Maha Pratyangira Devi, a powerful aspect of the Divine Mother, is the mother of
Moksha (liberation). She frees Her devotees of their karmas and from the cycle
of life, death, and rebirth. She is the embodiment of Dharma (righteousness),
Satya (truth), and impeccable justice.
Devi is a Hindu goddess who is mainly worshipped by the Kshatriyas, a race in
the Hindu religion which is known for its expertise in warfare. She is known
for her power that repels any misfortune or fatal incident that can be caused
by the force of evil magic. However, she is also worshipped as a deity who
blesses her devotee with boundless power and energy. Pratyangira Devi is a
destroyer of evil forces and demonly negative energies. She is also known to
show the right path to her devotees the same way she guided and advised Lord
Narasimha to stop damaging the nature. Therefore, she has her own importance
and reverence among the other Hindu deities.
a powerful goddess who supposedly destroyed Sarabheswara’s arrogance.
Sarabheswara is a fierce form of Lord Shiva. She is also called Narasimhika, she
who is the Ferocious Half Human Half Lion of Courage. The Atharva Veda is also
called Atharv Angirasa. Angirasa Veda refers to witchcraft. Probably the name
Pratyangira comes from this. The goddess is also associated with Sri Cakra. As
mentioned above, she has the power to repel witchcraft. She protects devotees
and shows them the right path. Devotees do Pratyangira sadhana to ward off evil
attacks and for prosperity. It has many benefits. Pratyangira is often shown
with a dark complexion and fierce aspect – she has a lion’s face with red eyes
and rides a lion. She is either fully nude or attired in black garments and
wears a garland of human skulls. In her four hands, she holds a trident, a hand-drum,
a snake in the form of a noose and a skull. She is associated with Bhairava and
is also called Narasimhi. She has another form, Atharvana-Bhadra-Kali.
Pratyangira is praised and described in the Adarvana Veda as Bhadrakali. That
is the reason she is also called as Adarvana Bhadrakali. Further, as the
Goddess protects us by residing in ourselves, at the same time destroying the
enemies by suffocating them, the Goddess gets the name of Nikumbhila.
current Age, the mother is revealing Herself through Her Adiyargal (devotees
and servants) Amma Adi Sakthi and Swami Shanmuga. They bring Her consciousness
and energies into the world in a pristine and approachable manner.
the ancient temples associated with Goddess Narasimha is located at Aivar Padi
near Kumbakonam in Tamil Nadu. Here the deity is popularly known as Pratyangira
Devi and has 18 hands. The major temples associated with the Goddess are as
Maha Pratyangira Devi Temple, Ayyavadi, Kumbakonam,
Maa Pratyangira Kalika Temple, Moranapalli, Hossur,
Sri Maha Pratyangira Devi – Gnana Muneshwara
Temple, Jayanagar, Bangalore
Sri Pratyangiradevi Temple, Sholinganur,
Sri Pratyangira Devi Temple, Dilsukhnagar, Hyderabad
with these temple, one can also find temples dedicated for this Goddess with in
the Shaiva or shaktha peetas.
is a fierce form (half man, half lion) of Lord Vishnu/Narayana. He took this
avatar to kill the demon, Hiranyakashipu, who was tormenting his ardent
devotee, Prahlada. Prahlada was actually the demon’s own son. After killing the
demon, Narasimha became very bloodthirsty and destructive as he had drunk the
blood of the demon. As he did not calm down, many great sages prayed that he
would return to his peaceful form. They asked Lord Shiva to take a special
form- Sarabha (a bird-like creature which could devour lions and elephants)
with two wings representing Shakti, to calm Narasimha. Lord Shiva prayed to the
three Shakthis (Parvati, Lakshmi, Saraswati). With the help of their combined
powers, he turned into Sarabha Pakshi or Lord Sarabeshwarar. One wing
represented Shoolini and the other, Pratyangira. When Sarabha approached
Narasimha, however, he became even more fierce and assumed a special form,
Ashta Muhka Ganda Berundha Narasimha, with 8 heads. When Sarabheshwara’s and
Shoolini’s efforts failed to control Ugra Narasimha, Pratyangira emerged from
his wing, taking the female form of Narasimha and calmed him down. Pratyangira
was 1000 times larger than Sarabeshwarar. Her head towered above the clouds and
her feet extended into the underworld. She had 1000 faces of roaring lions,
2000 blood-shot and protruded eyes, 2000 hands with several weapons and 1000
blood- stained tongues sticking out from her mouth.
