The Brahma Purana: Complete English Translation (Set of 2 Volumes)
The Brahma Purana (Sanskrit: ब्रह्मपुराण; Brahma-Purana) is one of the eighteen
major PURANAS of Vaishnavi Hindu texts. Brahma Purana is a text related to Lord
Brahma who is equipped with Rajogun, therefore, this is also known as Rajas
The text is divided
into Purva-Bhaga (former part), Uttara-Bhaga (later part) and a concluding
part, known as Brahmottara Purana.
o The first part gives
importance to Lord Vishnu and
o The second part, to
o The emergence of
Before the start of creation
work, the entire universe was covered with full of darkness. At that time, a
shining light appeared in the center of the universe, Lord Vishnu and Shiva
emerged from that light.
And after a few years, as per
the wishes of Lord Vishnu, Lord Brahma was born out from the navel of Lord
Vishnu in the water.
o Universe, Nature, etc :
Obeying the orders of Vishnu,
Brahma started his creative work. This Purana mentions creation of this universe several millions of years ago.
The self-existent God Narayan
created the water. First of all, God had a rest on the water. God released his power in the water. In the
beginning, there was water everywhere and the Brahman (Narayan) slept on this
water in the form of Vishnu.
Since water is called Nara and Ayana means
a bed, Vishnu is known as Narayana. In the water, Brahma
was born. Since he created himself, he is called Swayambhu.
heaven( Devlok) and earth( Bhoolok).
the Devtas and
Kaal(Time), Mind, Speech(language)
Senses, the Kama,
Krodha, and Rati were created in both heaven and earth.
From the powers of his mind,
Brahma gave birth to eminent divine sons namely:
o Atri, Angira,
o Narada, Daksha, Devar, and Marichi.
All of them are also known as
the Manas putras.
After the creation of
o The birth of Shiva’s
Rudragans, Sanatkumara has been mentioned.
thunderbolt, clouds, bow, Khadga, Parjanya, etc. were created.
Brahma is the creator of the four Vedas as well. He is
more popularly mentioned in the ancient Vedas and Puranas, and he is considered
the main Vedic deity. The hymns of the Vedas were created for the performance
of the Yagyas.
Apart from the
creation as mentioned above, it also contains the details as follows:
Brahma Temple located at Pushkar
in Rajasthan(India) is the only temple dedicated to Lord Brahma. Every year
during the festival days, people would gather in large numbers to worship the
creator god and our divine father, Lord Brahma. By worshipping Lord Brahma, the
childless couple would be blessed with noble children.
Prajapati was the son of
Daksha. Here the story of Sati – is interesting to be mentioned in short, as follows:
दाक्षायणी: The Story of Shiva and Sati
i. The legend concerns
the Goddess Sati, daughter of Daksha and wife of Shiva.
ii. When Daksha held a
great Yajna and insulted Shiva by not inviting Shiva and Sati. Sati took
offense, came to the Yajna Mandap uninvited, and there committed suicide.
iii. later she was born
as Parvati, daughter of Himalaya.
iv. There is a
description of Shiva- Parvati marriage in a spectacular manner.
dedicated to the daughters of Daksha and their husband Kashyapa and the birth
of various creatures.
o Prachetas and Marisha.
i. Lokeshwar has been
described as the virtuous lineage of Lord Surya, who is the destroyer of
Mahatamya- Surya is considered a Vedic deity, and he is the one who gives light
to the entire universe, removes the darkness, and ignite the divine light in
our lives as he is the only living God.
Konarka [Chariot of the Sun-God]
o There is an ocean to the
south of Bharatavarsha. On the shores of this great ocean, there is a land
named Utkala (present Orrisa).
o In the land of Utkala,
there is an image of the sun (Surya) known as Konaditya or Konarka. The image
of Konadiya is so wonderful that even if one gazes at the image, all sins are
o All around the temple,
there is sand. nevertheless, many trees grow around the temple.
o Worship :
best time to worship the sun there is at the time of sunrise.
has to face the east and draw a lotus flower on the ground with red sandalwood.
