About the Book
Contrary to popular belief, there is an astonishing
quantity of creative upsurge of writing in Sanskrit today which is
qualitatively of such high order that it can easily compare with Sanskrit
writing in any century, including the Golden age of Sanskrit. Sanskrit being a
Pan Indian Language, the writers are spread out along the length and breadth of
the country. There are more than three thousand works available which are of a
very high standard produced during the 20th century. An attempt is made in the
present work to highlight the contribution of 250 Twentieth Century Indian
Sanskrit poets who have made a significant contribution to one or the other
form of creative writings in Sanskrit which convincingly disproves the
criticism of some critics that Sanskrit is a dead language.
About the Author
Sri S. Ranganath secured First Class, First Rank in
M.A Sanskrit from Bangalore University. He is the recipient of Hiriyanna Gold
Medal and Hebbar Srivaishnava Sabha Gold Medal. The title Vedabhsana was
conferred on him by Vedadharmaparipalanasabha, American Biographical Institute,
U.S.A., has honoured him with the title The Man of the Year 1996. He has a
Vidvan Degree in Advaitavedanta from Sri Chamarajendra Sanskrit College. He has
studied Rgveda traditionally for eight years. His Ph.D. dissertation was on
“Contribution of Vacaspatimisra to Indian Philosophy”. He has Forty books and
Eighty research papers to his credit. His Kannada translation of Prof. Satya
Vrat Shastri's Ramakirtimahakavyam was published in Bangkok (Thailand). He is
Professor and Head of the Department of Sanskrit, N.MKR. V. College for Women
(Autonomous College) Bangalore. He was awarded D.Litt., from Himachal Pradesh
University, Shimla in 2005 for his Post-doctoral publications on Post
Independence Sanskrit Literature. World Association for Vedic Studies, USA.,
(Bangalore Branch) has honored him with the title Vedasri. Ministry of Human
Resource Development, Govt, of India has nominated him as the subject expert
(member) to managing committee of Ahobila Mutt, Adarsh Sanskrit Mahavidyalaya,
Madhurantakam (Tamil Nadu) for 3 years (2008-2011). He has a
Rastrabhasavisarada degree in Hindi from Madras (Chennai).
Contrary to popular belief, there is an
astonishing quantity of creative upsurge of writing in Sanskrit today which is
qualitatively of such high order that it can easily compare with Sanskrit
writing in any century not excluding the Golden Age of Sanskrit. The sheer
amount of Published Work in all fields of literary activity is truly mind
boggling. Sanskrit being a pan Indian Language the writers are spread out along
the entire length and breadth of the country and as in ancient days from Kasmir
to Kanyakumari from Bombay to Calcutta a large number of extremely talented
poets have been practising the Art of Creative great Literature in the Sanskirt
Whether it is Epic or Drama, Campu, Prose,
Gitikavyas, Dutakavyas, Katha Sahitya, Lyrics, Stotra Kavyas, Travelogues or
Citrakavyas, there are more than Three Thousand works available which are of a
very high standard. An attempt is made in this work to highlight the
contribution of 250 Twentieth Century Sanskrit Poets who have made a
significant contribution to one or the other form of creative writings in
Sanskrit which convincingly disproves the criticism of some critics that
Sanskrit is a dead language.
I felt a need for this book as there was no
work of this kind in English to my knowledge which will be like a ready
reckoner to any researcher who may be pursuing his research in 20th Century
Sanskrit Literature or the contribution of the 20th century Sanskrit
Poets available to them in one place.
The methodology uniformly employed in this book
is to state the poet's date of birth, his family, his place of work, his
qualification, his creative as well as critical writings, the honours and
awards which he might have received and a brief conclusion of each poet based
on the overall contribution made by him.
The work is divided into Eleven sections based
on chronology. They are as follows –
(1) 1875-80 (2) 1881-90 (3) 1891-1900 (4)
1901-1910 (5) 1911-1920 (6) 1921-1930 (7) 1931-1940 (8) 1941-1950 (9) 1951-1960
(10) 1961- 1970 and miscellaneous. Under miscellaneous head, sixty poets figure
in this work whose date of birth is not known definetly, but certainly who
belong to this century. The work commences with the date of birth of the poet
starting from 1875 onwards whose work published would be certainly from 1900
onwards. Thus the work stretches from Krishna Chandra to Ravindra Kumar Panda
(29-9-1875 to 10-01-1963).