can also find the details on Pratyangira devi as Nikumbhila in Ramayana. Ravana’s
son indrajit got a boon from the God brahma on invincibility and the Maha
mantra of Goddess Pratyangira and the details of her homa. God Brahma explained
to Indrajeet that, whenever he performs the nikumbhila homa with utmost
devotion, the devi will help you to win any war. This is the reason Indrajeeth
was never defeated in war. Before his fight with the Rama and Lakshmana,
Indrajit thought to perform the homam for Goddess Nikumbhila to win the war. However,
Rama who came to know about this and unparalleled powers of Goddess Nikumbhila
orders Lakshmana to disturb the customs of homam, so that the homa will not be
completed. Lakshmana went with a great army and disturbed the customs of that
Yagna. Which made indrajith to go to the war without fully performing the
ritual. Later he was defeated and killed in that war.
the Name ‘Pratyangira’?
sages namely the Pratyangi (some say Pratya) and Angirasa meditated on the
divine mother the moola Shakthi. In their meditation, they discovered a Goddess
whom they never knew and looked so powerful with the faces of the lion and
holding several divine weapons. They meditated on that Goddess, pleased by
their devotion, she appeared and gave the boon of being called with their names
Vaishnava School of thought: The Vaishnava School of
thought suggests that Goddess Narasimha appeared from Goddess Lakshmi me to
keep in control Narasimha whose fury was about to engulf the universe.
Shaivite School of thought: The Shaivite School of thought
suggests that Goddess Narasimha is an incarnation of Goddess Shakti and she
appeared from the wings of Sharabha – the form Shiva took to subdue the anger
Devi’s responsibility for her devotees’ Karmas
Devi devours a devotee’s karmas and answers their prayers so long as they hold
pure intentions, take responsibility for their karmas, and walk the path of
Dharma. She transforms negative energy by purifying it. The Mother gives
Herself entirely as She is an ocean of Grace. She asks of us only our devotion,
and in return She gives infinitely, revealing to us our True Nature. Wherever
there is sincere devotion, Pratyangira Devi will reveal Herself. She is always
by the side of Her devotees and protects them.
Pratyangira energy manifests, it’s often a swift and powerful current. Because
the energy strikes at the roots of one's negative aspects, it is akin to
pulling the rug underneath. The energy comes like a tornado, shakes one up from
the inside, frees and energizes them quickly, and takes them towards their soul liberation.
Pratyangira aspect of the Divine Mother has been kept somewhat secret for much
of history. This Mother takes form when there is much to be brought into
balance in the world. She is the Goddess who ushers in Satya Loka energies amid
Kali Yuga energies.
goddess’ mantra is used to cause harm to others for material benefit or take
revenge, it affects the person performing such rites, negatively. In fact, many
deities have both protective and destructive powers. The Pratyangira aspect of
the Divine was shrouded in secrecy for many years. It was believed that only
saints and Rishis had direct experience with this energy. It was felt that
seeing Pratyangira in any form is an immense blessing.
story goes that this goddess was revealed to two Rishis named Pratyangira and
Angiras, during their deep meditation, long, long ago. Pratyangira Devi is very
powerful and secretly protects her devotees. She exists within all living
beings. The Siddha masters and great sages like Durvasa and Puli Paani Siddhar
were her devotees. It is said that she came into being along with thunder and
lightning. On seeing her, Narasimha realized the purpose of his incarnation and
became calm immediately.