The lotus flower must have exactly eight petals.
copper vessel has to be placed at the centre of the flower and filled with
paddy, sesame, water, red sandalwood, red flowers, and sacred grass.
to Surya to descend on the lotus flower that has thus been drawn.
one worships Konaditya according to these prescribed rites, the sins of the
seven preceding generations are forgiven.
recounted to the sages the one hundred and eight sacred names of Surya, listed
in The Brahma Purana.
o The Chandravansh;
o The story of Rama-Krishna
from the ancestry of Yayati/ Puru;
o Krishna – Leela;
Due to the detailed
explanation of Lord Krishna in the form of Brahma, it is famous by the name of Brahmapuran.
o Formation of
o The rendering of the
Sankhya principles - the guidance of Brahmavad
o Salvation-dharma- the method of yoga :
o The details of Yamlok;
o Shradhkarmas of
o Description of Varnas and
The universe did not
develop due to Rishi Bhava, so Brahma thought of creating Maithuni.
himself into two parts.
man and woman were created from the southern left part.
initial names were Manu Swayambhuva and his wife Satarupa - and the birth of
was this Manu who developed the Maithuni world.
form of fourteen Manvantaras was accepted in the name of this Manu.
to the origin of Vaivasvata Manu, his descendants, Vajranabha, etc
son named Veer was born to Manu and Shatrupa.
was born with a bow and armor coil.
Prithu made the earth blissful and fertile with his hard work.
earth has since been called as Prithvi.
to his hard work and public interest, people started considering him Vishnu.
handed over the central part of the earth to his best son Ikshvaku.
details about the Vishnu devotees like Dhruva, Markandeya, and Prahalada are
mentioned in this holy text.
penance as advised by sages - pleased god Vishnu.
iii. by reciting the mantra - ‘OM NAMO
iv. Received a boon from Lord Vishnu, Dhruv
occupied a fixed position ‘Dhruva Tara’ in the northern sky.
v. that even ‘Saptarishis’ go
vi. That pivotal position of Dhruv would
continue even in the ages to come.
Bhakta Dhruva (Bengali)
o Hiranyakashipu and
Hiranyaksha were born.
o The Yakshas - the birth
o The conflict between the
gods and the Demons.
o Salvation-dharma- the
nature of Brahma- the method of yoga :
Lakshmi Narasimha with Bhakta Prahlad Tanjore Painting | Traditional Colors With 24K Gold | Teakwood Frame | Gold & Wood | Handmade
(attainment of salvation
has been highlighted by explaining the philosophy of Samkhya and Yoga). The
formulation of Yogas,
in short, it is mentioned as follows :
Satyavrata did not follow the righteous path. King Trayaruni’s chief priest was
the great sage Vashishtha.
was another great sage.
to a long spell of drought, there was a devastating famine in the kingdom.
had however taken care of Vishvamitra’s family when the sage was away on
pleased with the care taken for his wife and children, granted him a boon.
desired the boon that he wished to go to heaven in his own physical body.
Thanks to Vishvamitra’s immense powers, he was on the way to heaven.
there was famine everywhere, Satyavarata stole sage Vashishtha’s cow.
killed the cow and served the meat to Vishvamitra’s sons, apart from eating it
was in a terrible rage when he got to know about this incident.
had committed three sins (shanku) - Firstly, he had angered his father Trayaruni.
Secondly, had stolen and killed a cow. Thirdly, had eaten beef, forbidden meat.
xi. Because of these three sins, Satyavrata has
eternally been cursed to henceforth be
known as Trishanku.
cursed Satyavrata to remain hanging midway in the sky (neither to heaven nor to
return to the earth).