The work highlights the contributions made by
the poets who have received Central Sahitya Academy Awards, Vacaspati Puraskar
instituted by K.K. Birla Foundation Delhi, Jnanapeeth Puraskar, Poet's Laureate
of the respective States Mahamahopadhyaya conferred by Rashtriya Sanskrit
Vidyapeetha, Tirupati, Padmasri conferred by Govt. of India and so on.
Just to cite a few names:-
(1) Prof. Ramakaran Sarma (Vice Chancellor of
two Sanskrit Universities-Sampoornananda Sanskrit University, Varanasi and
Darbhanga Sanskrit University, Ex-Director, Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, Delhi,
President International Sanskrit Association and Visiting Professor to the
Universities of Columbia and California, Recipient of Sahitya Academy Award and
(2) Prof. Satyavrat Sastri (Ex-Vice Chancellor
Sri Jagannath Sanskrit University, Purl, Visiting Professor to many European
Countries, recipient of eleven International Awards, Padmasri from Government
of India and Mahamahopadhyaya from Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha, Tirupati and
youngest Sahitya Academy awardee at the age of thirty seven.
(3) Prof. Rajendra Misra (Ex-Vice Chancellor
Sampoornananda Sanskrit University, Varanasi), Visiting Professor to University
of Udayana, Bali, Indonesia, recipient of awards like Sahitya Academy Award,
Vacas-pati Puraskar and President's Certificate of Honour.
(4) Prof. V. Raghavan, Visiting Professor to
many Universities abroad, Padmabhusana Awardee, Sahitya Academy Awardee, Editor
of Catalogus Catalogorum and so on.
(5) Prof. Pullela Sriramachandrudu, winner of
Sahitya Academy Award and recipient of Mahamahopadhyaya, Honour from Rastriya
Sanskrit Vidyapeetha, Tirupati.
(6) Dr. Visvanatha Satyanarayana, Poet Laureate
of Andhra Pradesh, Jnanapeeth Awardee and Kavi Samrat.
(7) Prof. Radhavallabha Tripathi, winner of
Sahitya Academy Award, and Visiting Professor to Universities of Germany and
Thailand and present Vice-chancllor of Rastriya Sanskrit Sansthan, New Delhi.
(8) Prof. K.T. Pandurangi, Vice Chancellor,
Pooma Pragna Vidyapeetba and recipient of Mahamahopadhyaya Award from Rastriya
Sanskrit Vidyapeetha, Tirupati.
(9) Pandit Pandarinathacharya Galagali recipient
of Rajya, Rastra and Rastrapati Puraskar.
(10) Prof. N.Ranganatha Sarma recipient of
President's Certificate of Honour and Mahamahopadhyaya from Rastriya Sanskrit
(11) Prof. S.B. Raghunathacharya, the Dynamic
Ex-Vice Chancellor of Rastriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha.
(12) Prof. Rasik ViharI Josi, Visiting
Professor to many Universities abroad and Winner of Sahitya Academy, Vacaspati
Puraskar and President's Certificate of honour and so on.
The Contemporary Sanskrit Poets have through
their poetry been successful in depicting the social evils like Dowry deaths,
Bribery, Corruption, Suicide, Problems of Unemployment, Exploitation of the
poor and downtrodden, Terrorism and so on. They have been successful in
combating these social evils by giving possible and plausible solutions to
them. Mahidhara Venkatarama Sastri's Sarojini Saurabham, H.V. Narayana Sastri's
Gunapariksanam, Dipak Ghos's Vilapa Pancasikha Social plays of Ogeti Pariksit
Sarma and Bhagirathi Prasad Tripathi's Atankavada Satakam are pointers in this
Patriotism and Nationalism also occupy a significant
trend of Modem Sanskrit Poetry wherein we find works being composed on
Religious and National Leaders Like Tukaram, Jnanadev, Ramakrsna Paramahamsa,
Vivekananda, Sivaji, Lala Lajpat Roy, Jawaharlal Nehru, Mahatma Gandhi, V.D.
Savarkar, Saradar Patel, Ranapratap Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi and so on.
