jaina ethics; describes the sects and sub-sects of Jainism; depict the history of Jainism in different parts of India; highlights the important contributions of Jainism to Indian culture; and analyses the significance of Jainism from a social point of view. The book also contains a glossary of philosophical and technical terms commonly used in Jainism and presents a bibliography of selected books in English on Jaina religion and culture. It is, therefore, hoped that the book will be useful both to the academicians and the general readers desirous to have an objective, correct and proper understanding of various facets of Jaina religion.

I am really glad to state that Padmabhushan Sahu Shriyans Prasad Jain, was extremely keen and determined to have such an authentic and introductory book in English for the benefit of interested readers all over the world so that they can have an adequate comprehension not only about the basic tenets of Jainism but also about the specific role played by Jaina religion in enriching the social life and culture in India. I am, therefore, very grateful to Sahu Shriyans Prasad for giving necessary inspiration and extending constant encouragement to me in writing this book.

I am greatly indebted to the well-equipped library of Rajaram College, Kolhapur. My thanks are also due to Shri Mohan Patil for preparing the neat typescript of the book.

CONTENTS
Foreword
Preface
1Antiquity of Jainism15-25
Meaning of Jainism15
Tradition of Tirthankaras16
Historicity o the Jaina Tradition17
Jaina Tradition and Buddhism21
Jaina Tradition and Hinduism22
Jaina Tradition and Archaeological Evidence23
2Fundamentals of Jainism26-37
Principles of Jainism26
Philosophy of Jainism27
Tattvas of Jainism30
3Doctrines of Jainism38-51
The Doctrine of Karma38
The Doctrine of Nayavada44
The Doctrine of Syadvada48
4Salvation-path of Jainism52-62
Three-fold Path of Salvation52
Right Belief54
Right Knowledge57
Right Conduct61
5Ethics of Jainism63-86
Prescription of Ethical Code63
Ethical Code for Householders66
Ethical Code for Ascetics78
6Distinctiveness of Jaina Ethics87-95
Gradation in Ethical Code87
Importance Assigned to Five Vratas88
Prominence Given to Ahimsa91
Easy Practicability of Ethical Code92
Commonness of Ethical Code95
7Divisions in Jainism96-111
Rise of Sections in Jainism96
The Great Schism of Jainism98
The Digambara and Svetambara Sects100
The Digambara Sub-sects103
The Svetambara Sib-sects107
8Status of Jainism in India 112-122
Jainism in East India112
Jainism in South India115
Jainism in West India118
Jainism in North India121
9Contribution of Jainism to Indian Culture132-134
Languages and Literature121
Arts and Architecture126
Philosophy132
Ethical Code133
Political Progress134
10Jainism and other Religions135-142
Jainism and Hinduism135
Jainism and Buddhism139
Jainism and Islam141
11Significance of Jainism143-159
Establishment of Social Equality143
Independence from Priestly Domination146
Religious Emancipation of Women147
Impetus to Female Education149
Inculcation of Self-reliance150
Emphasis on Non-violence152
Insistence on Tolerance155
Encouragement to Social Welfare156
Glossary160
Bibliography172

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