Vishwamitra (The King Who Became An Ascetic)
In this Purana the
details about the following are also contained :
Sagara - the Unique Karma Bhumi in Jambudwipa and an outline
of other places in the world - Paatalaas (Bilwa Swarga) Loka - Ordeals of
hells(Narakas) and Possibilities of Atonement - Bhur-Bhuva-Suvaadi lokas and
Sishumaara Chakra - Avatarana - Dwadasadityas - Indradyumna - Purushottama
Darshanaas of Pralaya Bala Mukunda - Sweta Madhava and Matsya Madhava Mahatmyas
- King Bali - sage gautama. - Theertha Mahatmya and Puja Vidhana-
Kandopaakhyana - Indra and Viswamitra - Kubera - Garuda and Maninaga -
Vriddhagoutama - Sage Dandhichi donating his bones for Vajrayudha - Sage
Pippilada - Nageshvara - Sage Veda and hunter Bhilla - The Chandala and the Brahmarakshasa -
Principles of Righteous Way of Living(Sadaachaara Varnana) - Phalashruti of
Brahma Purana beautifully
expresses the gracious appearance of lord Brahma, his consort Maa Sarasvati, Maa Lakshmi, and lord Vishnu.
APPEARANCE OF LORD
16" Lord Brahma | Handmade
to the scriptures, Brahmaji was born on the lotus that had arisen from the
navel of the omnipresent Lord Narayan (Vishnu).
describe the appearance of Brahmaji as follows:
having four heads, holds
Vedas, Rosary, Yagyopavita (Sacred thread), and Kamandalu (bowl); wears red
clothes and rides a swan. He is none other than Brahmaji, the grandfather of
all of us.
(A) Why Brahma has Four
Brahmaji is shown with
four heads. Besides being the creator of the universe, Brahmaji is an
eyewitness to the deeds of all the creatures as well.
He has to allot the
creatures' various lives as per their deed. Hence the full knowledge of a
creature’s deed is an indispensable precondition before deciding on a living
form for it.
Hence to look around in all directions,
Brahmaji is shown with the four heads.
(B) The white beard ?
Brahmaji is the
great-grandfather of all of us. Hence his appearance must match his status.
Since Brahmaji has such
an eternal ancient existence, his appearance must match his eternity, so that
feelings of respect could naturally arise among the people for him.
Hence, Lord Brahma is shown with a white
beard, a sure symbol of longevity.
(C) The Swan as a Vehicle?
Swan( Hansha) is a white
bird. God has bestowed it with unique virtues, which can’t be found in any
other creatures of the universe.
Its virtue is ‘NEERA-KSHEERA VIVEKA’, that is, if water is
mixed with the milk, a swan is capable of gulping milk only and rejecting the
It symbolizes that people
should absorb only the worthy part of a thing and discard the worthless. Only
then they would be regarded as a doer of good deeds and receive admiration in
(D) Brahma holding Vedas
in one hand?
Brahmaji is also shown as
holding Vedas. Vedas are the most ancient and pious scriptures in the universe.
Even the great deluge (Pralaya) could not destroy the Vedas since almighty
Brahma himself protected the Vedas during the deluge.
Vedas have no beginning
and no end, they are Anadi( AMAR- immortal). Vedas also remind
Brahmaji of the previous Kalpa (the grand period that includes all four Yugas).
Vedas teach us that
everything in this world is perishable except the truth, that is God. Hence,
never forget the immortal, eternal, almighty Paramatma.
(E) Rosary in other Hand?
Lord Brahma teaches that
human creation is not just for monotonous jobs. keeping the rosary in his
hands, Brahmaji reminds one and all, to always evoke and recite the holy name
of God in all situations for our wellbeing.
It is well said in our
scriptures that ‘JALAMEV
JEEVANAM’ means- water is life. Water is
the basic physical element that caused the whole creation to exist. This earth
has been born out of water. The coconut shell bowl (Kamandalu) held by
Brahmaji, is filled with water, portraying the hassle-free, continuous
existence of this universe.
(G) The Lotus- seat?
Lotus also adorns Lord
Vishnu and is an essential item to worship Lord Shiva. Lotus shows that despite
being born within filth or mud, it remains pure and unstained.
In the same way, all
human beings are born out of filth consisting of passion and illusion. Thus the
lotus seat of Brahmaji imparts that regardless of his origin, the human being
must strive to remain as pure – flawless, and unstained as possible.