the case of Varahi Amman, most people feel scared to keep a picture of
Prathyangira because she is believed to be a fierce form. The goddess is
associated with Bhairavar and hence is called Bhairava Patni. She is regarded
as the protector of the Universe. Like Lord Shiva, Pratyangira Devi gives us
self-realization. She is not someone who is associated with Death. Worshipping
her protects us from all kinds of dosham, enemies, accidents, diseases, curses,
spells, wrath, and obstacles. On her body are 8 snakes and people with Sarpa
Dosham who get nightmares involving snakes should worship Pratyangira for
relief. Prathyangira devi brings respite for those with Rahu Dosham. Some
devotees claim that sprinkling her kumkum all around the house or at the house
entrance protects them and their house from evil spirits, snakes and other
to Varahi Amman, many people fear to keep a photo of Prathyangira because she
is once again thought of as a Ugraha Deivam or Dushta Deivam. People who think
like that are ignorant of her karunai, azhagu, mahimai. "Aval Samaanya
Patta Deivam Illai.... Maha Mayee"... When we look at her, we often find
her mouth wide opened, and this makes many fear her. There are two version that
I have heard about this roopam. One is that with her mouth wide open, she sucks
in all the Dushta Shakthi, Valvinaigal, Theeya Shakthis and releases her
bhakthas from Dhrishti and Seivinai. In her Potri Malai, she is described as
"Val Vinaigal Yaavaiyume Theerpavale Potri, Engal Annai Sri Prathyangira
interpretation is that she is in a state of Dhyanam. When one reaches the
liberation point or Uccha Dhyana Nilai, it is believed that the mouth is widely
opened. Prathyangira forever performs Dhyanam or Yoga for us, for her bhakthas.
She is Sri Chakra Swaroopini. "Ksham" is her Bheeja Mantram. While
talking about Prathyangira Amman, she is often associated with Bhairavar.. She
is called Bhairava Pathnee or Atharvana Bhadra Kali (since Kali is considered
to be Bhairavar's wife). In her Potri Malai, she is described as
"Bhairavar Manam Niraindhai Potri". She is considered to be the
protector of the Universe, the Nayaki of Atharvana Vedam. In Ayyawadi,
Thanjavur, she is seated in the middle of a graveyard.
message we need to understand from this is not that she is a Dushta Devadhai,
but like Lord Shiva, she is the Amman who gives us Gnyanam, self-realization.
She is not to be mistaken as someone who causes Death or is associated with
Death. By living in the graveyard, surrounded by skulls, bones and burning
pyres, she is revealing the truth associated with Maanida Janmam. We would have
heard of this Siddhar Padal "Nandavanathil Ore Andi, Avan Naalu Aru
Madhangalai Kuzhavanai Vendi, Kondu Vandhaan Oru Thondi, Adhai Koothaadi
Koothaadi Pottu Udaithaandi" which conveys that Anyone Born Has to Die one
day... burnt ashes is the Truth of Life.
Prathyangira Amman relieves us from all kinds of dosham, accidents, enemies,
diseases, wrath, curses, obstacles, hardships. She bears 8 snakes on her body.
Her Potri Malai describes her as "Ashta Nagam Konda Kali Thirisuli".
Those who have Sarpa Dosham or often get scary dreams involving Snakes can
worship Prathyangira Devi for instant relief. It is believed that Prathyangira
Amman relieves us from Rahu Dosham and Varahi Amman relieves us from Ketu
Doshams. Devotees who have experienced her Mahima have shared stories wherein
by just spreading her kumkumam around the house or at the entrance of the house
acts like a barrier and protects the house and family from Dushta Atma, snakes
and other Visha (poisonous) Jeevangal.
in Hindu Scriptures
Shaiva tradition, the Goddess Pratyangira is mainly treated as a Krutyas. and
she is also worshipped as Kali or Adarvana Bhadrakali. In the Adarvana Veda,
the details of Pratyangira devi are present within the rukhs explained by the
Muni Pippalada. Goddess Pratyangira can also be seen widely linked with Kali or
the Kali sects. Tantra shastras like sammohana depicts her as one of the 9
kalikas along with Sankarshini, Siddhakali, Sundari, Kubjika, Siddhakaralika,
Mahaakhiladevesi, Sesika and Sesamantra. The Niruttala tantra mention that this
Goddess is linked with Kali-kula path of worship. Sometimes, Pratyangira is
depicted as a powerful yogini in Hindu scriptures like Mantra Mahodhadhi. Also,
the Pratyangira Devi acts as one of the presiding deities in Vimsamsa division
of Rasis as per the Parasara hora shastra. She is also prayed for the removal
of Rahu graha doshas.
Goddess Pratyangira is mainly described in 2 forms. One, the commonly seen form
of the Goddess with four hands, seated on a lion. The other one is a greater
form called Maha Pratyangira devi with multiple faces of lions and numerous
hands. Several Saktha books also describe other forms like Aghora Pratyangira,
Baggala Pratyangira, Lakshmi, Narayani Pratyangira, pancha-vimsatyakshari etc.
of Pratyangira Devi:
Devi Pratyangira is usually depicted as one
with four hands, the left two hands holding a trident and a damaru while the
right ones holding a noose and head of a beheaded demon.