Creative Literature in Sanskrit during 20th
Century in our country has got a new fillip with an unprecedented enthusiasm
observed with the poets and authors of Sanskrit of the concerned era The
factors responsible for giving a boost to the Sanskrit poets of twentieth
century included the components like encouragement to the creative artistes by
several public as well as private agencies, increase in the degree of
acceptability of Sanskrit writings and after-all getting nearer to the
mainstream of the nation through the creative literary art of Sanskrit. In
fact, the Sanskrit Poets of this century have tried to portray themselves as
the creative chronicles of the happenings of their time of the society instead
of becoming imaginary narrators of the Utopian world. Hence a congenial
environment in the 20th Century has given rise to a number of
creative literary artistes in Sanskrit, who have, no doubt, enriched the
history of Sanskrit literature in various ways. Professor, S. Ranganath, a well
known versatile genius in the field of Sanskrit deserves our appreciation for
selecting such an interesting area as the central theme of his present volume
entitled “20th Century Sanskrit Poets and their Contribution”
The present work consists of seven chapters
depicting the unique and original contributions of Sanskrit poets flourished
from 1875 to 1930 in various places of the country. The author, Professor
Ranganath has taken a lot of trouble to identify the talents, collect their
works in Sanskrit, analyse the central ideas reflected in the works and project
the same in a chronological and methodical manner in his books. By doing so,
the author has, no doubt, shown his respect for the poets and appreciation for
their works with a noble intention of updating the history of Sanskrit
Literature in the larger interest of the readers, researchers, learners and
critical assessors. Hence it goes without saying that the present work will be
a very useful and meaningful addition to our treasure of tradition. My
heartfelt congratulations to the author, Prof. Ranganath for his successful
endeavour in right direction and that too at right moment.
Rashtriya Sanskrit University, Tirupati an
internationally reputed Public-funded organization; has been striving hard from
its inception for promoting Sanskrit literature and propagating Indian culture
in the country and aboard through its hydra-headed academic and research
activities. It has traversed a long journey of nearly five decades with a
unique experience of struggling hard for a noble cause for which it was set-up.
Thanks to those founders, well-wishers, teachers, researchers, administrators
and learners, who have brought this University to this coveted stage of respect
and reverence by contributing a lot to its corporate life at various points of
time for which, today, we are celebrating the Golden Jubilee Year. To mark the
Golden Jubilee Celebration, we have planned to organize a number of academic
and cultural programmes out of which the proposal for publication of fifty
standard books in and on Sanskrit stands pre-eminent. We are extremely happy to
mention that this publication forms a part of that Golden Jubilee publication.
Hence, the concerned publication has not only ensured and strengthened the
quality of the Golden Jubilee Publication series, but also enhanced the dignity
of our University.
May I avail this opportunity to thank all those
who have got themselves associated with this publication and wish the
publication a success while expecting many more meaningful works from our
revered author in future.
Foreword - Vice-Chancellor
Table of Contents
Chapter One (1875-1880)
Chapter Two (1881-1890)
Chapter Three (1891-1900)
Chapter Six( 1921-1930)
This gives me great pleasure to introduce the
monumental work entitled 20th century Sanskrit Poets and their
contribution (Volume - 2) to the Sanskrit loving world. India has a vast
treasure of Sanskrit Poets who enhanced our nation's prestige and reputation in
the global scenario of poetics.
Prof. S. Ranganath authored this work with
enormous endeavor and mental strain for collecting data's regarding these
scholars of different regions. This work highlights the names of prominent
contributors in modem and classical Sanskrit literature. This also gives
narrative description about the poetic works along with various authors
This is an authentic Suivey of the poets of
20th century. This volume contains chapter 7 to chapter 10. Our Viydapeetha has
already published the first volume of this work recently. This work fulfills
the long standing desire of the Sanskritists to know the history of Sanskrit
scholars and the poets in particular. The Sanskrit speaking world should
undoubtedly be indebted to Prof. S. Ranganath for bringing out these two
volumes on Sanskrit poets.
I, with all pride and humanity appreciate Prof.
S. Ranganath for coming forward to give an opportunity to the Vidyapeetha to
publish his finest work under the banner of Golden Jubilee Publications.
I wish to thank Prof. K.E. Devanathan and other
colleagues for bringing out this work.
i - vii
Chapter Seven (1931-1940)
Chapter Eight (1941-1950)
Chapter Nine (1951-1960)
Chapter Ten (1961-1970)
Chapter (Other Poets of 20 Century)
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