In other words, humans
must abstain from the passion and illusion of the world despite being surrounded
Goddess Of Knowledge Saraswati Tanjore Painting|Traditional Colour With 24 Karat Gold | With Frame
Saraswati means SARAH -
Thus, Saraswati is the goddess who rules all kinds of knowledge, wisdom ,
awareness. Without worshipping her no one can be a learned person. Hence followers
of other religions also worship Saraswati, though the name and appearance may
Maa Saraswati as follows-
Appearance of Maa Sarasvati:
in white clothes - reflect the essence
of Brahma, the supreme power
ii. Holder of Veena (Lyre) and Book
iii. Beaded rosary
iv. The benevolent Goddess is seated on a lotus –
imparting knowledge to mankind
(A) Significance of Book
and Veena (Lyre)
Noted sage Bhartrihari
has written that without literature and music, a man is not more than an
Hence the book and veena
in the hands of Saraswati teach that if humans wish to do away with their
ignorance and illiteracy, knowledge of literature and music is a must for them.
Hence, Goddess Saraswati is shown with a book
and Veena is the symbol of literature and music respectively.
(B) Beaded Rosary, swan,
The ultimate goal of
knowledge is salvation. Salvation is possible only by unification with God. the
rosary is a means for an alliance with God.
But why a rosary of white
beads only? It is so because white beads depict spotless purity. Thus it
teaches us to rise above the blemishes of passion, anger, greed, ego, lust,
envy, enmity, etc., and make our mind as spotless as the beads.
Similar teachings are taught
by the lotus seat and swan vehicle of the Goddess Saraswati.
Worship of Lord Vishnu is
extremely essential for those who wish to receive supreme salvation. A common
rule of worship is that the worshipper must essentially have the virtues of the
worshipped. Hence, Lord Vishnu gives his virtues through physical appearance.
Appearance Of Lord Vishnu
Description of his
infinite form in reclining (stretched- out) posture:
Lord Vishnu has a
peaceful body (postures) - rests on Sheshanaga (the mighty Cobra serpent ) -
has a lotus in his navel - is the base of the world - is like the sky - has a
colour like a cloud - has eyes like the lotus - is seen by yogis in their
meditation - is the only Lord of all the three Lokas (Worlds).
The first virtue of Lord
Vishnu is his peaceful appearance. Hence his worshipper must also acquire a
peaceful appearance, have peace within. This is also the need of the hour in a
world that is presently full of conflicts, disputes, tensions, and all that
could pose a potential danger to the earth itself.
10" Sheshshayi Narayana Vishnu in Brass | Handmade | Made In India
(A) Why does Lord
Vishnu rest on Sheshanaga?
describe Sheshanaga as Kala also. Sheshanaga is supposed to be a highly
Lord Vishnu is resting on him without fear or worries. It teaches us not to
lose patience even while facing the Kala itself,
must strive to ride on it, and only then can one remain in a peaceful
appearance. If fear overpowers us, it may smash our peace.
(B) Why is Lotus in the
third virtue of Lord Vishnu is that he bears a lotus on his navel, hence he is
also known as Padmanabham.
the lotus rises Lord Brahma. Brahma has only royal virtues (Rajoguna).
to remain in peaceful form , Lord Vishnu has discarded all the royal (Rajoguna)
virtues through his navel.
he has made the snake, which has Tamoguna (virtue of darkness), as his seat.
Thus only Satoguna (Virtue of the truth) remains with him, and God thus
acquired the form of Shantakaram, peaceful.
if a worshipper wishes to be in peaceful form, he must first discard the
virtues of royalty and darkness.
(C) Why does Vishnu stay
in the Sea of Milk?
All the oceans are mammoth
deposits or locations of Saline water. How then it encompasses the sea of milk?
A stanza of Chanakyaneeti enlightens it thus :
Vishnu is known as VISHVAMBHAR (feeder of the world),
so one need not to worry about survival.
case of his non-existing, then where from the milk would be produced in the
breasts of a mother before the child's birth? Thus god has already arranged the
complete food, i.e; milk for the newborn baby.
is clear from the above, that Lord Vishnu assumes different forms only to feed
all the creatures of the world. Milk is one of these different forms.
to another principle of the scriptures, God is present in every grain. Hence he
is present in the milk also.