The face of the Goddess represents a lion and
looks fierce for the wicked. She is depicted as three eyed and riding on a
In some scriptures, she is also shown in a
greater form called Maha Pratyangira
Often the Goddess Maha Pratyangira is linked
with removing the effects of sorcery and witchcraft as her power in destroying
such practices is unequalled with any other vidyas.
Sadhana is considered as one of the popular, powerful and most difficult
vidhya’s. It can be practiced either in Dakshanachara or Vamachara. A very few
people know about the actual process of sadhana. However, there are recorded
literature that depicts the sadhana of this devi. There are different forms of
Pratyangira’s and about 64 Kruthyas. Upasana of each form varies and differs.
strict rules while doing sadhana is necessary.
devotee can normally recite Pratyangira kavacham, stotras and mantras for the
mercy of the divine Goddess. Mantra shastras says that Pratyangira sadhana is
one of the fastest and powerful among the vidyas. It is so powerful that it can
remove all the prayogas, even the ones done by sudarshanastra or karthaveeryarjuna
vidyas. Usually, the Goddess is even invoked to do good for the devotee or to
destroy the enemies. In recent time, Pratyangira homam, pujas and sadhanas are
reviving back mainly in south India. At the same time, several dedicated
temples are also established for worship.
Abhisheka is performed on Ashtami, Dashami and Chaturdashi days. If these days
fall on Sundays, abhisheka to Pratyangiraa devi will be done in Raahukaala just
prior to the Abhisheka of Sharabheshwara.
following are Prathyangira Devi's favorite foods:
Panakam (jaggery crushed in pure water,
flavoured with cardamom, dried ginger)
Paruppu-Vellam Payasam (made with Kadalai
Paruppu, Paitham Paruppu, Jaggery, Coconut and Pure Milk)
Red Banana (Chevvazhai Pazham)
following are Prathyangira Devi's favourite colors (for sarees):
Deep Red (preferred by Shantha Prathyangira
& Ugraha Prathyangira)
Purple (preferred by Shantha Prathyangira)
Yellow (preferred by Shantha Prathyangira)
Black (preferred by Ugraha Prathyangira)
following are special days for pooja for Prathyangira Amman:
easiest way to transcend normal levels of consciousness and elevate to the
Pratyangira consciousness is the practice of the simple yet profoundly powerful
Ksham Meditation. This transformational practice helps one attain a state of
stillness in their mind and to be in their bliss body. Ksham Meditation has
been formulated by the Adiyargal Amma Adi Sakthi and Swami Shanmuga. It is an
all-encompassing practice and is the only practice needed to realize Sri Maha
are many misconceptions about Sri Maha Pratyangira Devi and people try to
misuse Her energies. A common misconception is that She is the deity for the
removal of black magic or to perform black magic. Pratyangira Devi is the
all-powerful Goddess, the giver of Moksha, liberation. She is the protector of
Dharma or Righteousness and, therefore, how can She be associated with black
Devi is often called Ugra Devata, or the wrathful Goddess, and people are asked
to not pray to Her as harm would befall them. The Devi sure is fierce, but Her
fierceness is because She eats ones' negativity and raises them further into
the path of Dharma. But if one is deceitful in their ways and tries to
propitiate the mother and use Her energies for adharmic purposes, they will
reap the negative effects of it in a magnified way. There is a misconception
that one should not have pictures of Pratyangira Devi in their home. This a
grossly misplaced notion of the mother; She is an ocean of grace, and can only
shower one with Her love and grace.
her roots are not only restricted to the Indian subcontinent, but find
relevance in other cultures, too. Ancient traditions and civilizations like
Egypt and Tibet have recognized the energy of Pratyangira Devi, and refer to
this mother as Sekhmet and Simhamukha, respectively. Their traditions talk
about the astounding potency of this aspect of the Divine Mother.
Muller (1897), ‘The Hymns of the Atharva-Veda: The Sacred Books of the
Ramamurthy (2016), ‘Sri Maha Pratyangira Devi: Holy Divine Mother in
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