(D) Reason for holding
famous Sudarshana Chakra (wheel) is whirling on the finger of Lord Vishnu.
this wheel, God teaches humankind that the cycle of the universe is whirling at
anybody tries to go against his will (i.e. wheel) or gives up religion and
begins to behave otherwise, he would be punished severally.
(E) Reason for holding
color and sound are the main virtues of the conch.
the colour of the conch, God Vishnu teaches us to follow the path of the truth.
sound is like a warning call that if the path of truth is not followed, the
defaulter would be opposed and punished.
(F) Purpose of
Kaustubha is the best
jewel among all the gems. It signifies virtues of gentleness, wisdom, virtue,
etc. The person will feel the eternal light in his life, desired unification
with God, and ultimate salvation.
(G) Why does Lord Vishnu
hold a Mace?
Mace is a weapon that
shows and dares for physical strength. With the mace, God warns anti-social and
wicked elements that if they try to violate the sanctity of religion and
torment his devotees, god would not spare them.
(H) Why is Garuda (Eagle)
the Vehicle of Vishnu?
Garuda (eagle) is the
king of the birds. It is the most dreaded and fastest among the birds. Thus God
assures his devotees to be fearless because in case of any mishap he will reach
them in no time.
Appaearance Of Goddess Lakshmi
as Goddess Lakshmi (wealth) seated pressing feet of stretched –out (resting)Lord Vishnu on Sheshnag.
18" Shesha-Shayi Lord Vishnu | Handmade | Madhuchista Vidhana (Lost-Wax) | Panchaloha Bronze from Swamimalai
(A) Why Goddess Laxmi
presses the feet of God?
Lakshmi presents an example of an ideal spouse before the world. The supreme
duty of a woman remains in the service of her husband.
second aspect of the message is- the people who want to be rich and wealthy,
must devote themselves to the feet of Narayana, for Lakshmi (Goddess of wealth)
is to be found there and nowhere else.
(B) Why is the owl the
vehicle of Laxmi?
owl is the vehicle of the goddess Lakshmi. An owl can see only during the
night. Hence, Lakshmi makes trips to those devotees who worship that Goddess
only, on her vehicle owl.
in the case of devotees who worship Lord Vishnu first and thereafter Lakshmi,
Then she visits those devotees with Vishnu riding on his vehicle Garuda.
also implies that at places where black money is prominent wealth, Lakshmi
rides over an owl. Since the owl can see only in the darkness, symbolizing ignorance,
lack of morality, black money, and misdeeds.
7" Brass Goddess Lakshmi Carved Inside Hand Sitting on Owl
o Our scriptures mention
that the God who keeps an account of the numerous deeds of those countless
creatures and arranges for their lives is called Brahma.
brahmin who listens to a recital of the Brahma Purana becomes learned,
ii. A Kshatriya becomes victorious,
iii. A vaishya becomes rich and
iv. A shudra achieves happiness.
o Thus anyone who listens
to the recital faithfully attains all his wishes. The fruits of listening to
such a recital are superior to visiting the holiest of Hindu Tirthas( pilgrimage places) or
performing the supreme of Yajnas.
o It is also mentioned that
the secrets of the Puranas should never be revealed to atheists who did not believe
o The Brahma Purana
describes that the entire universe is covered with full of illusion, and to
come out from that illusion, Brahma puts us to develop Bhakti for god to
generate righteous, moral habits in our life.
Although Lord Brahma is
not the doer- he is in the cycle of Birth and Death. Even then
He is the donor of boons
and fulfils the wishes of the devotee impartially whomsoever he may be, the
divine devas or the demons. He could be worshipped by placing his picture in the
Puja room, and chanting his mantra, “OM SRI PARAMA PURUSHAYA
BRAHMA DEVAYA NAMAHA”, to get all kinds of prosperities in our life.
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